5 Themes of Geography in Italy Kayla Lindboe Hour 5


What is it like?

  • Italy is well-known for its two major mountain ranges, the Alps and the Apennines.
  • The country is 40 percent mountains.
  • There are many Volcanoes, Subalpine Lakes, and the Italian Islands.
  • The capital of Italy is Rome.
  • Other major cities are Milan, Florence, Venice, and Naples.
  • Mediterranean climate (Cool, rainy winters and hot, dry summers).
  • Three evergreen plant species dominate most of the landscape of Italy: holly, pine and cork oak.
  • There's a limited number of bears and wolves living in the wild, many of which have migrated from neighbouring Slovenia.
  • Italy's altitude ranges from 13 meters (43 feet) above sea level.
  • Soils range from friable acidic sand to almost unworkable clay loams to poor, dry calcareous crusts along Italy’s coastline.
  • Italy's population is 59.83 million people.
  • Housing includes flat buildings, terraced houses, villas, and chalets.
  • Italy's official language is Italian.
  • The economy of Italy is the 3rd-largest national economy in Europe, the 8th-largest by nominal GDP in the world, and the 12th-largest by GDP.
  • Italian culture is the arts, family, architecture, music and food.
  • For many Italians, family is the most important of receiver of respect, therefore an individual may sacrifice their rights or beliefs for family honor.

Human/Environment Interaction

How do we interact?


  • The way that people have used or modified the land in Italy is evident in the ancient Roman aqueducts and in Venice.
  • In order to build Venice, the water had to be drained for the foundations to be built, modifying the environment.


  • Air pollution is a significant problem in Italy. An estimated 12% increase in carbon monoxide emissions in the period between 1985 and 1989.
  • In the 1990s Italy had the world's tenth highest level of industrial carbon dioxide emissions.
  • Water pollution is another important environmental issue in Italy. The nation's rivers and coasts have been polluted by industrial and agricultural contaminants and its lakes contaminated by acid rain.
  • Facilities for the treatment and disposal of industrial wastes are inadequate


Where is it?

  • The absolute location of Italy is 41.8719 degrees North, 12.5674 degrees East.
  • Italy is a long peninsula that juts out from the southern edge of central Europe into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • In the North, the land is mountainous and borders Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, San Marino and France.
  • In the Southern portion, the elevation drops to sea level.


How do goods, ideas, and people move?

  • Major cities in Italy all have good transport systems, including bus and underground-train networks.
  • In Venice, the main public transport option is vaporetti which are small passenger ferries.
  • The main exports of Italy are machinery, metals and metal products, clothing and footwear, and motor vehicles, including luxury vehicles, motorcycles and scooters.
  • Italy imports pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, and food.
  • Italy has 28 harbours and ports.
  • There are over 40 newspaper printed in Italy today. Other ways ideas are spread is through the internet, radio, magazines, and television.


How are places similar or different?

  • Italy's region is Europe, which is also the continent it is in.
  • Italy is a country.


Created with images by kirkandmimi - "rome roma italy" • Moyan_Brenn - "Italy" • Moyan_Brenn - "Italy" • Moyan_Brenn - "Italy" • sabrinaschlich - "garda windsurfer italy"

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