Social Organization: Module 5 Discussion Essa Bajalia - WOH2012

In a class system, individuals are capable of falling or rising from positions through their actions. In a caste system, they are forced to stay in whatever position they are born into (Pearson 2.4.2). Everyone acknowledged the power of the highest caste. No one would question their power even though it was only based off of heredity. However, this system did bring about consequences. The power usually remained within one caste so it was difficult to maintain a national unity. The lower castes were treated poorly by the higher castes and this led to suppression. Due to the fact that you were born into your role, the lower castes had no say in government talks or any talks in general. This made it the opposite of a democracy and caused disunity.

The "untouchables" were the lower castes. They were treated very unfairly. Their children were not allowed to be educated. They were not allowed to use public wells or ponds that the higher castes had access to. Women were also very neglected with the caste system. They were not allowed to receive higher education like the men were able to. In fact, some of these women were raped by men of higher castes, but they could do nothing about it because the higher castes always had the power and say. The low castes were still valued, as you can see from this video below.

Brahmanism

Brahmanism is an ideology and a way of life. Brahmanism is known to be the predecessor of Hinduism. It questions the reality of life and looks for a deeper meaning in things. This religion was actually developed from the earlier Vedic religion. Brahmanism came from the Indo-Europeans from the Caucasus Mountains. Most of the information about Brahmanism comes from the Rig Veda, which was one of the four books of knowledge. The religion says that humans must sacrifice to gods, and in return the gods must grant the desires of the humans, like a mutual obligation. If both the humans and gods behaved properly, they believed the world would function how it was supposed to. This gave the lower castes something to believe in and gave them an importance to life. The Atman was a very important part of Brahmanism. This was referred to as someone's soul. This idea of existence gave the caste system a good reputation because people believed they were born into the role their gods had planned for them and gave them a greater sense of purpose.

Works Cited

Joshi, Nikul. "Brahmanism." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2017.

James, Michele S. "Asia/Philosophy 105." Brahmanism. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2017.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. The world: a history. 3rd ed., vol. 1, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007.

Credits:

Created with images by AmberAvalona - "ganesh black and white photo mantra" • new 1lluminati - "religion is a region with a li(e) in it" • AmberAvalona - "ganesh sepia mantra"

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