Spanish 2 Project By: Chantal Robinson

In the yo form

caer (to fall )- yo caigo

traer (to bring ) - yo traigo

caber (to fit ) - yo quepo

hacer (to do, make ) - yo hago

poner (to put, place) - yo pongo

saber (to know something )- yo sé

salir (to leave )- yo salgo

valer (to be worth) - yo valgo

ver(to see) - yo veo

decir (to say, to tell ) - digo

tener - (to have, to be ) -tengo

oír (to heart listen) - oigo

Interrogative Word

Interrogative are words that form questions. Question formed using interrogatives need more then a "yes or no" answer. They required informations.

Here are the interrogatives words below :

The Spanish interrogative words all have accent marks. If they didn't have them , the word would all have different meanings.

For example : qué means "what", but que without the accent mark means "that"

Below are example of the interrogatives words use in a sentence.

1. Dónde está el bano?

2.Qué te gusta tomar?

3.Cuál es mío

4.Por qué preguntas?

5. Quién es Sally ?

6. Cómo estás?

7. Cuándo terminas?

8. Cuánto cuesta la corbata

9. Cuántas chicas hay en la clase_

10. Cuánta moneda tiene Ud?

11. De dónde es Rachel?

12. Adónde va Aubree?

Cuánto Tiempo hace que ?

Cuánto tiempo+ hace que + present tense verb

Cuánto tiempo hace que = How long as someone been doing something

Example: Cuánto tiempo hace que que eres miembro del corro ?

Translation : How long have you been a member of the choir ?

Hace + period of time + que + present tense verb

Hace cuánto tiempo que = It been ____ time that someone has been doing that.

Hace cuatro meses que soy miembro del club atlético

Translation : I have been a member of the athletic team for four months.

Saber vs Conocer

Saber is used to talk about facts , information , and learned skills.

Saber Conjugation Chart

Example of saber use in a sentence: Rachel sabe nada de inglés.

Conocer means to know a person or be familiar with a place or thing .

Conocer Conjugation Chart

Example of conocer use in a sentence : Conoces a mi amiga Tamera ?

Stem Changer

There are 4 types - E > IE , E > I , O > UE , and U > UE

Stem changing Verb to Learn

1. Jugar- to play

2. Empezar - to begin

3. Sentirse - to feel

4. Querer - to want

5. Pensar- to think

6. Perder - to lose

7. Costar - to cost

8. Mover- to move

9. Probar - to prove

10.Preferir - to prefer

11. Tener - to have

12. Poder- to be able to

13. Volver- to return

14. Dormir - to sleep

15. Pedir - to ask, to request, to order

Example of Dormir conjugation o - ue

Dormir mean to sleep

Positive/Negative Words

Example of Affirmative - Alguno hombres están lavando el coche.

Example of Negative - No tenemos nada.

In Spanish when we say we--- each other , they ----each other, we are using reflexive verb.The verb reflects a reciprocal action back on the subject ( back to each other ).

Reflexive verb pronouns are like object pronouns in that they come before the verb or are attached to an infinitive.

When conjugate put pronoun in front .

Sentence that contains a reflexive pronoun and one or more object pronouns , the reflexive pronoun precedes the object pronouns .

Reflexive pronoun -- Indirect object pronoun --- direct object pronoun

Example : Me llamo Chantal

Te llamas Rachel

Se llama Aubree

Example : Yo necesito cepillarme los dientes

List of Reflexive Verbs

There are two types off Spanish possessive adjectives: short and long form.

Short form possessive adjectives are the most common way to express possession. They must agree with the moon they describe in gender and number.

Short - form posse vise adjectives are always placed before the noun they modify and are not used with a definite or indefinite article.

Example : Mi libro

Mis bolsas

Long Form Possessives

Long - form possessive are used to emphasize the owner of something, to contrast one with owner with another, or to emphasize a personal relationship. They are place after the noun.

Example : Dónde están esos zapatos tuyos ?


Its use to talk about past events and facts that happened at a specific point in time . Many of the verbs in the preterite that are irregular have the same pattern. They change the stem of the verb into a different stem , and then all f them add the same set of ending.

  • 1- Uno
  • 2- dos
  • 3-tres
  • 4- cuatro
  • 5- cinco
  • 6-seis
  • 7- siete
  • 8- Ocho
  • 9- Nueve
  • 10- diez
  • 11- once
  • 12- doce
  • 13- trece
  • 14-catorce
  • 15- quince
  • 16- dieciseis
  • 17- dieciete
  • 18- dieciocho
  • 19- diecinnueve
  • 20- Viente
  • 21- Ventiuno
  • 22- Veintidos
  • 23- veintitres
  • 24- veinticuatro
  • 25- Veinticinco
  • 26- veintiseis
  • 27- Veintisiete
  • 28- Veintiocho
  • 29-Veintinueve
  • 30- trenta
  • 40- trienta
  • 50- Cincucenta
  • 60- Sesenta
  • 70-setenta
  • 80- Ochenta
  • 90- noventa
  • 100 - Cien

Quē hora es ? - What time is it ?

The time start with son las if its after one.

Through 1 -1:59 , you would start with es la una.

  • media - half: 30 mins
  • Cuarto-1/4 : 15 min
  • Menos -Minus
  • hora-hour
  • minuto-minute
  • example : 3:50 son las tres y cincuenta
  • 2:00 - Son las dos
  • 10:00 - son las diez
  • 2:05 - son las dos y cinco
  • 3:30 - son las tres y media
  • 2:45 - son las tres menos cuarto
Regular er/ir/ar verbs

You have to conjugate the word for it to make sense. For example the sentence "Usted ______________ (vivir), you have to conjugate vivir to make sense with usted. You have to drop the "ir" in end of Vivir and add "ió" at the end of Vivir. Which becomes "Vivió". The sentence is now "Usted _vivió__".


"Ser" and estar means to be and they are both use different.

Example of how they are use different.

Example of "Ser"

  1. Yo soy Chantal. - Description
  2. Ella son doctoras- Occupation
  3. El es de Salisbury -Origin
  4. Son las tres y media - Time
  5. No somos buenas amigas - Relationship
  6. Eres muy artistico. - Characteristics

Example of "estar"

Condition - Chantal está enferma

Location- Aubree y Jackie están en mi dormitorio.

Position – Ella está en la parte superior del edificio

Actions – Ellos estabon corriendo

Emotions – Ella está enojada.


Created with images by ShonEjai - "background graffiti spanish" • geralt - "school board empty" • jill111 - "stack of books vintage books book" • jessica45 - "sticky notes blank sticky note" • Ross Elliott - "PostItNote 0209 1556" • Pezibear - "human children girl" • Michał Grosicki - "(Product)RED" • TeroVesalainen - "thought idea innovation" • Thought Catalog - "Taking notes with a pencil" • Dmitry Ratushny - "Through the reading glasses" • PublicDomainPictures - "brush oral care" • stux - "black board chalk traces" • Wokandapix - "teach education school" • morebyless - "Numbers" • Alexas_Fotos - "the eleventh hour time to rethink disaster"

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