Phlebotomy Susmita Chakrabarty

Phlebotomy is the point at which somebody utilizes a needle to take blood from a vein, typically in your arm. Additionally called a blood draw or venipuncture, it's a significant apparatus for diagnosing numerous ailments.

Generally the blood is shipped off a research center for testing. Be that as it may, once in a while the blood is removed as a therapy for certain ailments. This is called therapeutic phlebotomy. It eliminates additional red blood cells, unshaped RBCs, or additional iron in the blood. Therapeutic phlebotomy is utilized to treat individuals with:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Porphyria cutanea tarda
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease


You won't need to effectively get ready for most blood tests. Some expect you to quick, or not eat, for 8-12 hours early. Your doctor should give you directions before you come in.

To get blood drawn, you'll sit in a seat or rests. The individual who takes the blood will request that you make a clench hand with your hand. At that point they'll tie a band, called a tourniquet, around your upper arm. This makes your veins jump out somewhat more, which will make it simpler to embed the needle in the perfect spot.

You may feel a squeeze or sting when the needle goes into your arm. The needle will be connected to a little cylinder that lets your blood stream into a test cylinder or sack.

In case you're having blood drawn for tests, you may need to fill at least one test tubes. The process generally takes only a couple minutes.

In case you're having blood eliminated as a feature of a treatment, the measure of time it takes relies upon how much blood is required. More often than not it takes 2-3 minutes to get enough blood for a test.

At the point when the lab has the sum they need, the medical attendant or professional will remove the needle from your arm, eliminate the tourniquet, and gauze the region. They may ask you to tenderly press down on the bandage spot for a couple of moments until the draining stops. You may even wear the gauze for a couple of hours


Step 1 – Patient Awareness

When the phlebotomist gets the request to take a blood test, the hardware is readied and every patient has their enlistment / registration number on a sticker that is utilized to mark the samples. The patient is drawn closer and educated about the system. Legitimate distinguishing proof of the patient must be followed for wellbeing purposes.

Step 2 – A Proper Sanitation

Proper Handwashing

Appropriate hand washing is performed by the phlebotomist and afterward assessment of the patient's veins to distinguish the most reasonable site to play out the venepuncture. The inclusion zone is likewise scrubbed with a germ-free planning cushion.

Step 3 – Preparation of Vein

Applying a tourniquet
Preparation of Vein

A tourniquet is applied over the site to permit the vein to swell and turn out to be more conspicuous before the needle is embedded. The hand is held consistent and the patient is advised that a needle will be brought into the vein, the methodology will be speedy and it's significant the patient comprehends not to move the arm or hand regardless of whether they experience transitory torment or distress.

Step 4 – Selection of Needle Size and Angle

The needle size utilized is dictated by the real size of the patient's vein. It is held with the incline up and at a (25) to (35) degree plot for precise inclusion. The point of addition is likewise founded on the solace level and experience of the phlebotomist. When the needle is presented, blood will stream into the cylinder that is joined to the needle.

Step 5 – Drawing of Blood

Drawing of Blood
Collection of Blood

At the point when the ideal measure of blood is gathered in the holder, the tourniquet is pulled and the needle eliminated gradually and a bandage is applied over the cut site. Slight weight is applied to the post inclusion site to stop the bleeding.

The patient can be approached to keep on applying pressure too. The phlebotomist ought to never leave the room until thickening is concluded. This is to forestall delay draining and guarantee the wellbeing of the patient. The blood tests are then shaken to forestall coagulation, arranged and marked prior to leaving the room.

Final Considerations

A phlebotomist will experience numerous patients that have a dread of needles or potentially seeing blood. Numerous patients are likewise worried that the phlebotomist will miss the vein, expecting that once the vein is missed, there will be another endeavor. Another dread is of the needle experiencing the entire vein. Despite the fact that the phlebotomist appropriately recognized the vein and is certain that the needle will go legitimately in, the skin can slide which can make the needle go completely through, making a hematoma be shaped from seeping under the patients skin, with gentle wounding that will keep going for a few days.

Despite the fact that there are some minor risks, it's significant the phlebotomist consoles the patient and sets aside some effort to follow all the means delineated accurately.

School of Paramedics and Allied Health Sciences, Bhubaneswar