Elements & Principles Emily m

Line: A point in space where the length is greater than the width, and can be in any direction, thick or thin, and straight or curved. In these pictures, line is used to create a sense of height for buildings and towns.

Shape: An element of art that is flat and two-dimensional, using either geometric or free-form shapes.

In this picture, geometric shapes are overlapped and used to make an interesting, two-dimensional piece.

Texture: How something feels or looks like it would feel if you touched it. Textures can be smooth, rough, hard or soft.

Texture is used here to make the piece look bumpy and patterned.

Value: The lightness or darkness in something, and the effect of light and shadows it leaves.

Value is used here to make the ball look like it's three-dimensional and realistic, since it has shadows and highlight.

Space: Emptiness around or within objects. Negative space is the space around the object, and positive space is the space in the object.

Space is used here to make positive space a lady's shoe and the negative space a man's shoe.

Color: The element that uses hues, values, and intensities of color to make art interesting and add a mood to the piece.

The artist uses color here to make their painting have a sad and gloomy tone to it by using shads of blue and dark colors.

Rhythm: Repeated elements in artwork to show movement.

Rhythm is shown here by having repeated lines in a spiral to indicate movement.

Movement: Movement is something placed in an artwork to guide the viewer's eye throughout the piece.

The artists of these pieces show movement by having a line of people that leads your eye from the top to the bottom of the page and then by having the main focus of the other artwork in a curved line, taking your eye from one side to the other.

Balance: Making equal amounts of something in art, like making an image have some type of symmetry.

Balance is used in this picture by having perfect symmetry on each side.

Unity: Unity is achieved when a painting looks harmonious and completed.

Unity is shown in this picture because all the colors are placed in a way that makes it seem completed and full.

Emphasis: When a part of an artwork is different from the rest or the main part of a whole.

This painting shows emphasis by having a red flower among white ones, so that it catches your eye first.

Contrast: Having opposite elements of art next to each other in a painting/drawing.

This piece shows contrast by having black and white and then bright red against each other, similar to emphasis.

Form: An element of art relating to three-dimensional figures rather than shapes that are flat. It makes things look realistic and natural, in other words, like value.

Form is shown here by having the shapes look as if you could touch them or see them in real life. They have shadows and highlights, just like a regular object you would see.

Credits:

Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "painting paint palette" • roberthuffstutter - "SKETCH OF SMALL VILLAGE NEAR MT FUJI 1962" • guymoll - "croquis: Colmar - rue Turenne - France" • guymoll - "croquis: Ubeda - Espagne" • Biblioteca Rector Machado y Nuñez - "Tempio creduto della Fortuna Virile ora S. Maria Egiziaca" • Wicker Paradise - "Jewel Tone I, (Geometric Diamond Shaped Stone) 8X10 Art Print outdoor wicker is a favorite of ours! So is this find by piratemptress." • garlandcannon - "Memories of the Enchanted Wood"

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