Civil Rights Boycotts By Jackson lang

What is a Boycott? – withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.

Examples of Famous Civil Rights Boycotts

  1. Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956)
  2. New Orleans Boycotts (1960-1961)
  3. Baton Rouge Bus Boycott (1953)

Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott occurred during the years 1955 and 1956 in Montgomery, Alabama. The boycott was organized by the NAACP and the MIA, with the goal to end segregation on busses in Montgomery.

New Orleans Boycotts of Dryades and Canal Street Stores and Lunch Counters

These boycotts occurred on two specific streets in New Orleans during the early 60s. The stores on these two streets had predominantly white owners, and would not serve blacks. The two main groups organizing these boycotts were the SCLC and the CLGNO.

Baton Rouge Bus Boycott

This boycott, commonly known by many as one of the first Civil Rights Boycotts, occurred during the year 1953. The purpose of this boycott was to prove that the laws forcing blacks to sit in the back of the bus, even if there were empty seats in the front, were un-constitutional.

Civil Rights Movement Qoutes

“The question is not if we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be. The nation and the world are in dire need of creative extremists.”

― Martin Luther King Jr.

"People always say that I didn't give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn't true. I was no tired physically... No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving."

– Rosa Parks

What do these Quotes Mean?

These Qoutes both talk about non-violenent resistance and boycotts of the of the unfair treatment blacks were receiving. I think that the first quote is saying that the world needs a new form of peaceful yet effective resistance, describing non-violence. The second qoute, said by Rosa Parks after her boycott of the bus system in Montgomery, shows that blacks were fed up with the unfair treatment they recieved and started to stand up and resist.

Blacks from Montgomery, Alabama, walking to work during the bus boycotts of 1955 and 1956.

Historical Inset

"The Montgomery Bus Boycott was significant on several fronts. First, it is widely regarded as the earliest mass protest on behalf of civil rights in the U.S., setting the stage for additional large-scale actions outside the court system to bring about fair treatment for African Americans. Second, in his leadership of the MIA, Martin Luther King emerged as a prominent national leader of the civil rights movement while also solidifying his commitment to nonviolent resistance."

– Inset from History.com

Connection with Another Event

The Civil Rights Boycotts are very similar to what Ghandi used to gain independence from Britain. The biggest similarity between these two is that they were both non-violent protests that forced the oppressing side to take action. Ghandi forced the British to either arrest him, which would have been unfair and caused an international backlash, or give India its freedom. The Civil Rights Boycotts forced the white community to either abolish the unconstitutional Jim Crow laws, or to arrest the leaders of the black community leading the boycotts.

Primary Source

Florida Star Newspaper Frontpage, 1955

Citations

1. History.com Staff. "Montgomery Bus Boycott." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

2. "Rosa Parks Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

3. Montgomery Bus Boycott." Montgomery Bus Boycott RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

4. Nakhoda, Zein. "Global Nonviolent Action Database." Global Nonviolent Action Database. N.p., 31 Jan

5. "The First Civil Rights Bus Boycott." African American Registry. African American Registry, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.