The World of Printing
The global printing industry is predicted to reach $980 billion by 2018. The printing industry has grown over thousands of years, developing in numerous ways through history. We changed how we print, why we can print, and how printing affects the world. It all started with paper and now we can print on numerous surfaces and even print in not only 2D, but 3D.
Papyrus was the first type of 'paper.' It was made using the papyrus plant. Its paper like material was used as a writing surface in Egypt. It was also used in Ancient Greece and Rome. This was the early beginnings of what would become the printing industry.
ca. 100 A.D.
Around 100 A.D. paper was invented by the Chinese. The paper we know today was invented by Ts'ai Lun, a Chinese court official. Ts'ai made paper by mixing mulberry bark, hemp and rags with water, mashed it into pulp, pressed out the liquid, and hung it to dry in the sun.
Paper making is traced back to China when paper was invented. Paper making techniques were able to spread around the world, migrating from China into Europe. During the 8th century, Muslims learned the Chinese secret of paper making and later invaded Europe, exposing Europeans to paper making.
Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images, or patterns onto textiles then later paper. This method was used widely through East Asia, originating in China. The Chinese invented woodblock printing and examples of woodblock printing exist on cloth originating from before 220 A.D.
The First Mills
Muslim and Chinese paper makers used animal and human power to make their paper in their mills. Many paper mills were built in Baghdad and from there, the industry spread ti various parts of the world. The first paper mill in Africa was built in Egypt in 850. The first paper mill in Europe was in Spain. By the early 20th century, paper mills sprung up in New England and the rest of the world due to the high demand of paper.
The world's first movable type printing press was invented for printing paper books. It was made of ceramic porcelain china materials. It was invented in China around 1040 A.D.
The first movable type printing press was invented by the Han Chinese innovator Bi Sheng during the Northern Song Dynasty. Movable type is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document to a medium, usually paper.
The First Newspaper
Acta Diurna' was the first newspaper published in Rome, around 59 BC. In 1605, the first printed weekly newspaper to be published in Antwerp was called Relati.
First English Paper
The first English daily newspaper was the Daily Courant, which began on 11 March 1702.
First Colonial Newspaper
America's first continuously-published newspaper was the Boston News-Letter. It published its first issue on April 24, 1704.