Van Gogh By Mario 10 A

Life

Vincent Willem Van Gogh was born the 30th of March of 1853 and he died the 29th July of 1890 at the age of 37. He was a Dutch post-impressionism artist and is one of the most famous and important painters of history. He painted more than 2100 artworks in almost a full decade.

He was born from an upper-middle class family, when he was little he liked painting and he was serious and quiet. As a young man he worked as an art dealer with his younger brother, Theo. When he was transferred to London his depression, that would take him to commit suicide years later, started to develop. Then he was kicked out from his job as an art dealer due to his depression.

Irises ( 1889 )

After being kicked out Vincent decided to go back to Amsterdam to study Theology but a year later, he dropped out. Then Vincent was attracted by religion and he became a preacher in Belgium. 6 months later he was dismissed, so following his brother's recommendations he took up painting classes from Anton Mauve at The Hague.

His love life wasn't going right too, in 1881 he declared his love to his cousin Kee Vos, who rejected him. Seeing that he was rejected by his cousin, he fell in love with a prostitute Sien Hoornik and her children and he had plans to marry , but following his brother's advice they didn't marry and later they broke.

Potato Eaters ( 1885 )

In 1886 he moved to Paris with his brother in Theo, her he met many impressionism artist like Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Bernard, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Gauguin. He was inspired by this artistic movement and two years after living with his brother, he decided to move away. In Arles, Bouches-du-Rh in France he was invited by Paul Gaugin, his relation with Paul Gaugin ended over a quarrel with Van Gogh, suffering from a mental breakdown Van Gogh decided to chop part of his left ear. Due to his mental unstability he was sent to a clinic.

Self-portrait of Van Gogh without his ear ( 1888 )

A year later, he left the clinic and went to the physician Paul Gachet, where he was near to his brother. His depression became worst, until he couldn't survive with his depression. On the 27th of July his suicide took place, he shot his chest with a revolver and 2 days later he died. Theo also went into depression after his brother's death and 6 months later he died and both rest together. During his lifetime he was considered as a failure but years later he became the famous painter we all now know about.

Work

Most of the paintings he made were about landscapes that he saw while treating his mental unstabilty. He was also influenced by his mental unstability, depending on his mood he used different coloured palets. One of the artists that most influenced Van Gogh's work was Gaugin, he was also influenced by the impressionism style which was used by the painters he met while his stay in Paris as such as Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Bernard and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, but what attracted Van Gogh from Paul Gaugin was his own style and his simplified pallet. The other person which influenced his works was his younger brother Theo, Theo was one of the only persons that he stayed in contact with, Theo's opinion was also important when Vincent took a decision but he was more than a brother to him, they were friends.

Ones of the many famous Van Gogh paintings

Style

As I said before, Van Gogh was influenced by the impressionism he saw in the paintings by Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Bernard, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Gauguin. Being influenced by this movement means he took part in the post-impressionism movement. During his relationship with Gaugin they shared paint, so they both applied the same thick brushstrokes. A bit later Van Gogh also started to paint from memory, painting from memory made Van Gogh's artwork to seem less realistic but increasing its attractiveness. His strong personality influenced on the colour palet and the srength of the brushstrokes and the applying of the paint.

It was in his last years that he became more influencedby Japanese art and the way they painted landscapes. Oleanders ( 1888 )
Japonaisiere Flowering Plum Tree by Vincent Van Gogh

Analysis

This picture is one of the first pictures of the 'Starry Night' series that Van Gogh painted. The other famous artwork from this series is 'Starry Night' which was painted a year later from the painting of 'Starry Night Over the Rhone' ( 1888 ). This piece of art isn't as well known as 'Starry Night' but I personally prefer this artwork.

Starry Night Over the Rhone

What first drew my attention from this painting is how well the dark tones in the sky fit together to create the illusion of the light produced by the stars in the sky. I thought the sky was the best section of the painting but then I saw how well the river was painted. The river creates the same illusion of realism that the sky creates but it makes me feel as if I was looking through the window and I saw the river and that beatiful sky. What I liked the most about the river is how well Van Gogh uses the yellow colours to paint the reflection of the street lamps on the water. The use of different tones of blue gives the artwork depth and the perspective is also correct because it makes you think that you are looking from the window outside. All of this details are the first thing I saw but when I looked at the small details the painting seemed even better.

When I paid more attention to the small details in the painting I saw that Van Gogh drew the silhouette of the village, where the street lights come from. The silhouetttes that he drew aren't simple patterned silhouettes, if you pay attention you can see what seems like a church because it has something similar to a big window. I also saw that the street lights weren't a simple yellow spot on the horizon, there are some tones of orange and the buildings ara also painted with yellow tones to show the light given by the street lamps. The boat and the couple gives the scene a bit of realism because it is normal to see people walking in the streets and boats on the river.

Overall I think this is my favourite piece of art painted by Van Gogh because when I first saw the painting I was instantly attracted by the small lights shining in the sky. In my opinion the artwork gives a sense of realism and when you look at the painting you feel as if you're looking through the window and admiring that beautiful scene.

Wheat Field with Cipresses ( 1889 )

Conclusion

In conclusion, painting in the same style as Van Gogh helped me to develop skills like applying colour and to mix the correct colours to obtain different tones. Van Gogh had different brushstrokes techniques to apply colour and copying a piece of artwork done by him helped me to apply the colour correctly and how with simple brushstrokes you can give the sense of realism, like 'Starry Night Over the Rhone'. By doing this presentation I also learnt from how and why Van Gogh had that distinctive style. I also learnt many things from his life and how all of his artworks are influenced by his solitude and his mental problems.

Wheatfield under Thunderclouds ( 1890 )

Bibliography

http://www.artble.com/artists/vincent_van_gogh/more_information/style_and_technique#style

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_van_Gogh

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