South America By: Nashali and Anthony

Origin of Name:

South America was named after Amerigo Vespucci for his several expeditions to South America. He also discovered present day Brazil.

Tectonic plates:

The tectonic plates that make up South America are: Nazca plate, Caribbean plate, The Oceanic Crust of the North American plate, and the South American plate.

Modern day south america:

South America took its place that it has today 20 million years ago. During this process South America separated from Africa and connected with North America. This process made the South America we know today.

Vicuña (left) and Tapir (right)

Unique animal life:

The Tapir and the Vicuña species are only found in South America. The average lifespan of the Tapir is 25 to 30 years and the average weight is 500 to 800 pounds. The Vicuña grows soft fur on their chest that can grow up to 30 cm in length.

Landforms and processes: Here is an example of how tectonic mountains shape the land.For example, the Andes mountains. The Andes were formed by tectonic activity when Earth was uplifted as one plate sub-ducts under another plate.

Unique Plants:

Here are a few unique plants in South America. The Brazilian nut tree towers above many other trees in the Amazon rain forest, reaching over 160 feet when healthy. It is known for its producing of Brazilian nuts. Reaching as high as 130 feet, the rubber tree (or rubberwood tree) is known for its milky sap or commonly called latex. And yes, it is used to make rubber.

other Unique animals:

Here are some animals that are found in SA. Yes I said it, SA (South America). The Anaconda is a snake that is very deadly. They don’t attack humans, and despite being non-venomous, they're very powerful. If they wanted, a medium sized one could devour a human adult. They are indeed in the boa family, and are located throughout SA. Poison frogs have all sorts of beautiful color combinations. Big animals see them from a mile away, but if they try to eat them. Well, poison.

Credits:

Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "monkey amazon squirrel"

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