China's capital is Beijing its area is 16,800 square kilometers and had a population of 21.15 million by 2013. China was established on October 1, 1949. Its total population now is 1.357 billion. They have the Great Wall of China which spans 5,500.3 miles. China is a communist country which means that one party holds power and state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership, and want a classless society.
U.S. constitution and China's: China's constitution says that all the power belongs to the people. Because of this China has a limited government. The individual rights are a little different because China has a one child policy. Their constitution says that all nationalist should be treated equally and that any discrimination is prohibited. All nationalities have the freedom to use and develop their own spoken and written languages and to preserve or reform their own customs.
Voting in China begins with a direct vote of the people in local and village elections which are operated by local election committees. In the cities the local elections are broken down by residential area or work units; similar to how the US divides voting into districts. Their voting age is also the same at 18 years old.
Legislative powers: China practices a unified multilevel legislative system. The NPC and its standing committee exercise the state power to make laws. It also enacts and amends basic laws pertaining to criminal offences, civil affairs, state organs and other matters. When the NPC is not in session, its Standing Committee may partially supplement and revise laws enacted by the NPC, provided that the changes don't go against the laws basic principles. They are also unicameral and don't have a Congress versus the United States which is bicameral and has a Congress. China has 2987 seats compared to our 100 seats and 2 representatives in the senate.
Executive powers: The head of state in China is the President who is elected by the National People's Congress to a five year term whereas in the US the President serves a four year term. China's executive powers are in the state council's hands which is headed by the Premier. The Premier is nominated by the President and elected by the NPC for a five year term. The Premier is the leader of the State Council. He is also in charge of organizing the chinese civil bureaucracy. The current Premier is Li Keqiang The person with the greatest power over China's government is the party's General Secretary then second in power is the Premier. Whereas most of the power is vested in the President for the US.
Judicial powers: China's highest court is called the Supreme People's Court and has over 340 judges while the US Supreme Court only has 9 justices. In China the judges can serve up to two consecutive five year terms. In contrast the US judges are appointed for a life long term. The US Supreme Court has its justices appointed by the President and approved by the Senate but in China the People's National Congress chooses the Chief Justice and then they nominatie the rest of the justices which then have to be appointed by the Standing Committee of the People's National Congress.
Current events: the smog levels are high and the equipment for people to put into their house to filter it out is expensive and is turning into not only a health problem but a class problem. Nearly one third of deaths in China are linked to smog, found by a research done by Nanjing University. They have something called the AQI which tells people the air quality each day. And the scale goes from 0 to 500 and anything over 300 is considered hazardous. Once it reaches 150 everyone will feel the affects of the air quality and on Thursday the AQI was at 190.
A Chinese company is 3d Printing blood vessels into monkeys and hope to be able to help people with cardiovascular diseases.
Work cited: https://usagov.ctacdev.com/election http://chineseculture.about.com/od/electionsinchina/a/NPCelections.htm http://www.countriesquest.com/asia/china/government/executive.htm http://english.gov.cn/archive/china_abc/2014/08/23/content_281474982987230.htm http://www.indexmundi.com/factbook/compare/china.united-states http://www.indexmundi.com/factbook/compare/china.united-states http://www.usconstitution.net/china.html#Chapter1 http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/15/health/china-beijing-smog-tale-of-two-cities/index.html