The Life of Prophet Mohammed CD 5 - Important Events

In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful!

CD 5 Important Events

The next important event is the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Khadija. Khadija was a well-known and prosperous woman in Mecca. She was wealthy. She wasn’t married. She was older in age. And she used to hire men to travel for her and do business, because you know that the trade of the people of Mecca used to be based on traveling to Yemen and Syria, Al-Sham. Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) describes that in SURAH QURAISH (106:1-2) (Note 1)

For the accustomed security of the Quraysh
Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer
Trade Route to Yemen & Al-Sham
Traveling for Business

They had a journey in winter and a journey in summer. One to Yemen, and one to? Al-Sham. So, Khadija would hire men to work for her, and take care of her business. She happened to hire Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), she heard about his honesty. And she was running into trouble with a lot of men, not being honest. So, she wanted to hire somebody who was trustworthy. She heard about Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), so she hired him. And she had her servant accompany Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Her servant’s name was Misara. Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) went to Al-Sham, did the business for her, came back. Misara reported back to his master. Misara went to Khadija and told her, ‘This man’s, his trustworthiness and honesty is amazing, it’s outstanding.” And he was praising Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Well, Khadija (ra) became very interested in Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). I mean his character was admirable. Khadija (ra) who was a wealthy woman, who was sought after by the noble men of Quraish, she said, “I want to marry you”. And Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) agreed. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was 25 and she was 40. The difference was 15 years. She was his senior. And Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) never married anyone else before Khadija (ra) passed away. All of the children of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) were surviving children of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), were from Khadija. Fatima was the daughter of Khadija (ra).

An outstanding role model for all the true believers!

She bore six children for him. They were; Zainab, Ruqayya, Umm-e Kulthum, Fatima, Al-Qasim and Abdullah. And none of them ended up having descendants except Fatima (ra), and that is where the lineage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is continuing, through the descendants of Fatima and Ali. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) loved her so much and, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) kept his loyalty to Khadija (ra) even after she passed away. He would always remember her, always mention her name, and that sometimes would cause jealousy among the other wives of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). But Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had so much love, and admiration to Khadija, and so much respect for her, because Khadija is the one who stood up and supported him, when everybody else betrayed Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). (Note 2)

Children of Zaynab & Ruqayah died without carrying on the lineage.

Aisha (ra) was the most beloved to Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) after that, she would sometimes feel this jealousy. It says in Bukhari and Muslim, that Aisha said, “I did not become jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) except Khadija, and I had not seen her.” The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to at times slaughter a sheep and say, ‘send it to the friends of Khadija.’” So not only did Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) always remember her, he kept on maintaining a relationship with the friends of Khadija. “And one day I angered him, when he said that by replying out of jealousy of Khadija, so he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘I have been given by Allah her life.’” Once we mentioned the name of Khadija, so Aisha was upset. Rusool Alla (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) responded and said, “This is something from Allah (swt), I was given her life.” “It’s not something that I control.” “Allah (swt) put her love in my heart.” In another hadith narrated by Ahmed At-Tirmidhi, Aisha (ra) said, “The Messenger of Allah used to many times not leave his home, without praising Khadija. This is amazing, how much love Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had for her. One of the days he praised her, and out of jealousy, I said, “Was she not but an elder woman, that Allah has replaced her for you with what is better.” He became angered and said, “No! By Allah, he did not replace me with anyone better. For she had faith in me, when the people rejected, she believed me, when the people belied me. She made comfortable with what she had, when the people denied me and Allah has blessed me with children from her.’”

Narrated Aisha (ra): "Never did I feel jealous of any wife among the wives of Allah's Apostle (saw) as I feel in case of Khadija (though I had never seen her), for he praised her very often."

Bites!
Sahih Muslim
Musnad Ahmed

Audio (5 min. & 26 sec.)

So Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would become angry when he would hear anything against Khadija (ra). And this shows us an aspect of the personality of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), his loyalty to the people who were close to him. This is years after Khadija passed away. I mean opportunist people and they take advantage of a person. And whenever that person was gone, that’s the end of that relationship. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would always remember his old friends or relatives; Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalllib, Khadija (Ra), Musab ibn Umair.

70 Companions Buried Here

These Sahaba, in fact, Subannallah, one amazing thing that brings a person to tears. Before Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) passed away, one of the last things he did, was go and visit the cemetery of his friends who died in the Battle of Uhud. Because 70 companions, who died in the battle of Uhud, when Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) felt that he would be leaving duniya soon, he went to the cemetery and made dua for them, and he was saying in that dua that, “soon we will meet.” Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was missing them so much. And he was asking Allah (swt) to bring him with them and to join them together in Jannah. So Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) has this strong relationship and loyalty. And he never forgot his wife Khadija who stood with him in moments of difficulty. He never forgot that. He would continuously make dua for her, and mention her name.

What more could anyone ask for?
What an Incredible Honor, Mashallah!

And Khaidja (ra) was a special person. Khaidja (ra), when she was living, Jibrael descended on Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and said, “Khadija is going to approach you now, and she is carrying for you some food. When she arrives, tell her, that Allah is giving her salaam, and tell her, that I am giving her salaam.” That is how special Khadija was. Allah (swt) sends down Jibrael (as) to tell Khadija, that I am giving Salam to you, and Jibrael is then adding his own salam to the statement. And telling Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), and tell her that Jibril is giving her his salams. And then, Jibrael (as) says, “And give her the glad tidings of a palace in Paradise.” So, she was granted a place in Jannah. Khadija (ra) is one of the four greatest women that ever lived. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) says, “That the greatest women that ever set foot on the face of the Earth are four; Mariam bint Imran, Khadija bint Khauwaylid, Fatima bint Muhammed, Aasiya bint Muzahim.” These are the greatest women.

Peace & Blessings Upon Them All!

Learn More About These 4 Amazing Women!

The Best Woman Who Ever Lived - The Mother of Jesus (Alehi wa salam)

The greatest among them is Mariam (as), by the verse in Qur’an. Al-IMRAN (3:42)

And [mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds”

Surat 'Al-Imran (Family of Imran) Chapter 3: Verse 42

Surah 3: Ayat 42

“Oh Mariam, Allah (swt) has chosen you above all of the women of the world.” By the statement of Qur’an.

Second is Khadija. She’s number two, so the second greatest women.

Number three, Fatima bint Muhammed (ra) and

Number four Asiya bint Muzahim (ra).

And all of these four women had something to do with a Nabi. Two of them were mothers of Anbiya, or actually, ones who brought up Anbiya. Mariam (as) brought up Issa, she was his mother. And Asiya, she brought up Musa (as). And then, Khadija was the wife of a nabi, and Fatima was the daughter of a nabi.

Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), number one, reached the age of 25, and he was, in his seerah, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was known as being chaste in an environment that is corrupt. and the reason why I’m bringing this up is because some of the orientalists, the ones who are professional enemies of Islam, they use that as a, their animosity towards Islam. It is there role in life. They try to attack the person of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). And one of the areas that they attack is his marriage life. They talk about, about his marriage to Aisha (ra), they talk about the fact that he married 12 women and they try to accuse Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) of being a womanizer. So, let’s look at the marriage life of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Let’s study it.

Prophet Mohammed's (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) Married Life

The Different Types of Relationships Before Islam

1. Number one, Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) reaches to the age of 25 in an environment where (zina) adultery and fornication was widespread. You might have read the hadith of Aisha, which was in Bukhari, in which she talks about the four different relationships that existed between men and women. One of them is the traditional marriage, the other one was brothels that were legal in Mecca and they would have flags on top of them as signs for anyone who is interested in this corrupt behavior. And then they had this other type of relationship where a woman would sleep with a group of men, that could go up to 10 and then if she becomes pregnant and she delivers, then she can call these men in and say that, she could just pick anyone out of them and say that you are the father of the child. They had this strange relationship where a man would allow his wife to sleep with a noble man in order to have some noble lineage.

So, it was quite a corrupt environment. A young man would party and sleep with women that they have no legal relationship with. Rusool Allah (saw) lives up to the age of 25, and he was able to fight the tide, and stay away from all of this corruption. All the way till he reached the age of 25. So, that’s number one.

2. Number two, at the age of 25, he chooses to marry a woman, who is 15 years older than himself, and she is a widow, or divorced. Now Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) being from the noble family of Banu Hashim, he could have chosen for himself any woman he wanted in Mecca. And if he was interested in these desires, he would have chosen for himself a young woman to marry, rather than marrying a lady who is 15 years older than him. She was 40 years old when Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married her.

3. Number three, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) remains with (Khadija) Ayesha (ra) until he reaches the age of 50. And we know that the age in which men would have strong desires towards a woman would be from a young age till around the age of 50. I mean, that’s the young age of a man when the desires will be the strongest. So, for Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to remain married to Khadija (ra), in a very happy marriage. And is not reported at all that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had any intentions of marrying anybody else. He didn’t even contemplate the idea. There are no reports of that. So, for Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to continue with Khadija (ra) from the age of 25 to the age of 50, it is a clear indication that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had none of those thoughts in his mind. And I think this completely destroys that argument.

Quite old in age, gave up her nights to Aisha (ra)

Khadija (ra) passes away. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) remained as a bachelor for about 2-3 years. Later on, he marries another widow, Saida Sawdah (ra). The reasons for him marrying Sawda, are because Sawdah (ra) was in Abyssinia, she came back to Mecca, and her husband passed away. So, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) out of his care for his companions, he married her. Husband dies, she doesn’t have anyone to provide for her, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) marries her and she was quite old in age. Because later on, in Medina, we know that Sawdah (ra) ended up giving up her night to Aisha (ra), because she was very old of age. (Note 3)

Suddenly, within the last ten years of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married many women, to the extent that when he died he left behind nine widows. So how come this change? From the age of 25 to 50, he only married Khadija (ra). But then, within the last ten years of his life, well the last, it’s 10 years because for 2 or 3 years he was unmarried. For the last ten years of his life, he marries and he leaves behind nine widows. What is the reason?

Reasons Why Prophet Mohammed (sal Allahu Alahi wa Sallam) Married

Forging Alliances

1. Number one; Forging alliances with different tribes. When we study the marriage life of Rusool Allah(sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) we need to look at the life of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) comprehensively. The Messenger of Allah, Mohammed (saw) devoted all of his efforts, underline (all), all of his efforts for the promotion of Islam. Everything that he would do, even his decisions in marriage would be based on the benefit of Islam. Whatever Rusool Allah (saw) did in his life, the intention of it was to promote the religion of Allah (swt). He wouldn’t do anything purely to satisfy his human desires. He would do it to please Allah ( عز وجل). Therefore, we need to look at his marriage life in this light. He married a few of his wives to forge alliances with different tribes. To bring them closer to Islam, like his marriage of Juwairiya, which ended up making the whole tribe of Banul Mustaliq become Muslim. Notes 4 & 5

Caring for His Companions

2. Number two; caring for his companions, his followers: like the example we gave of Sawdah (ra).

Strengthen Ties with Close Companions

3. Number three; Rusool Allah (saw) wanted to strengthen his ties, with his closest companions. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had a strong brotherly feeling towards his companions, and there was a special group among them, whom Rusool Allah (saw) wanted to have a stronger relationship, and this is not only an Islamic brotherhood, but to add to it family ties. And for someone who did not experience Islamic brotherhood, it’s difficult for them to appreciate this. What if you have lived like Rusool Allah (saw) with his companions for 23 years? What bond would develop between them? They were, Subannallah, together in moments of ease and moments of difficulty. On the battlefields and in times of peace, they would eat together, they would travel together. They, the relationship that Rusool Allah (saw) had with the Sahaba (ra) was so strong. When we get into the Madina era, and we talk about the time which Rusool Allah (saw) passed away and the feelings that were in Medina. The feelings of loss that the people of Medina had, it is something that we cannot even describe. So, Rusool Allah (saw) wanted to strengthen the relationship between him and his close companions.

Leadership After Prophet Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)

Audio 17 min. & 30 sec.)

So Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married the daughter of Abu Bakr (ra) and he married the daughter of Umar bin Khattab (ra). And he married his daughter to Uthman bin Affan. And when his daughter of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) passed away, he married Uthman (ra) another of his daughters. And then she passed away. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “If I had 99 daughters, I would marry them to Uthman bin Affan one after another.” Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) wanted to have this relationship between him and Uthman bin Affan. And he married his most beloved daughter Fatima (ra) to Ali bin Abu Talib. So now he had a family relationship between him and the four Caliphat. Abu Bakr, Omar, Uthman and Ali.

4. Number four; And this is very important! Conveying the religion: We are to follow the sunnah of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). He had a sunnah as a statesman, a sunnah as a teacher, a sunnah as an Imam, a sunnah as a military leader, and he has a sunnah as a family man. Now we have hundreds of companions to convey to us his sunnah as a statesman. We have hundreds of companions to tell us how he acted as a military leader. We have hundreds of companions to tell us how he was as a teacher and as an Imam. How many do we have to tell us how his family life was? How many? Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did not have a lot of children that survived him, only Fatima (ra).

Sunnah = The Ways of Prophet Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)

Who Conveyed the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammed

(sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) at Home?

So, who would convey to us his family life? It is his wives. Now if Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) only had one wife,

First of all, it will be difficult for this one wife to have to recall every aspect of the family life of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).

Number two, she could easily be discredited, because there is only one source. And we know that Abu Huraira, we know the vicious attacks being directed at Abu Huraira (ra), because the enemies of Islam know that if they can destroy the credibility of Abu Huraira (ra) then they can completely destroy over 5,000 of the sayings of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). By discrediting one man, they could undermine 5,000 of the adhadith of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). And we already know that, that has happened for a fact. There is an attack on Abu Huraira (ra).

• And the family life of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is one of the most important aspects of his sunnah because it relates to every one of us. Not every one of us, will be an Imam, not everyone will be a military leader, not everyone will be a statesman, not everyone will be a teacher. But almost everyone in the ummah will be a member of a family. So, how will they learn on how to conduct their lives as members of a family without receiving information about how Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was a family man?

The Wives of Our Prophet Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)

May Peace & Blessings Be Upon Them All

Therefore, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had multiple wives, so they could convey to us this body of knowledge of how Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) acted in his private life. Many of the sunnan relating to how Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) treated his wives, how he treated his servants, how he ate, how he dressed, how he would spend his time at home, his ibada at night. That was all conveyed to us by the wives of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). So, it’s not only limited to the section of family sunnan, but it also relates to the ibada. How Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would spend his night. How do we know that? It was through the wives of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). So, having multiple wives, first of all, they compensate each other. So, if one of them forgets, the other would remember. Number two, you have more than one chain of narrations, coming through multiple sources, rather than one. And number three, it becomes impossible to discredit because now you have more than one person involved. And that is an extremely important thing for us.

And remember Allah (عز وجل) has sent Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) as a living embodiment of Quran. And therefore, Allah (swt) granted that his sunnah would reach to us. Because it’s part of the promise of Allah’s (swt) to protect Qur’an. The protection of Qur’an is not only that the words of Qur’an will be protected, but also part of its interpretation by Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would survive. And that was done through the Sahaba (ra), and most importantly, through the wives of Rusool Allah (swt). So, for us, it was very critical for the Ummah, that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had multiple wives. And that’s why he was excluded from the ruling of having four or less. Allah (swt) had allowed him to have more because of the special circumstances of Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). This was done and destined by Allah (swt) as a protection of His Religion.

It was Commanded in Qur'an! SURAH AHZAB in (33:37)

Now the two most controversial marriages of Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) are his marriages to Aisha and, his marriage to Zainab bint Jahsh. These are the most targeted marriages by Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). We don’t have a lot of complain about his marriage with Um Salama, or Um Habiba, or Sawda. But there is a lot of attack directed at his marriage to Aisha (ra) and Zainab bin Jahsh. Aisha (ra) because Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married her when she was at the age of six, and the marriage was consummated at the age of nine. And the attack against Zainab is because she was married to his adopted son, and then Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married her later on. So, these are the two marriages where you have a lot of controversy. So, let’s look at these two particular cases.

SubhanAllah, it so happens that the two particular marriages that are targeted, are the only two marriages of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) that were divinely instructed. None of the other marriages of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) were instructed by Allah except these two. His marriage to Zainab was instructed in Qur’an in SURAH AHZAB in (33:37)

Surah 33; Ayat 37

And [remember, O Muhammad], when you said to the one on whom Allah bestowed favor and you bestowed favor, "Keep your wife and fear Allah ," while you concealed within yourself that which Allah is to disclose. And you feared the people, while Allah has more right that you fear Him. So when Zayd had no longer any need for her, We married her to you in order that there not be upon the believers any discomfort concerning the wives of their adopted sons when they no longer have need of them. And ever is the command of Allah accomplished.

When Zaid left her, we commanded you to marry her. So, it’s in Qur’an.

You cannot pick and choose which dreams to believe in!

And the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Aisha (ra) was divinely inspired through the dream Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) saw. And this dream is mentioned in Bukhari. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) says, “Jibrael came to me and I saw you (Aisha) covered behind a silk curtain, or you were wearing a silk dress. And when I would uncover you, this is before Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) marries her, when I uncovered you, I saw you. And Jibrael told me, ‘this is your wife.” So Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) saw a woman, and when he took a look at her, it was Aisha. And then Jibrael told him, this is your wife in duniya and in Akhirah.’” And Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) saw this dream twice. And we know that the dreams of the Anbiya are revelations. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, that the dreams of Anbiya are revelations. So, the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Aisha is instructed by Allah, and the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Zainab was instructed by Allah.

So, we have two types of people, who would attack this. One type would be Muslims who have weak faith, and they wonder how Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would do something like this. The response to them would be, it wasn’t Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) that did it. He was commanded by Allah to do it. So, as a Muslim do you believe in the commandments of Allah or not? It was an exceptional situation that is not allowed for you. That’s why it is not part of the sunnah of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to, we cannot marry more than four. It’s not part of the sunnah that we follow. And also, His situation with Aisha (ra), is also something that is not allowed for us. It was an exceptional that was allowed for Rusool allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) for particular reasons, which I will talk about. But for Muslims, this would be the response. That these were divinely commanded by Allah (عز وجل), therefore, we have no right to question them. It wasn’t something that was initiated by Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). It was done by Allah.

Now for the ones who are not Muslim, and who are attacking Rusool Allah’s (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and saying that this is an act of, all of the horrible accusations that are directed at Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). The response will be that your problem is not really Rusool Allah married to Aisha. Your problem is that you don’t believe he’s the Messenger of Allah. You don’t believe that he’s receiving revelation. So, your problem runs deeper. The issue of bringing up Aisha is just a front in order to attack Islam. Even if Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) didn’t do it, you would still be attacking. You could say that this was divinely instructed, but the response will be, how convenient it is, whenever there is something strange, you say that God commanded it. That could be a response. I mean, so these particular two marriages that we are attacking, you say that God was the one who instructed them. The response will be that we need to discuss the issue of if Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was a Prophet of Allah (swt) or not. And that would settle the argument. If he’s the prophet of Allah, then we have no right to question what Allah (swt) told him what to do. I mean, if, we establish that He was a Messenger of Allah. We say that he receives revelation from Allah, then whatever Allah (swt) tells him what to do, we should accept it. I mean, if Allah (swt) tells one of us to stand against the wall with one feet up in the air until we die, we have no right to question that. I mean, it’s God who is instructing us to do it. Who am I to go against what my creator wants me to do? the Creator of all the worlds. Allah owes nothing to us, and we owe everything to Him. Therefore, if something is instructed by Allah, I don’t think I have to understand why it is that I’m instructed to do this. I just have to do it. So, I hope that we get the point here. Is that the enemies of Islam are attacking the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Aisha (ra), even if that didn’t happen the attacking would still continue because their problem is that they don’t believe in Islam. They don’t believe that Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is a Messenger of Allah. They don’t believe that He was receiving revelation from Allah. So, it’s pointless to argue on the point of Aisha (ra), because there is a major problem. And that is they don’t accept Him all together.

Believe!

And that would take us back to the accusations of Quraish that were thrown at Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Allah ( عز وجل ) revealed (Surah Al-An’am)

Surah 6; Verse 33

"We know that you, [O Muhammad], are saddened by what they say. And indeed, they do not call you untruthful, but it is the verses of Allah that the wrongdoers reject."

They are not disbelieving you, they are disbelieving in the message of Allah. They are attacking you because you are the Messenger. They’re not attacking your personality just because of your personality, they’re attacking you because you’re conveying the message of Allah to them. So, these are attacks that are hurdled at Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) are because He is the Messenger of Allah (swt)

Now, the marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Aisha (ra), how come it was so important? Let me make this statement first. One of the greatest blessings of Allah on us as Muslims, again, one of the greatest blessings of Allah on us as Muslims is that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married Aisha (ra). This particular marriage that some people, who have doubts in their heart, due to the fact that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married a girl who is 6 years old, they do not realize that it would have been a disaster on the Ummah, if Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did not marry Aisha (ra). It is one of the best things that happened to us.

Aisha (ra) had a mind of a scholar; she had very bright mind, very intelligent. And she had an inquisitive nature. Aisha (ra) describes herself and says, “The companions of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to hear the hadith of Rusool Allah and they would immediately follow it, while I would ask Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) questions about it.” Aisha (ra) being the wife of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and being the most beloved of his wives, had this informal relationship with Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), so she could afford to question him and ask him. While the others were very respectful of Rusool Allah, and they wouldn’t dare do that.

You Go Girl!

So, it needed somebody who had this intimate relationship with Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to be able to ask questions and able to inquire of the certain statements of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).

And you remember we talked about Amr bin Aas, and we said how much he loved Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). And when he was dying he said, “If you would ask me to describe the, to you Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), I wouldn’t be able to do so because I had so much love, and admiration and respect for him, I lived with him for years, and I couldn’t even look him straight in the eye, because of the deep respect that I had for Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).” (Note 6)

But Aisha (ra) being very young playful at that age, and having a very close relationship with Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), Rusool Allah would say something, and she would ask, and she would argue with Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). No one else could afford to do that. So, we learned so much because of that. Plus, Aisha (ra) had the mind of a scholar. And she became one of the greatest scholars of Islam. Among the top seven narrators of hadith, Aisha comes number four. Aisha is one of the top seven narrators of hadith of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).

Top Hadith Narrators
Top Hadith Narrators

Number one is Abu Huraira, 5,000 plus. Number two, Abdullah bin Umar, 2,600. Number three, Anas ibn Malik. Number four, Aisha (ra), 2,200. (Notes 7, 8 & 9)

So, really the differences between rank four, three, and two is not much. Abu Huraira is the one who is outstanding, he’s almost double the second place.

Open any book of fiqh, it’s impossible to study a book of fiqh without going through the name of Aisha (ra), her narration and her opinions in fiqh. In every fiqh, Hanafi, Shafi, Hambali, Maliki. Aisha (ra), her knowledge is there. So, we have learned so much from Aisha (ra). It was the best thing of Allah, that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would marry Aisha (ra). And it was, just as it was a divine inspiration to Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), and maybe He didn’t think about it before. It was surprise to Abu Bakr. When Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) went and proposed to Abu Bakr that He wants to marry his daughter. Abu Bakr Siddiq was surprised. He (ra) said, “I am your brother.” Meaning we are very close in age. I am your brother. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “You are my brother, and your daughter is appropriate for me.” This was a command from Allah ( عز وجل). And Subannallah, it was a blessing from Allah ( عز وجل) on this Ummah. Sometimes, something would appear to be in a certain way, however, if we’d just did a little bit deeper, we would see something completely different. You might dislike something, but there is a lot of good for you in it. So, we should be very proud and happy that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married Aisha (ra), and we should be thankful to Allah (swt) that that happened. Rather than having these doubts in our hearts and having this fear and inhibition. It is a blessing of Allah ((عز وجل) on us.

Daughter of Abu Sufian

Just a final comment, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), did not marry any virgin women except Aisha (ra), and Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) never married any woman who is young except Aisha (ra). It was an exceptional case. If we want to study the married life of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) that was initiated by him, we need to look at every wife except those to Aisha and Zainab. And you’ll know who are the women Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married. Sawda, we forgot to mention Umm Habiba (ra). Umm Habiba, she’s the one who migrated to Abyssinia, and her husband Ubaidah bin Jahsh converted to Christianity, and she went through a miserable time, very difficult moments on Umm e Habiba, being the daughter of Abu Sufyan, the head of Quraish. So, later on, her husband passed away, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) sent a message, letter with Amr bin Umayya Ad Dhamri, to An-Najashi, asking An-Najashi to marry him (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to Umm Habiba (ra). Because Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had sympathy for what Umm Habiba went through. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) wanted to marry her, even though she was hundreds of miles of away. The scholars say that was the furthest marriage of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). She was in Abisyyinah and He was in Medina. That was symbolic, to a, first of all to take care of Umm Habiba, also Umm Habiba was the daughter of Abu Sufian, so Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) wanted to bring the staunchest enemies of Islam closer. He wanted to soften their stance. And when Abu Sufyan heard of the news that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married his daughter, even though, Abu Sufian was now the leader of the Quraish, he was their leader in fighting Islam, Abu Sufian was happy that this marriage took place. He said, “And who is better to marry than Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).” I mean, Abu Sufian knows the lineage of Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), so, that’s how he looks at it. This is the, from Banu Hashim, this is an honor for us to marry our daughter to someone from Banu Hashim. Our issue with Him, is because of religion. So, he was proud and happy that his daughter got married to Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). So, that softened Abu Sufyan a little bit. It brought them closer to Islam. And Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) also intended in taking of Umm Habiba (ra) in that difficult moment that she was going through.

A Widow

Another marriage was to Umm e Salama (ra). Umm e Salama (ra) also was one of the ones, who made hijrah to Abyssinia, then they came back they went to Medina. Later on, Abu Salama passed away; Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) married Umm e Salama. So, he would take care of the wives of his companions who died; and these are older women, but Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is the Father of this Ummah. Just like his wives are called Mothers of the Ummah.

What’s the name given to the wives of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)? The Mothers of The Believers. So, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) viewed himself as a caretaker of this ummah, even if he doesn’t have a direct blood-relationship with the members of this Ummah, he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) still felt that he’s their father. So, he would take care of their needy, he would take care of the hungry. And that’s a statement that, in the conversation that happened between Asmaa bin Masara and Omar Al-Khattab (ra), when Omar Al-Khattab said, “We have more wives of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) than you. Because we made Hijra before you.” Asmaa bin Masara, had just arrived from Abyssinia. Asmaa bin Masara responded by saying, “No, that’s not true.” You were with Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), he was feeding the hungry among you. And was teaching the ignorant among you. So Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was the father of this Ummah. And that is how his marriage life, even is a reflection of that.

(Audio 38 min & 42 sec.)

Flooding at Al-Kaaba

Flooding in 1941

Imagine!

An important event occurred during the prophet hood of Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). A flood has affected the structure of Al-Kaaba. Al-Kaaba is located in a low valley between mountains. And Mecca was once flooded. And the flood has caused cracks in the walls of Al-Kaaba. So, the people of Quraish felt the need to rebuild Al-Kaaba again. Now Al-Kaaba has been built and rebuilt five or four times, depending on who was the first to build it. There’s a difference in opinion on whether Ibrahim (as) was the first to build Al-Kaaba. Some scholars refer to our father, Adam (as) as the first one to build Al-Kaaba. However, the majority opinion is that it was Ibrahim (as) was who first built it.

Now the ones who say that Adam (as) was the first one to build it, say we are not contradicting Quran, because Quran says in Surah BAQARAH (2:127)

Surah 2 - Ayat 127

"And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], "Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing."

They say that Quran states that Ibrahim was raising the foundations of the house, meaning there was already something there, for him to raise above it. So, they say that the house, the foundation was established in the time of Adam (as). But the common belief among our scholars is was Ibrahim (as) who first built it. However, there is no dispute in the holiness of this House since it was created. I mean, all of our scholars say even if it wasn’t Adam who first built it, the place was sacred, was holy, and was visited by the Prophets of Allah. So, they say it use to be like a small hill which was destined as a sacred and holy place. And the Anbiya of Allah would visit it.

And we have references of quite a few Anbiya (as) visiting the House of Allah. There is a hadith that Hud (as) visited Al-Kaaba. There’s a hadith that states that Saleh visited, Nuh. And there’s a saying attributed to Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) that Isa (as), when he comes down, again, when he descends to Earth, His second-coming, he will make Hajj. So, it’s either Adam or Ibrahim (as) who first built Al-Kaaba, but it was, we all know it was the first House built for the remembrance of Allah. AL-IMRAN (3:96)

Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah - blessed and a guidance for the worlds.

The first House established for My Worship was the one in Mecca. Mecca is also another name for Makkah.

So, you have Adam and Ibrahim. Let’s start counting from Ibrahim (as). So, Ibrahim (as) is the first. Second time was this time that we’re talking about now. So, when Mecca was flooded. The people of Quraish wanted to re-build it. They gathered together, they had to tear it down. But none of them agreed to make that move. So, they were all waiting, getting ready with their equipment around Al-Kaaba, but no one wants to go ahead and start breaking it down, that is how much honor and respect they had for Al-Kaaba. And there’s a thing, at the time they were Mushrikeen. But they feared Allah (swt), and they thought that it’s a dangerous thing to tear down the walls of Al-Kaaba. And then, one of them said, “I will be the first to do it”. And he gathered all of his sons, and they came early in the morning. And they started bringing the rocks of Al-Kaaba down and they were saying, “Oh Allah, don’t be afraid, all what we want is good.” “Oh Allah, don’t be afraid, all what we want is good.” So, you can see their false understanding of the divinity of Allah (swt). I mean, they were trying to calm God by saying don’t be afraid, all what we want is good. Allah (swt) knows what’s in your heart, you don’t have to tell Him that. So, even though they believed in Allah, but they, in the terms of the attributes of Allah. They had some problems with that.

So, they brought down the walls of Al-Kaaba. Now it happened that there was a Roman ship that crashed on a port on the Red Sea close to Mecca. So, they brought some of the wood on that ship and there was a Roman builder who was on that ship, so they also had him help with the wood. So, this was the first time they made the roof of Al-Kaaba, the ceiling of Al-Kaaba from wood. They used some of the wood from this ship. Now the people of Quraish, they knew that money from interest was no good, and they made a decision that they’re only going to use halaal money in the re-building of Al-Kaaba. They’re not going to use money from interest or money from prostitution. Because at the time, to show their corruptness, and by the way, there’s a hadith narrated by Bukhari, that Aisha (ra) talks about the marriages that existed in Arabia. It’s on page 4 , you can refer to it later on. But the prostitution was something that existed. And you have men hiring their slave girls as an income generating source for them. But they knew that this was not good. They would do it, they would deal with interest, but they knew that this was not good. So, they decided that they are not going to use this money in the re-building of Al-Kaaba. Since they ran short of funds, they ended up shortened Al-Kaaba. You know Al-Kaaba was a bit of a rectangle, rather than a square. It was rectangular in shape. Because the people of Quraish ran short of funds, they ended up shortening Al-Kaaba from one side. So, they made it a square rather than a rectangle to save money. The area of Al-Kaaba which they left out, was what we refer today as Al-Hijr. The enclosed area in that seni-circle, if you’ve ever visited Al-Kaaba, you would see that on one side of Al-Kaaba there’s a semi-circle. That use to be part of the original building of Al-Kaaba. Also, Al-Kaaba had two gates, they made it one, and they raised the doorstep. So, now in order to get access to the door, you have to climb. The gate was made very high. (Note 10)

Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) says in a hadith “Don’t you know”, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is talking to Aisha, “Don’t you know that your people had insufficient funds for the expenses, if it were not for the fact that your people were only recently unbelievers, I would have torn down the Kaaba and made for it one door on the east and the other on the west. And I would have included the hijr area within it.” When Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) opened Mecca, he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was thinking about reconstructing Kaaba on the original foundations. But then he told Aisha (ra): “The reason I’m not going to do this is because your people just became Muslim, their Islam is soft, their iman is weak, and it might be a fitnah for them, it might cause them a problem if I reconstruct Al-Kaaba.” So, he didn’t do it.

Lesson

There’s an important lesson to learn from this hadith and that is that the daa’ia used to take the condition of the people into consideration. Even though Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) wanted to do this, but he didn’t, because he was worried that it would affect the iman of the people. So, as a person who is calling to Islam, you need to take into consideration the condition of the people that you’re directing the message to. Abdullah bin Musud says, “If you tell the people something that is beyond their comprehension, or understanding, or imaan it might be a trial for some of them.” It might cause a backlash with some people. Sometimes we throw out information on a particular subject which is absolutely true and valid but because the people are not ready for it yet, because their iman is weak, it causes a backlash with them. Somethings people are just unable to grasp.

Now Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that, “Your people (Quraish), the reason why they made the door of Al-Kaaba high is because they wanted to have control on who would go in and out.” It was an issue of power. They didn’t want to make the door low because it would be accessible to anyone. They made it high so they could control who would go in and out. It’s a matter of influence, having authority. So, the door of Al-Kaaba was raised. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “If I would rebuild it, I would lower the gate, and I would make for it two gates, so that the people come from one side and leave from the other.” Rather than having to come and out from the same door.

Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) participated in the rebuilding of Al-Kaaba, and at that time he was maybe around 35 years old, that’s a rough estimate. So now, the people of the Quraish are building the Kaaba, they reach the holiest part of Al-Kaaba which is, ‘the Black Stone.’ And now dispute erupts among them. Who will have the honor to place the Black Stone in its spot. Because when they were rebuilding Al-Kaaba, every tribe took responsibility of building one side of it. They all wanted to participate in this honor. But with the “Black Stone”, they disputed. Every tribe wanted to have the honor of putting it in its place. Banu Abdul Dar, they gathered all their men in front of Al-Kaaba with a pot of blood, and they placed it in front of everyone and they all stuck their hands in the blood and pulled it out. In other words, they were telling everyone that this is what will happen, if we don’t place the Black Stone in its place. So, it’s like pledging to die and to fight. We will do it, or otherwise, this is what will happen. Blood will flow. Even though that was a drastic measure, and quite a threat, but that wasn’t enough to deter others. Another tribe, they went and got their own pot of blood, and they started sticking their hands in and pulling it out. And then, everyone was bringing their own pots of blood and it was four or five days, they couldn’t solve the problem, and war was about to erupt between them. And then, the eldest man among them, Umayya, he has a suggestion. He came and said, “Let’s agree that the first man to walk in towards Al-Kaaba will be given complete authority in judging between us.” So they all gathered around Al=Kaaba, waiting for the first person to come in.

And the first person to walk in was Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). They all stoop up and said, “The truthful and the trustworthy, we all agree.” Now they had agreed that they would give complete authority to the first person to come in, but they were so happy that this the person was Muhammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Because they knew that he will not be biased in his ruling. Now it would be expected if someone came from a particular family he would give authority to his family to place it in its place. I mean, that was the expected thing, that we’re going to leave it randomly for the first one to come in and his family would take it. But when they saw that it was Mohammed (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), they were so happy because they know his fairness. So they told him we give you complete authority in solving this dispute.

Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) asked them to bring a robe, a piece of cloth. He (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) picked up the black stone, and he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) placed it on this cloth. And then, he asked a representative from each clan to hold the cloth from one side. And then, they all raised it up together in the same time; therefore. every one of them will participate in lifting the Black Stone. And when they all lifted it up, then he, with his blessed hands picked up the Black Stone and placed it in its place. So, it was Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) who put the Black Stone in its spot. So, that’s the second time, Al-Kaaba was re-built. (Note 11)

Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) opened Mecca, and then said, if it wasn’t for the fact that the people are new Muslims, I would have rebuilt it, on the foundations of Ibrahim (as). Years later Abdullah bin Az-Zubair became the Ameer of Mecca, he knew of this hadith, because Aisha (ra) was his aunt. Abdullah bin Az-Zubairs’s mother is Asma bin Abi Bakr, the sister of Aisha (ra). So, Aisha was his aunt. And he was familiar with this hadith. So, he decided to rebuild Al’Kaaba on the original foundations, because now the people have been Muslim for a long time. They are not new Muslims anymore, they will be able to handle the situation. He diecided that he’s going to rebuild Al-Kaaba, especially that Al-Kaaba was burnt, because Al Hajjaj bin Yousuf As-Saqafi has laid siege on Mecca. At that time, there was a war between Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and Banu Umayya in Syria. And the army general of Banu Umayya has laid siege to Mecca. And one of the catapults has hit Al-Kaaba, and it caused some damage and it burned. Now that damage could have been fixed without tearing down AL-Kaaba, but Abdullah bin Az-Zubair wanted to take advantage and rebuild Al-Kaaba on the original foundations, which he did. And he fulfilled the description that was given my Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) in the hadith. That he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would lower the gate, and have a east door and a western door, and expand the size of Al-Kaaba towards Al-Hijr, which he did. So, that’s the third time, Al-Kaaba was rebuilt.

Dimensions
Inside

Abdullah bin Az-Zubair ended up losing the war and he was killed. Al Hajja bin Yusuf took over. The khalifa at that time, Abdul Malik ibn Marwan, was not familiar with this hadith so he gave his commands to take back Al-Kaaba to the way it was before Abdullah bin Zubair. So, Al=Kaaba was shortened again according to the way the people of Quraish built it. After the Khilafah of Banu Umayya, Banu Abbas were the family of Khulafah. One of the Khulafa of Banu Abbas was thinking about rebuilding Al-Kaaba again, on the original foundations. And he consulted Imam Malik, Imam Malik told the Khalifa, and he gave him, he gave him a very wise answer. He said, “We don’t want Al-Kaaba to be a toy in the hands of Kings, they keep changing its size every now and then. Even though the plan of Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and his desire was to build it on the foundation of Ibrahim, but let’s keep it the way it is and not change it anymore.” So, ___ was going back and forth on the foundations of Ibrahim, and then the way Quraish built it, and then again on the foundations of Ibrahim. Imam Malik said that the people have known Al-Kaaba, and they know these stones the way they are, don’t keep on changing it. Keep it the way it is. And that was a very wise advice from Imam Malik, which the Khalifa followed. So, the Kaaba that we have today are built on the foundations of Ibrahim or the foundation of Quraish? Quraish. But that’s something good. Why? If Al-Kaaba was built on the original foundations of Ibrahim, we would have been deprived the chance of praying inside Al-Kaaba. But since it is shortened, that area which is enclosed by the semi-circle is actually part of Al-Kaaba. So, when you pray in that area, it is as if you have prayed inside Al-Kaaba. And we know that Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did pray inside Al-Kaaba. When he (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) opened Mecca, he prayed inside Al-Kaaba. He prayed eight rakats inside Al-Kaaba. So, now we have a chance to pray in Al-Hijr. Otherwise, you would have to get permission to get in Al-Kaaba. It would be very cumbersome and difficult. But now, we can pray inside Al-Hijr, and it will count as if you prayed in Al-Kaaba. (Notes 12 & 13)

Al-Kaaba Over the Last 100 years

Now over the time, the height of Al-Kaaba has increased, but the size of it has remained constant. Now with the stones that Al-Kaaba are built from, many of them are remnants of the original stones that were used by Ibrahim (as), but not all of them. Some other ones were introduced later by Quraish and others.

Amazing, Subannallah!

But the Black Stone is the original stone that was used by Ibrahim (as). The Black Stone has never changed. It is the original stone that was given to Ibrahim (as). And there are many stories about, the Black Stone, itself. Some say it was originated from Jennah. There is a hadith that is authentic, that says the Black Stone was white, but then it turned black because of the sins of the sons of Adam. And there is a hadith that says that the Black Stone is the right hand of Allah, on Earth. So the Black Stone is very special. It’s very honored, and it’s very respected. And it’s the only part of Al-Kaaba that is kissed and the only part of Al-Kaaba that is pointed at from a distance. Some people point out to the Yemeni corner, which is wrong. The Yemeni corner you can touch it when you’re passing by it, but one should not point towards it or greet it from a distance. That is only for the Black Stone.

So, this is the history of Al-Kaaba.

Spend Some Time Alone

The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would leave Mecca, and spend times, he would go out of Mecca, and spend time in the cave of Hira. In a mountain that is fairly close to Mecca, a few kilometers away from Mecca. Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would take with him provisions, some food, and he would go and stay in conclusion, solitude in this cave worshiping Allah (swt). And from the cave, it is said, that you are able to Kaaba in those old days. So, Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would spend days and nights, continuously, in the cave worshiping Allah before prophet hood. So, he knew Allah (swt), and he was worshiping Allah (swt) in that cave. And this was a chance for Rusool Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to do reflection and contemplation on the creation of Allah. And this was training for him (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Allah (swt), was training him through these moments of reflection and contemplation because they purify the heart.

Mt. Nour - Cave Al-Hira

Comments

And Saeed Hawwa, he comments on this, he says, “Solitude was the tradition of some who seek the guidance of Allah, with the remembrance of Allah, in worship. It was used to illuminate the hearts and remove its shadows by disconnecting it from its heedlessness and desires. Some would advise this in the beginning of the journey to belief as this was the example of Prophet of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) when he spent time in solitude before and at the beginning of his apostleship.” (Note 14)

Though as a Muslim, you are recommended to spent time alone in dhikr. For example early in the morning, after Asr, or between Asr and Maghrib on Friday. So, you spend time alone remembering Allah in solitude. And our scholars talk about the benefit of solitude.

Think About Your Life and Your Death

Now one should not go into the extremes of leaving the society completely, or immersing one’s self in society completely. He should have a middle road. So, you spend some time with people, socializing, but he also spent time alone between you and Allah. Qiyam ul-Layl is a chance for solitude, praying at night alone, when everybody is asleep. So, it is something between you and Allah. There is an element of sincerity there, that might not exist with other ibadat, that are done collectively. So, now you are doing this alone, nobody can see you, you are not showing off. Who are you doing it for? You are doing it for Allah. (Note 15)

A Meeting Between You and Allah (swt)

So, it’s very important for one to spend this time is solitude to purify the heart. Because the scholars say that too much of socializing, too much laughing, too much attachment to dunya, obscures the heart and throws veils on it. And the way to purify the heart is by spending some time worshiping Allah (swt) in solitude.

Keep Trying! Don't Give Up!

Allah (swt) says about Tafakkur in SURAH AL-IMRAN (3:190)

Surah 3 - Ayat 190

"Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding."

Surah 3 - Ayat 191

"Men, who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and laying down, or lying down on their sides. And contemplate the wonders of creation in the heavens and the Earth, with the thought, Our Lord, not for naught has Thou created all this. Glory to You. Give us salvation from the chastisement of the fire."

So, Allah (swt) is telling you that His Servants contemplate on the creation of the Heavens and Earth. And they say,

“Oh Allah, you have not created this in vain.”

There is purpose in creation.

There is wisdom in everything that exists.

Notes;

Note 1: Sūrat Quraish (Arabic: سورة قريش‎) (after the tribe of Quraish) is the 106th chapter of the Qur'an. It is a Meccan Sura consisting of 4 Ayat. It urges the Quraish tribe who dominated Mecca to serve God, who had protected them, for the sake of their own future. It is one of two Suras containing 4 Ayat; the other is Al-Ikhlas. It forms a pair with the preceding Sura, al-Fil, reminding the Quraish of the favors that God had bestowed on them. It is said that in Ubayy ibn Ka'b's copy of the Quran they were written together as a single Sura.

The Kaaba was central to the life of the Quraish, being a center of pilgrimage which brought much trade and prestige. Sura al-Fil describes how God saved the Kaaba from destruction, while Sura Quraish describes God as Lord of the Kaaba. It also urges the Quraish to worship God so that, among other things, he should protect them on their trading journeys.

Note 2; Khadija: She was the first person to accept Islam. Khadija's grandfather, Asad ibn Abd-al-Uzza, was the progenitor of the Asad clan of the Quraish tribe in Mecca. Her father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad, who died c.585,was a merchant. Her mother, Fatima bint Za'idah, who died around 575, was a member of the Amir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh and a distant relative of Muhammad.

Note 3: Sawda bint Zam'aa (rah): Sawda bint Zam'a was the first woman to emigrate to Abyssinia with her first husband As-Sakran bin Amr, after being persecuted by the polytheists of Mecca. Her husband died either on the way back to Mecca or after arriving. Sakran left Abyssinia by sea with Waqqas to preach. Sawda and Sakran had a son, Abdur Rahman ibn Sakran, who was killed in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD. Rasulullah (saw) gave permission to Khawla to speak to Abu Bakr and to Sawda on the subject of their marriage. Rasulullah(saw) married her in Shawwal, in the tenth year of His Prophethood.

Note 4: Juwayriyya bint al-Harith (rah): She was the daughter of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar, the chief of Banu Mustaliq, who was defeated with his tribe in a battle. She was a wife of Muhammad (saw), and a Mother of the Believers. She married Muhammad (saw) in 628.

Note 5: Banu Mustaliq: The Banu al Mustaliq, allied to the Quraish of Mecca, were the subject to a pre-emptive attack by Muhammad (saw) in the month of Sha'ban of the year 626 (5 AH). Muhammad (saw) had received news that the tribe was gathering together against the Muslims under the leadership of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar. The Muslim force met the Banu Mustaliq in battle at a watering place called al-Muraysi‘ and defeated them soundly, taking the Mustaliq chief, al-Harith and others captive.

Note 6: Amr bin Al Aas (ra): Was an Arab military commander who is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640. A contemporary of Muhammad (saw), and one of the Sahaba ("Companions"), who rose quickly through the Muslim hierarchy following his conversion to Islam in the year 8 AH (629). He founded the Egyptian capital of Fustat and built the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As at its center.

Note 7: Abu Hurayra (ra): Also known as `Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi, Abu Hurairah spent 3 years in the company of the Prophet (Saw), and went on expeditions and journeys with him (saw). It is estimated that he narrated around 5,375 ahadith. Abu Hurairah was born in Baha, Yemen into the Banu Daws tribe from the region of Tihamah on the coast of the Red Sea. His father had died, leaving him with only his mother and no other relatives. His name at birth was Abd al-Shams (servant of the sun). However, as a child, he had a cat and became known as "Abu Hurairah" (which literally means "Father of the Kitten" or more idiomatically "Of the Kitten"). Abu Hurairah embraced Islam through Tufayl ibn Amr (ra). The chief of his tribe. Tufayl (ra) had returned to his village after meeting Muhammad (saw) and become a Muslim in the early years of his mission. Abu Hurairah was one of the first to respond to his call, unlike the majority of Tufayl's tribesmen

Note 8: Abdullah ibn Omar (ra): Abdullah ibn Omar : (c. 614 – 693) was the son of the second Caliph Umar ibn Khattab. He was a prominent authority in hadith and law, and was known for his neutrality toward factions engaged in the first civil war within the Muslim community (656-661).From an early age, Abdullah ibn Umar demonstrated a keenness to be associated with the Prophet in all his undertakings. He had accepted Islam before he was ten years old and had made the Hijrah with his father and his sister, Hafsah (Rah)

Note 9: Anas ibn Malik (ra): Was born 10 years before the Hijrah of Prophet Muhammad to the Bani Khazraj tribe of Yathrib. He was present in Madinah during Muhammad's time there and afterwards. He was the longest lived of the Companions of the Prophet, having died 93 years after the Hijrah.

Note 9: Amr bin Al Aas (ra): Was an Arab military commander who is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640. A contemporary of Muhammad (saw), and one of the Sahaba ("Companions"), who rose quickly through the Muslim hierarchy following his conversion to Islam in the year 8 AH (629). He founded the Egyptian capital of Fustat and built the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As at its center.

Note 10: Al-Hijr: A low wall originally part of the Kaaba. It is a semi-circular wall opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kaaba known as the hatim. This is 90 cm (35 in) in height and 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in width, and is composed of white marble. At one time the space lying between the hatim and the Kaaba belonged to the Kaaba itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the tawaf.

Note 11: Black Stone: is the eastern corner stone of the Kaaba. The pilgrims kiss the Ka'aba's eastern cornerstone (the black rock), and if they cannot kiss it, they point to it during circumambulation.

Note 12: Al Hajjaj ibn Yousuf: Arab administrator, politician and Minister of Defense of the Umayyad caliphate. Al-Hajjaj was born (661 AD) in the city of Ta'if in the Hijaz. He was a teacher of Quran to young students in Al-Taif. He migrated away from his city towards Damascus later on during his early life. Al-Hajjaj bin Yousef played a crucial role in the selection of military commanders. He instilled discipline in the soldier ranks which led to the successful expansion of the Islamic empire to its farthest extent. He ensured all important records were translated into Arabic, and for the first time he convinced Caliph Abd Al-Malik to adopt a special currency for the Muslim world.

Note 13: Imam Malik: Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik . Malik was born the son of Anas ibn Malik (not the Sahabi) and Aaliyah bint Shurayk al-Azdiyya in Medina circa 711. His family was originally from the al-Asbahi tribe of Yemen, but his great grandfather Abu 'Amir relocated the family to Medina after converting to Islam in the second year of the Hijri calendar, or 623 CE. According to Al-Muwatta, he was tall, heavyset, imposing of stature, very fair, with white hair and beard but bald, with a huge beard and blue eyes.

Note 14: Saeed Hawwa: Saeed Hawwa (1935–1989) was a leading member and prominent ideologue in the Muslim Brotherhood of Syria. Hawwa authored a large number of books that dealt with the proper organizational principles and structures for Islamist organizations, the proper spiritual and practical training for Muslim activists, and issues of interpretation, jurisprudence, and creed in Islam. As a high-ranking member of the Syrian Brotherhood, he was involved in the escalating unrest directed against the Ba`thist regime throughout the 1960s and 1970s and played a role from exile in the latter part of the Islamic uprising in Syria of 1976-1982.

Note 15: Qiyam ul Layl: Qiyam means 'standing' and ‘Qiyam al-Layl’ means 'standing at night'. In the Shari’ah term both terms refer to 'the voluntary night prayer, whose time extends after the Isha prayer (the last of the five obligatory prayers, whose time extends from the disappearance of the reddish light in the sky until the middle of the night) until dawn.’

This voluntary prayer is described as Qiyam al-Layl because it involves long standings, in which long portions of the Qur'aan are recited. Other common names for this prayer are 'Salaat al-Layl' (the night prayer), Tahajjud (from hajjada meaning awake at night), witr and Taraweeh (resting)

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