1. Gather proper materials and source images. Be sure to crop your image to the proper size so it is proportionate to the desired measurements of your final piece. Materials used for this specific project were: a set of graphite pencils (ranging in values), a white polymer eraser, a kneaded eraser, a sharpener (to keep the pencils sharp!), a ruler, tracing paper and bristol board.
2. Measure. Measure again, and use your image as a reference. The best way to do this is to use your pencil as a ruler, a measuring tool. Lock your arm straight out and measure the point from your thumb to the tip of the pencil. This is now your measurement for reference.
3. Plot the points on the tracing paper, and keep double checking reference points.
4. Connect the points and draw an outline of your reference picture. DO NOT shade yet. Keep this outline light-use a lighter shade pencil, for example, a 4H pencil.
5. Once you are happy with your outline, and all the pieces are proportional and detailed enough, it is time to transfer the drawing to Bristol Board.
6. Transfer the drawing by either using transfer paper, or by shading the opposite side of the tracing paper with a soft graphite pencil. Then, flip the paper back over, layer it evenly over the Bristol Board and trace over the lines of your original drawing. The pressure from your pencil will transfer the graphite from the tracing paper to the bristol board.
7. Once your drawing is successfully transferred and all missing lines are filled in, add detail and shade the drawing using a smooth tone technique.
8. When using the smooth tone technique in shading, be sure that your pencils are sharp, and to refer back to the reference picture when shading. Shade the drawing using very small, random circular motions. There should be no indenting, streaks or lines in the drawing. The tones in the drawing should be even, if they are uneven, use the kneaded eraser to remove excess graphite.
9. When your drawing is completely smooth toned, check and refine it to make it the best it can be. Add a border, protect it with a sheet of tracing paper.
10. Sign your name! All done!