Geography is VERY important in Ancient Greece. In fact, almost all of the population is made up of city-states. The two biggest, and most known city states are Sparta and Athens. Mountains were the geological feature hat separated the city-states. A lot of oceans and seas surrounded Sparta and Athens. Some of these include the Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. They used the boats for wars and got their water from the seas. They also became fishers and sailors and traders because of the seas. Athens was a much nicer place then Sparta, looked a lot better, and had a navy. Sparta had a better military. Then comes the Pelopenesian War. Athens was becoming very rich and wealthy and that made Sparta and other city-states suspicious. Sparta and other city states teamed up against Athens and defeated them after 25 years. As much as this was good for Sparta, it left the Greeks weak and divided causing them to lose their freedom to Macedonia.
Greek citizens could do a lot in Greece. To be a citizen, you had to be native-born, you had to own land, you had to be a men and you had to be free. Some city-states like Athens dropped the owning land rule, however most city-states still had it. If you met all of those requirements, you could be a citizen. Some of their rights included: They could gather in the agora to pass laws. They also had the right to vote, hold office and own property. In return, citizens had to serve in the government and fight for their city-state as soldiers.
The Greeks used many different styles of Art. One for example was myths. Myths were stories about gods and heroes. We don't necessarily write about gods today but we defiantly have fantasy stories and some of them are about heroes. Another popular one today is Drama. Men in Ancient Greece were the only people aloud in drama, but we still have Drama today. Drama is like operas and plays. This influenced the Greeks because this was some of what they did for fun. Another was Epics. Epics were extremely long poems with 10,000 lines are more. Some of the most famous epics were from a person named Homer. His included the Iliad and the Odyssey. Another was fables. Fables were stories that tell lessons. Aesop, a famous Greek slave who invented fables, has some of the most famous fables such as slow and steady wins the race. These Greek ideas spread to almost the whole world....kinda. Here in the USA and we have plays and we used the term "slow and steady wins the race". Other countries have drama and could have fables and myths.
Other 3 components were excused.