- Frontier Texans depended on schools and churches for education, spiritual guidance, and social events
- Newspapers spread word of local events and issues
- Many Texans were active in the arts
- Many of the early schools in Texas were opened and operated by churches.
- newspapers began carrying more national and world news in the 1850s after telegraphs were introduced
- the telegraph allowed people to communicate across vast distances by sending coded signals over wires.
This is a picture of Gail Borden Jr.
- Gail Borden Jr. Was a member of the Old Three Hundred.
- slaves performed many jobs on plantations
- some Texans argued against slavery
- spirituals or religious folk songs rang through black churches, carrying messages of hope and faith.