DISCUSS THE MALAYSIA PERSPECTIVE AND INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST. Ainin Sofiya binti Mat Zaki (E15A0006)

Sustainable forest management is the management of forest according to the principle of sustainable development. Sustainable forest management has to keep the balance between the main pillars, ecological, economic and socio-cultural. There are many conservation and management challenges for sustainable forest, which are, pollution, temperature increase, illegal hunter, opening new land, forest fire and deforestation. International perspective on sustainable forest management are Rio conventions, Agenda 21 and Forest principles. International objectives on forests are reverse the loss of forest cover, increase the area of protected forests and other areas of sustainably managed forest and enhance forest-based economic, social and environment benefits. They held the national forest programmes which is framework for developing and implementing comprehensive forest policies in pursuit of sustainable forest management at the country level. For Malaysia perspective, we had gazetting of forest reserves and national park in each state in Malaysia such as forest reserves Bukit Bakar, forest reserves Royal Belum and national park of Kelantan. Besides, we also do the replanting of trees to create the sustainability of forest endangered by illegal logging, deforestation and forest exploitation. Malaysia is aware of the need to manage sustainably its forest, not only for socio-economic benefits but also for climatic, ecological and environmental stability. It strongly believes in the principle in the principle of sustainable management and is openly committed to maintain its permanent forest estate and the network of conservation areas.

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