Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus was awarded the honorific title of Augustus by a decree of the senate.
They emerged as victor from the carnage of the civil wars.
The Roman law is the legal systems of ancient Rome, including Rome Military Jurisdiction and the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence.
The dominance of Latin among the literate elite may obscure the continuity of spoken languages, since all cultures within the Roman Empire were predominantly oral.
And by the first century B.C. Rome was already the largest, richest and most powerful city in the Mediterranean world.