Introductory Paragraph: The book, The Catcher in the Rye was written by J.D. Salinger in the year of 1951. This main idea of the book is. I believe the diagnosis that Holden has is depression. Two symptoms of depression are persistent sadness, or empty mood and also feeling of guilt, helplessness, or worthlessness.
Persistent Sadness, Empty Mood: The symptom that Holden shows is depression. Depression is a serious mood disorder that can seriously affect how you feel, act, and think. Persistent sadness is just one of the few signs of depression. The quote, "I wasn't sleepy or anything, but I was feeling sort of lousy. Depressed and all. I almost wished I was dead" (p.118) shows Holden's depression worsening throughout the story and shows his sadness. Depression can be perilous in that in ca lead to serious injury depending on how bad the situation is.
Feeling of Guilt, Helplessness, or Worthlessness: Holden shows depression because he has feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and helplessness, like stated in the webpage for depression. Holden says, "I slept in the garage the night he died, and I broke all the goddamn windows with my fist, just for the hell of it. I even tried to break all the windows on the station wagon we had that summer, but my hand was already broken and everything by that time, and I couldn't do it. It was a very stupid thing to do, I'll admit, but I hardly didn't even know I was doing it, and you didn't know Allie." This shows that Holden was angry and felt guilty and hopeless for what happened to Allie. Without his brother he is starting to feel worthless since he doesn't have him anymore. Holden is going to have to rectify his lifestyle now because he lost his brother and it is going to be tough for him for awhile.
Conclusion Paragraph: Two symptoms of depression are persistent sadness, or empty mood and also feeling of guilt, helplessness, or worthlessness. For the first symptom Holden talks about how he wishes he was depressed and dead. Holden's depression worsens throughout the story and this is one of the many examples that show it. For the second symptom, Holden's brother Allie dies so he takes all his anger out and thinks about his death that night. I believe that Holden breaks all the windows because he feels guilty and hopeless now for what happened to Allie. Holden's diagnosis in my opinion is depression because of the various examples I used above.