Born: October 11th, 1872 in South East London, UK
Died: June 8th, 1913 in Epsom, UK
- Kensington High School (now known as Kensington Preparatory School).
- Won a Bursary to Royal Holloway College in 1891 to study literature, but was forced to drop out because her family could not afford the tuition.
- St. Hugh's College, Oxford with First-Class Honors in her final exams, but women were not allowed to graduate Oxford at that time.
- University of London examinations as an external candidate for a degree in Modern Foreign Languages in 1908.
"The idea in my mind was that one big tragedy may save many others." --Emily Davison, letter to a friend
The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU)
- In 1906, she joined the WSPU, started by fellow Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst.
- In 1908, she left her teaching position to dedicate herself completely to the movement.
- Soon she gained a reputation as one of the most militant and violent Suffragettes.
- Without the approval of the WSPU, she went from simple actions such as disrupting meetings, to extreme acts, such as throwing stones and arson.
- She cared the most about letting all women vote, but was also dedicated to the cause of equal education and economical opportunities for women.
- March 30th, 1909: One month in prison for obstruction.
- July 30th, 1909: Two months in prison for obstruction.
- September 4th, 1909: Two months for stone throwing at White City, Manchester.
- October 20th, 1909: One month for stone throwing at Radcliffe near Manchester.
- November 19th, 1910: One month for breaking windows in the House of Commons.
- January 10th, 1912: Six months for setting fire to postal boxes at Holloway, London.
- November 30th, 1912: Ten days for assaulting a vicar who she mistook to be David Lloyd George.
"The torture was barbaric." --Emily Davison, letter to a friend on the force-feedings
- Hunger Strikes: Hunger strikes were common among Suffragettes in prison, and Emily Davidson practiced them every time she was in prison. This led to her, and many others, being brutally force-fed through tubes.
- Flooding: She barricaded herself in a prison cell to escape force-feeding. Her cell was then flooded with ice cold water by the guards which drenched her.
- Purposeful Acts of Violence: Once, she threw herself off of a prison upper gallery floor. She was badly injured, but ultimately survived.
- Purpose: All of these actions were strategies used by Suffragettes to attract attention to their cause.
- On June 4th, 1913, she and other Suffragettes attended the Epsom Derby.
- King George V was there, as he had a horse racing, and while the horse was going by, Emily Davison stepped onto the track and in front of it, in an attempt to tie a Suffragette scarf to it.
- Four days later, she died at the Epsom Cottage Hospital, still in her coma, from internal injuries and a fractured skull.
- She is buried at the churchyard of St. Mary the Virgin in Morepeth, Northumberland.
- Her gravestone bears the WSPU slogan, "Deeds not words."
- Thousands of Suffragettes attended her funeral, marching and creating a scene that received a lot of attention.
- Emily Davison is considered the first "martyr" of the Suffragette movement.
- Although she died before the laws that she fought so hard for passed, her legacy lives on and she became a staple of the Suffragette movement.
- She is still relevant and important today, as she paved the way for equal treatment for women.
- Whether it's voting rights, property rights, education, or divorce, Emily Davison and other Suffragettes secured equal rights for women and men.