Elizabethan Era Piper Schumsky Per.6

Religion

Quote #1: "Reformation was a religious movement of the 1500's that led to Protestantism. It had a tremendous impact on social, political, and economic life. Its influences are still felt today." (Ozment 1)

Commentary: Reformation was the beginning of the Protestant religion. It was started around the 1500’s and is still active today. The movement was created by a monk named Martin Luther who protested things he found wrong in Catholicism.

Quote #2: Serious abuses also had appeared in the church. The large administrative structure of the church required a great deal of money to support it. To get this money, the church used many devices that hurt its spiritual nature.(Ozment 5)

Commentary: Catholic church was abusing its power. The church was very large and took a great deal of wealth to support it. They started to sell important position and power in the community. The pope and clergy started to live like kings and man was not as likely to saved my mercy but by works.

Quote #3: "Martin Luther. The Reformation began within the Catholic Church itself. Luther believed that people could be saved only through faith in Jesus Christ. Only in Jesus could righteousness sufficient for salvation be found. Luther's view of religion placed a person directly before God, trusting God and relying on his forgiving grace. Luther taught that God justifies human beings. By that he meant that God makes them righteous through his kindness to them. This doctrine of justification by faith in Christ alone was the heart of Luther's belief. It contradicted the church's teaching of grace and good works as a way to salvation."(Ozment 12)

Commentary: Martin Luther's beliefs and stature as a religious figure helped push along the reformation. He believed that man was accountable to God. That position could not be bought and that God knew everything. God’s grace is the only thing that can save you. You can not do bad things and pay your way into heaven.

Quote #4: Elizabeth was born in 1533. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn . Elizabeth became queen in 1558. During Elizabeth’s reign, she achieved a religious settlement that established a moderately Protestant Church of England as the country’s national church. She also long avoided war with Europe's leading Roman Catholic nations. (Bumgardner 1)

Commentary: Queen Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Anne was Henry’s second wife and she was killed for not being able to bare a son for him. It is ironic that Henry tried so hard to have a boy and yet Queen Elizabeth went on to be very successful.

Quote #5: "Religious differences also caused conflict between the two nations. Spain was a Roman Catholic country, and most of England was Protestant. In the 1560's, the English began to aid the Dutch Protestants who were rebelling against Spanish rule. In the early 1580's, King Philip II of Spain started planning to send a fleet and army to invade England. He hoped to end the English raids and to make England a Catholic country" (Phillips 3)

Commentary: Spain was Catholic and tried to use power to force England to drop Protestantism and become catholic again, in hopes to end the English raids.

Theater

Quote #6: "Shakespeare wrote at least 38 plays, two major narrative poems, a sequence of sonnets, and several short poems. His works have been translated into a remarkable number of languages, and his plays are performed throughout the world.” (Lander 2)

Commentary: Shakespeare wrote iconic plays and poems that we still study today. His works are remarkable numbers and actors today still idolize them.

Quote #7: “Globe Theatre was an early open-air English theater in London . Most of the great English playwright William Shakespeare's plays were first presented at the Globe . Little is known about the Globe's design except what can be learned from maps and evidence from the plays presented there." (Seidel 1)

Commentary: Little is known about the Globe theater. It was one of the first theaters and was famous for their renowned plays and Shakespeare’s performances

Quote #8: "Sometimes playwrights influence the shape and form of a theater, but more often existing theaters seem to influence the shape and form of plays." (Anderson 1)

Commentary: Theaters were able to impacts the way writers wrote their plays, so it could be more believable to the audience.

Quote #9: "He is the most famous writer in the world, but he left no journals or letters- he left us only his poems and his plays" (Anderson 1)

Commentary: No one really knows about Shakespeare's life, but his legacy was the most impactful thing.

Travel

Quote #10: "Raleigh's first colonizing expedition left Plymouth in April 1585. It established a colony on Roanoke Island in Pamlico Sound. But sickness and fear caused the survivors of this first English colony in North America to go home with Sir Francis Drake in 1586." (Greenblatt 5)"In 1587, Raleigh sent a second expedition. A group of 117 colonists, including 17 women, landed on Roanoke Island. On Aug. 18, 1587, the first English child was born in North America. John White, the governor, went back to England for supplies. He was delayed by war with Spain, and when he returned to Roanoke in 1590, the settlers had mysteriously disappeared "(Greenblatt 6)

Comment: Raleigh went to America to start a colony on Roanoke Island but sickness and fear caused it to fail. He sent a second expedition with 117 colonist to Roanoke a year later, and within 3 years the colony had disappeared.

Quote #11:"Drake, Sir Francis (1543?-1596), an explorer and military commander, was the first Englishman to sail around the world. His naval warfare against the Spaniards, the chief rivals of the English, helped England become a major sea power." (Gibbs 1)

Commentary: Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to sail around the world.

Quote #12:"East India Company was the name of several European companies that opened trade with India and the Far East in the 1600's. The companies received special trading rights from their governments.""It opened India and the Far East to English trade and eventually brought India into the British Empire." (Cafruny 1)

Commentary: East India Company were made up of several private enterprises that were given special trade from their governments.

Quote #13: “Background to battle. Bad feeling between Spain and England had existed since the 1560's. Spain was taking gold and silver from lands it had claimed in the Americas, and England wanted some of this wealth. Queen Elizabeth I encouraged Francis Drake and other English seamen to raid Spanish ships and towns, even though the countries were officially at peace.” (Phillips 2)

Commentary: England was stealing from Spain even though they were supposed to be peaceful. So Queen Elizabeth retaliated.

Ozment, Steven. "Reformation." World Book Advanced , 5 Dec. 2016, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar463180&st=reformation#tab=homepage. Accessed 4 Dec. 2016.

Phillips, William D., Jr, and Carla Rahn Phillips. "Spanish Armada." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar522940#tab=homepage.

Lander, Jesse M. "Shakespeare, William." <i>World Book Advanced</i>. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

"Globe Theatre." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar226380&st=globe+theater#tab=homepage.

--. "Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match." Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking , by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-80.

Anderson, Robert. "William Shakespeare's Life: A Genius from Stratford." Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking , by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

Bumgardner, Jake. "Elizabethan Age." Worldbook advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar756160&st=elizabethan+era#tab=homepage.

Greenblatt, Stephen. "Raleigh, Sir Walter." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar458740#tab=homepage.

Gibbs, Gary G. "Drake, Sir Francis." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar166120#tab=homepage.

Cafruny, Alan W. "East Indian Company." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar171940&st=1600+trade#tab=homepage.

Phillips, William D., Jr, and Carla Rahn Phillips. "Spanish Armada." World Book Advanced , www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar522940#tab=homepage.

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