The forest industry in canada is mainly an exported oriented industry. In fact almost 7% of all exports in canada are forestry exports. Canada itself is accountable for 9% of the worlds forests therefore maintaining them and keeping them healthy is very important. There are 8 forest regions across canada,Boreal forest region, Great lakes region, Acadian forest region, Deciduous forest region, Coast forest region, Subalpine forest region, Montane forest region and the columbia forest region.With all large amount of this resource Canada has been able to export large amounts of this resource to different places which means that this resource is reliable.Therefore keeping this sustainable is very crucial for the economy and environment health.
There are many methods of extracting in the forest industry, but not all methods are sustainable and therefore harmful to the environment in many different ways.The first way is Clear cutting, this method removes all standing trees in one area. This method is easy, efficient and cheap.The next method is shelterwood cutting, this method plants seeds before removing all the matured trees.When the matured trees are removed the forest has an even aged forest with new species.The last method out of many is selective cutting. Selective cutting is when only certain trees are removed in one area and usually a small amount.
Forests are highly important as they provide food, shelter, habitats to many animals, fuels, medicinal ingredients and paper. Forests maintain Earth’s CO₂ supply and exchange oxygen with the CO₂ in the atmosphere. The main issues with forest management has to do with natural or human causes. Natural causes include forest fires, droughts, climate change and/or non-native species. Human causes include clear cutting, land conversion (potentially for housing, commercial or industrial building sites), depletion of forests for gas facilities and access to them. Maintaining a system to sustainably use forest resources is becoming a very demanding concern.
An example of destruction in an ecosystem is when clear cutting ocurs.Clear cutting is very popular because it is a cheap and efficient method,In Ontario 88% of operations are clear cutting. This method affects animals that are intact with the forest an example of that is the Woodland Caribou. The only way the Woodland Caribou will survive is to stop clear cutting in Ontario. Mature forests store carbon and Boreal forets hold 34% of all worlds carbon emissions which regulates the climate. When an area is clear cut the soil releases carbon in the atmosphere, in result clear cutting takes part in global warming. When a area is deforested, miles of roots are destroyed and compromises lands abilities to absorb or retain water which leads to droughts or floods. Clear cutting causes habitat destruction leading to declining population of animals and shortage of resources.
Canada’s forestry is an export oriented business. The United States and Western Europe are major markets for Canada, along with China and Japan. The forest industry is contributing approximately $32.7 billion in exports alone, which is 7% of all Canada’s exports combined. Softwood lumber and wood panel exports have increased significantly in 2015 over 2014. However, printing and paper barely grew and newsprint paper dropped 10% over 2014. The main reason to this is because of the incline in technology usage which had replaced the use of paper into a digital format.
The forest industry is broken down into the 3 main sub sectors. Each one is accountable for a portion of this industry's GDP as a whole. Solid wood production makes up 44% of the GDP, pulp and paper contributes 33% and forestry and logging is liable for the other 36%. The industry contributed 22.1 billion (1.2%) to nominal GDP in 2015. In real terms GDP grew by 5% ( 2014 - 2015 ) but the Canadian economy only grew by 1%. GDP is the total value of all goods and services provided to the country, nominal GDP is primary and the real GDP shows the growth of the industry after the inflation is fractured out.
Forestry has a variety great benefits to many Canadians and Canada itself as a whole country. However every good thing usually comes with a negative aspect.Sustainable forest management means making that forests provide a big range of goods and services over a long period of time.According to natural Resource Canada,comparing the amount of timber actually harvested to the estimated sustainable wood supply is one way we can track how good we are managing our forests.