In Pope Francis' letter, Laudato Si, to the Bishops of the Catholic Church, he calls for the attention and focus on climate change. He urges us to take notice of the impact every individual has on the environment, and emphasizes God's calling to protect, respect, and save our sister, planet Earth. One topic that he goes into surrounds the water crisis that currently affects hundreds of millions of people world wide.
Not having access to clean drinking water has severe consequences, especially on young children who are most vulnerable to disease, or worse, death. According to the ThirstProject, everyday 4,100 children under the age of 5 die from water related illness. Without water, there is no efficient way of creating sustainable agriculture production, and leads to food shortages and malnutrition.
Because of this lack of water, it has been estimated that children spend 6-8 hours collecting water every day. Women cannot get jobs due to the fact that they walk about 3.75 miles to collect water to provide to their family. Due to this time-consuming yet absolutely necessary task, economic development is hard in countries where the water crisis hits.
WATER HYGIENE + DISEASE
Many diseases and illnesses arise from not having access to clean drinking water. These diseases include cholera, diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid, and more. Each year over 200 million people are affected by parasitic disease through contaminated water. Such disease has detrimental effects on those suffering from a lack of clean drinking water. According to the World Health Organization, about 1.4 million deaths are accounted for every year from diarrhea alone. These deaths are preventable. With readily available access to water, more hand-washing and hygiene tactics can be done to prevent fecal-related illness and contamination.
According to the United Nations (UN), "Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status". All human beings are entitled to such rights and are universally protected.
As of July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly recognized water and sanitation as a human right. This means that everyone should have sufficient access to it whether it is for domestic or personal use. Is must be safe and affordable, as well as accessible. Recognizing the human right to clean water is just the first step in moving forward to ending extreme poverty and disease in our world.
Created with images by sasint - "children river water" • gunthersimmermacher - "pope francis audience vatican" • Chinh Le Duc - "untitled image" • Jon Flobrant - "untitled image" • Tama66 - "fountain water flow" • josemdelaa - "source jet drops of water" • James Coleman - "untitled image" • Jeff Ackley - "untitled image" • Jeff Ackley - "untitled image" • Jeff Ackley - "untitled image" • 947051 - "water pump old man" • mrjn Photography - "untitled image"