Muscular Dystrophy B:

Genetic Transmission

Muscular Dystrophy is a sex linked disorder, This means if the parents have the disorder or is a carrier of the disorder then they could pass it down to their children. It is a recessive disorder so it can skip generations unlike dominant alleles. The carriers of this disorder can only be females. it can only be females because they have two X chromosomes and if one is dominant and another is recessive she is a carrier. Males cannot be a carrier.

Characteristics of Muscular Dystrophy

This disorder is different from others because this can cause pain or weakness in the muscles. If it this disorder stays in your muscles to long, over time you can become paralyzed. Having Muscular Dystrophy can not only affect your muscles but it can affect your heart and other vital organs within your body. Also it can affect your breathing. This disease can be very dangerous and people that have it will die in there teenage years or around 20 years old. Their are many different forms of this disease, most common are Duchenne and Becker. Some symptoms of this disease are Pain in muscles, weakness in muscles, difference in walking, and loss in muscle size.

How common is Muscular Dystrophy

The boys usually get this disorder and the girls are usually the carrier and sometimes have the disease. Every year 1 out of 200 kids get this disorder. Hispanics and Non Hispanic Whites usually gets Muscular Dystrophy. It is sometimes based on their environment they live in.

Treatments

To help the patients, the doctors usually give the patients splints, Steroids, and/or Physical therapy. These treatments help a lot with their muscle stretching and splints give them more balance and stability. Some side affects if these treatments are increase muscle strength, increase in walking ability, and Helps with your breathing flow. It Also slows down the process of your muscles getting weaker. The steroids can cause weight gain, increased urination, high blood pressure and brittle bones. The treatment can usually start around 20,000 a year and as the disorder gets more severe it can go up to 300,000 a year.

Interesting facts

  • The most common types of Muscular Dystrophy is Duchenne and Becker
  • Average life span for people with it is 20 years old
  • Some people Becker can have a normal life span
  • you can't cure this disease but you can have modern treatment within your lifespan
  • Muscular Dystrophy is caused by deficiency of the muscle protein
  • upper arms and upper legs start to weaken first
  • First see symptoms around 6 years old

Famous person with it

Terri Garr is a famous actress living in Ohio and she was diagnosed with Muscular Dystrophy in her teens. Her symptoms one morning was tingling in her right foot and as sh tried to stand on it she fell straight to the ground. she still continued working

Current research on the disorder

At the moment, thousands of scientist are working on trying to make new medicines to help with DMD and BMD. Also Physical therapist are trying t research new therapy to help people with these diseases. Testing strains of these disease to see if they can figure out a way to weaken it. The scientists think they have discovered a cure that could cure Muscular Dystrophy.

Sources

Author- n/a Article title- Famous with MD Source title- HRF Date; 2015 url- healthresearchfunding.org/faouspeople-musculardystrophy

Author-n/a Article title; 10 MD facts Source title- health24 Date- 2007 url- .health24.cm

Author- n/a Article title- DMD source title- MDA Date- 2017 url- mda.org

Author- n/a Article title- Center for genetic MD Source title- KKI date- 2016 url- kennedykrieger.rg

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