Felipe II (left) is triunfó by his son, the aptly named Felipe III. Felipe III (middle) murió and his son takes the throne, Felipe IV (right). Yep, Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665. He has control over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro.
END of the Habsburgs
Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II is known as “El Hechizado," the Bewitched. He died on 1700, leaving no heir to ascendió to the throne of Spain.
War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. War ends in 1713, with Spain perdedor Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon el nieto of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family los restos the la familia real of Spain today.
Competent rulers, but more concerned with life at court. Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on the Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.
Rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid empezó War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte removió from throne of Spain four years after the War in 1812. Constitution of 1812 estableció a monarquía parlamentaria.
Lived from 1814-1833. Son of Carlos IV, Fernando VII, regresó from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s los soldados. Totalitario rule, constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on la constitución of 1812. He died leaving a daughter Isabel. The country is dividido on the issue of a woman ruler. Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas," Carl Wars. Isabell II reigns from 1833-1868
Those CRAZY Bourbons
Isabell II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opuesto her authority. The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. And short-lived experiment places King Amadeo of Saboya, and el italiano, on the el trono from 1870-1873.
The First spanish republic
The first spanish la república is proclamó in 1873, and ends in 1874
Here We Go Again...
The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875-1885, followed by his son ALfonso XII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XII was born in 1885. His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downside, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1898 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.
Unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XIII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. Have tried: Monarchy, Parli. Monarchy, Totalitarian, Republic, and Dictatorship. Monarchy is the only thing that has worked this far. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.
Let's try this again...
The second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allow divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools
The new government creates and even deeper political and social divide. The military, the Church and the upper classes think there are too many changes going on. While, socialists and communist factions think there is not enough changes and want more changes. General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. Franco’s fascist troops are aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help. War ends in 1939, with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning, creating the second dictatorship.
Francisco Franco, was a fascist dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. He Idealized “gory years” of Spain under Carlos V and Felipe II. He took away gender roles, religion, regionalism banned, and censorship. he was also responsible for the exile of artists, intellectuals, scientists.
One more time!!
Basque terrorist group ETA assassinates Franco’s chosen successor. Franco chooses grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over. Upon Franco’s death in 1975, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes King of Spain. Instead of continuing Franco’s policies or establishing and absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain. He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister. Suarez begins the period known as the Transition.
Becoming more involved.