In 338 B.C.E. the Greek empire had grown due to Phillip of Macedon's conquests. This strong ruler would only rule for a couple years until he was assassinated. This would leave Greece without a leader. In this part of the world, Greece would need a stronger leader than Phillip ever was.
Aristotle was a philosopher in the time of Phillip of Macedon. He was very wise and his knowledge of a wide variety of subjects would make him a great tutor. A tutor is what he became to a very young Alexander.
Alexander was a 20 year old man at the time of his succession in 336 B.C.E. His fathers untimely death would open the doors to kingdom that Alexander could only dream of. Alexander's rise to power was a brutal one. He would not tolerate any dissent. Those who were opposed were executed.
Just to the east of Greece was another empire. The empire of Persia led by King Darius the third, was a massive empire more than twice the size of Alexander's Greece. The Greeks would have quite a task to subdue such an established empire. Their leader could not waiver or falter if they were to succeed.
Alexander was an excellent military leader. Maybe it was because of the teachings that Aristotle instilled in him or maybe it was just his natural instincts that made him an excellent general. He was able to be a tactician in the heat of battle. Executing commands while following the changes in the course of battle to victory after victory. He would take Issus against great odds in 334 B.C.E.
After the conquest of northwestern Persia, Alexander would march towards Egypt. He established the city of Alexandria. The great library of Alexandria id pictured above. His name remain upon the city to this very day,
Alexander was a man with lofty goals and he was not satisfied with his kingdoms expansion. He would fight long and hard to the east. Chasing and vanquishing the Persians along the way from Afghanistan to India. At the time of 326 B.C.E. Alexander and his army decided that their conquest would end.
Once an Empire has finished conquering there only remains one thing. The focus is shifted towards ruling the people's whom you have conquered. With many diversities along the way, Alexander's kingdom would have much unrest. He adopted many of the ruling styles of the Persians. His desire was that the Greek culture would dominate and become the main influence over the land.
The grape is just a fruit. This fruit however, can be an extremely influential piece of food when it is reduced to wine. Alexander had given himself over to its influence in such great splendor that it would eventually weaken his body. Alexander would become sick and his body gave out. He died in 323 B.C.E. at the young age of 33.
A kingdom without a king will soon find many rulers. As news of Alexander's death spread throughout the land, many successors would try to claim it for their own. Alexanders prized city Alexandria would be taken by Ptolemy one of his generals. The others would lay claim to other regions from India stretching all the was back to Greece itself.