The French Revolution BY Daron Derderian BLAST FROM THE PAST

There wasn't one event or condition that led to the French Revolution, it was a number of factors that came together to cause a perfect storm leading to the revolt of the people against the king.

The following is just a brief glimpse of some of the causes, the events that took place, and the outcomes/effects of the French Revolution.

CAUSES

  • Enlightenment

The “Age of Reason” had a big effect on the French Revolution. Enlightenment ideas attacked issues such as social justice, law, and politics.The Enlightenment encouraged the ideas of equality, liberty and unity which were the basic principles of the French Revolution. To create a state of equality, it would require the complete overthrow of the powers, which was the monarchy, the aristocracy and the clergy.

  • The American Revolution

The American Revolution also had an impact on the French Revolution. America and France were allies at this point in history against Great Britain. The French gave the Americans supplies such as gun powder. It is human nature to look toward your allies and friends as a source of support. The French could see what was going on with the American Revolution and their own revolution continued to gain momentum.

  • Meeting of the Estates General

1787 - The government called on Estates General to meet to resolve financial crisis and to rectify difficulties caused by monarchical deficiencies. It hadn’t been summoned in over 250 years and were assembled to deal with a financial catastrophe under Louis XIV. Consisted of all classes including Third Estate but there were multiple arguments rather to vote by class system or by amount of votes which caused dissolution.

EVENTS

  • Reign of Terror

1793–94 was a period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of executions of presumed enemies of the state. The Revolutionary government's Terror was a war dictatorship, initiated to rule the country in case of a national emergency, and was directed by the Committee of Public Safety. Victims included thousands of people including royalists, former revolutionary Girondins, peasants, and opposers of sans-culottes. The National Convention also formed armies to regain control over French cities which caused massive amounts of public deaths by guillotine over anyone who defied them.

  • CHAMP DE MARS MASSACRE

Champ de mars massacre, July 17, 1791 Champ de mars massacre was when the citizens of France rallied against the decision of the National Constituent Assembly that King Louis XVI was still the king, even though he was under a constitution. This ended in a massacre.Two days before Champ de mars massacre, the National Constituent Assembly issued a decree that King Louis XVI would remain king under a constitutional monarchy. Instead they share the power with a constitution.

  • STORMING TUILERIES

Tuileries is the palace grounds the royal family lived after being forcefully taken to Paris. Louis was being protected by Swiss guards and a threat was issued out to the French people that whoever attacked Louis would be sentenced to appalling punishments. Instead these threats lead angry mobs of the French to storm into Tuileries to dethrone the kings and also to completely destroy the monarchy. The crowd killed all the Swiss guards, some of their own and then ransacked the place. This symbolized the end of the monarchy which led to the trial of the king and later to his execution. This bloody movement also led into later violent atrocities such as the September massacres and the reign of terror. The Storming of the Tuileries was a leading even that led to later and even bloodier atrocities and black marks on the French Revolution.

EFFECTS OF THE REVOLUTION

  • The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte

The French revolution contributed to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte to power without which he would have died a common man. It destroyed the congregative class system and opened opportunity to talent peasants like Napoleon. All the army generals were swept away during the reign of terror giving chance to Napoleon to rise to power in France.

  • Destruction of Social Classes

The French revolution destroyed the social discriminative class system in France and declared equality for all. The revolution came up with the equality and career open to talents, i.e., appointment and promotion was to based on talents and ability. This led to rise of middle class who had acquired education to positions of responsibilities.

  • Constitution and Rule of Law

The French revolution introduced the rule of law in the history of France. Before 1789, France had no constitution to safeguard people’s rights and freedom. However, in 1791, the government enacted the constitution that was amended in 1793 and 1795. The constitution clearly separated the executive, the judiciary and legislature. The constitution reduced the king’s excessive powers.

Credits:

Created with images by FaceMePLS - "Metro Bastille - Paris" • Vasnic64 - "Evocation maritime, sabre d'abordage Arsenal Cassaignard de Nantes - France" • cdrummbks - "reign of terror" • kevinpoh - "The Lion of Lucerne" • Renaud Camus - "Le Jour ni l’Heure 6628 : Léon Cogniet, 1794-1880, Louis-Philippe & ses fils (duc de Chartres, bientôt duc d’Orléans, et duc de Nemours), dét. de “Louis-Philippe et son état-major”, 1830, musée d’Orléans, Loiret, mardi 7 août 2012, 14:57:40" • tonynetone - "Napoleon" • WikiImages - "napoleon bonaparte france emperor"

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