My Six Component Project By Genesis i. Bailey

Geography/Cities: Mainland Greece is like a peninsula because it's a body of land with water on it's three sides. With the city-states near rivers and water, they made a living by becoming sailors, fishers, and traders, meanwhile, others settled in farming communities. Greece's rocky soil and mountais were not perfect or good for growing cops but, the climate was mild, and in some places people could grow barley, wheat, olives, and grapes; and also raised goats and sheep.

Class Divisions: Each Greek city-state is ran by it's citizen; meaning everyone of a political community who treats each other equal with one another that has responsibilities and rights. Which is very different from what people did in Egypt and/or Mesopotamia; where some people had no say in bieng in the government, were called subjects, had no rights, and didn't do anything but obey the rules and rulers. In most Greek city-states, only free nativeborn men who owned land, could be a citizen. In some city-states, like Athens, eventually dropped the land-owning necessity. Slaves and foreign-born residents, however, continued to be excluded. As for women and children, they might qualify for citizenship, but they had none of the rights that went with it. The rights that they had were that, they couldgather in the agora to choose with official they want and to pass laws. The citizens got to hold office, own property, defend themselves in court, and got to vote.

Greek Art: Greek artists wanted people to see reason, moderation, balance, and harmony in their work. Greeks painted murals, but none of them have survived. However, we can still see examples of Greek painting on Greek pottery. The Greeks were skilled architects. Architecture is the art of designing and building structures. then, in 500 B.C., the Greeks began to use marble. Marble columns were built in sections. Some of the best-known buildings in our nation's capital like the Capital and the White House, have columns the same as Greek columns. Many Greek temples were decorated with sculpture. Greek sculpture, like Greek architecture, was used to express Greek ideas. Alexander the Great, at the same time as he was helping extend Greek and Macedonian to rule over a great or portion of an area, he and his armies spread Greek ideas, architecture, art, and language wherever they went in Southwest Asia and Northern Africa.

Organized Government: Kings rued the first Greek communities, but by the Dark Ages, the nobles who own large farms, had taken the power from the kings; but it was a short amount of time of being ruled by the nobles; and their first challenge to their rule came from small farmers, who often needed money to live on until they could harvest and sell their crops to get their own money by trading; and some borrowed money from the nobles, promising to repay them by giving up their fields if couldn't pay back the money they owe the nobles; but then would have to work for the nobles; and if in desperate needs, some people would sell themsleves into slavery. By 650 B.C., the small farmers began to demand changes in the power structure, with the artisans and merchants, that wanted to participate and share in governing, behind them. Both groups became rich and wealthy off of their trade that they were doing between city-states. But since they didn't own property and land, they aren't citizens and couldn't have a say in running the polis. And with the people being unhappy led to tyrants, which is someone who takes power by force and rules with total power, control, and/or charge. By 500 B.C., tyrants had fallen off in Greece, and most city-states, anyway, became either a democracy, which is in a domocracy all citizens share in running the government, or some city-states became a oligarchy, which is only a few people hold power in running the government. Where in Greece, Sparta was a oligarchy and Athens was a democracy.

Religion: The Greeks believed in Gods and Goddesses, and that they controlled nature. The 12 most important gods and goddesses lived on Mount Olympus, which is the highest mountain in Greece. All though they're gods and goddesses, they were not thought to be all-powerful. And according to the Greek myths, they had powers but, at the same time the gods and goddesses looked like human beings and acted like them; like getting married, having kids, pranking each other, fought in wars/battles, and played games. And because of ther beliefs, of believing in gods and goddesses, they did many rituals. As apart of their ritual (s), the Greeks prayed to the gods and also gave them gifts. They held festivals dedicating gods and goddesses. The Greeks also believed in the afterlife, so when people died, the Greeks believed their spirits went to a world beneath the Earth ruled by a god named Hades.

Writing Systems: In the years between 1100 B.C. and 750 B.C. were hard for the Greeks. Overseas trade slowed down and poverty started to take over. Farmers grew only enough food to meet their own family's standards and needs. People stopped teaching others how to do craftwork and how too write. And before long, the Greeks also had forgotten their written language and how to make things; where as a result, the historians call it the Dark Age. After a while, the Greek farmers picked up on farming and to produce surplus food. And because of farming, trade got picked up again. As a result, they picked up on an idea of the alphabet the Phoenicians, who were their trading partners who lived on the coast of eastern Mesopotamia. The Greek alphabet was made up of 24 letters that stood for different sounds. Basically the Greek alphabet was based on the Phoenician alphabet. It made reading and writing so much easier; and soon people were writing down stuff like tales, and etc. that have been passed down by generation.

This is the Greek Alphabet

Credits:

Created with images by CManfredsson - "athens the parthenon greek" • Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL - "A map of those countries in which the Apostles travelled in propagating Christianity." • thomas_gruber - "Flagge" • USA-Reiseblogger - "nashville tennesse usa" • Ronny Siegel - "Ancient Corinth" • PublicDomainPictures - "orthodox greece church" • GeoNando - "Ancient Greek alphabet"

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