Poetry Mini Project Cheri, bella, zoe, hallie, and julia

kesterson period 2

MRS. DALLOWAY

by virginia wolfe

existence

Over the course of a day, the streams of consciousness of various people are followed and unified by the thread of existence. During this, a socialite reflects on the regrets of her life, and an ailing retired soldier struggles with the effects of PTSD.

The speaker compares life to a kitchen table in which a variety of people come together to share a variety of experiences at that same table. Life is presented to begin at the table, and is presumed to also end at the kitchen table as well.

Mrs. Dalloway is largely about the ongoing passage of time, and how as time passes, one’s own existence falls under question. In the book itself, Mrs. Dalloway reflects on the value of her life, and inwardly regrets her decision to not marry Peter. The poem in a similar way simplifies life by comparing it to a kitchen table. The poem emphasizes how the lives of people are largely the same, and that people are likely meant to leave the world the way they came. It is at this table, where people both experience and reflect on the lives they had. The literary device used in this poem is an extended metaphor in which life is metaphorically compared to a kitchen table in full depth. The extended metaphor best presents the author’s point of view about existence by its consistent use and the multiple images associated with the various things that would happen at a kitchen table.

HAMLET

by william shakespeare

revenge

When Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, realizes that his father’s death was actually a murder, he sets out to prove that his stepfather (and also his uncle) is the murderer. Many characters, including Hamlet, are out for vengeance or revenge on those who have done them wrong.

emily dickinson writes about the path towards revenge and her feelings towards vengeance.

Dickinson uses personification to characterize anger and help the reader make the judgement that anger fuels revenge, but that urge is gone when the revenge is sought out. This is the case in Hamlet, as Hamlet manages to get revenge on Claudius at the end of the novel, despite his own demise. His anger fuels his revenge throughout the play but also causes his inability to act and initiates many misunderstandings.

MACBETH

by william shakespeare

power

A power hungry Scottish general engages in dark magic, lies, and even murder to ensure the throne. Despite his efforts, he’s eventually killed in battle, leaving other inherently good characters to prevail.

The poem discusses the power of armies, but more specifically the power of the spirits of those who fight. The soldiers themselves are what’s strong, not necessarily the army itself.

This will to fight, for power especially, is also seen in Macbeth, most clearly in the last battle of the play. The writer uses a simile towards the end of the poem to compare the growing sense of power to “rising water”, which shows that the increasing power cannot be easily contained, and it naturally grows with time.

ATONEMENT

by ian mcewan

family

A wealthy British family is torn apart by the effects of romance, misunderstanding, and social class.

The poem focuses on how different items are connection because of their perceived image.

In Atonement, although the family is estranged and broken, they are connected in that they share a common childhood and familial bond. The use of repetition emphasizes the idea that the different items in the poem are connected because they are all “roses”. This repetition creates a pattern in which it’s clear to visualize and connect the items.

ALL THE PRETTY HORSES

by cormac mccarthy

fate

All The Pretty Horses follows John Grady’s journey across the texas-mexico border as he tries to run from fate to save his family's farm, find love, escape capture, and feel alive. Although he makes some friends along the way and gains strength to stand up for himself, he harshly discovers the violence and unfairness of life as he returns home, riding across the sunset of the prairie.

The poem focuses on how different items are connection because of their perceived image.

In Atonement, although the family is estranged and broken, they are connected in that they share a common childhood and familial bond. The use of repetition emphasizes the idea that the different items in the poem are connected because they are all “roses”. This repetition creates a pattern in which it’s clear to visualize and connect the items.

NEVER LET ME GO

by kazuo ishiguro

deceit

Never Let Me Go follows a young girl Kathy and her two friends, Tommy and Ruth, as they grow up in a seemingly perfect world, in which they start to find the dark true meanings behind friendship, choices, and what it means to be human.

The history teacher in the poem is much like the guardians in Hailsham, specifically like Miss Emily. Both of these authority figures think that ignorance is bliss, and show children a sanguine view of life. While Miss Emily simply ignores and redirects questions, making it seem like there is nothing darker or hidden to even worry about questioning, the history teacher makes excuses and uses literal connotations to make humor to satisfy the children's curiosity. Billy Collins utilizes the literal connotations of events to have the history teacher portray the meaning of the events are funny or very small, when in fact they were disastrously large and terrible events. The double meaning and dramatic irony created for the audiences using the allusions to familiar events makes the situation more contrasting and the message more powerful.

EQUUS

by peter shaffer

repression

Equus explores the impact judgement has on a person both psychologically and physically. A teenage boy finds himself driven to insanity by his mother's constant religious preaching and his father's denial of personal feelings. This madness causes him to gauge the eyes of horses in a fit of rage, and the book itself explores just what made him snap.

This poem focuses on the way religion can be viewed as both wonderful and terrible.

This relates to the novel because while Alan is taught that religion will save him, it ends up killing his soul. Allusions represent both the poem and novel well because in both cases every action has some sort of hidden reference to divine intervention.

KING LEAR

by william shakespeare

parent/child relationships

An aged and crazed king gives away his kingdom to his eldest, deceitful daughters, resulting in his death, and the deaths of several other characters. Parallel to the main plot, Edmund, the illegitimate son of the Earl of Gloucester, sets his father against his half brother, Edgar, and overthrows his father in the process. Those who have done wrong ultimately die, and the kingdom ends up in the hands of Edgar.

A mother speaks to her son, reminding him of the difficulties she faced in life and shares sage advice about not giving up. She tells him that as she has chosen to persevere despite a difficult life, her son is able to do the same.

The most apparent connection between the poem and the book is that they both describe a relationship between a parent and child. For both works, although the parent and child love each other dearly, they come across various trials in life. King Lear presents the faults that a parent or child could have, then connects to the poem through the love between the parent and child that shines through in the end. Although King Lear and Cordelia’s relationship was damaged in the beginning, it was restored near the end of the play before Cordelia died. A metaphor is used in this poem that compares the mother’s life to a worn staircase. This literary device is significant because it is a visual representation of the mother’s worn, hard and not-so-perfect life. However, despite the mother having such a hard life, the metaphor also shows how the mother is still willing to encourage her son to never give up in life.

TWELFTH NIGHT

by william shakespeare

love

When Viola dresses up as a guy, she falls in love with a Duke, who happens to be in love with another girl named Olivia, who is actually in love with Viola (who is pretending to be Cesario). On top of this, Viola has a twin brother who ends up falling in love with Olivia, and Olivia’s handmaiden Maria falls in love with Olivia’s uncle, Toby.

the poem starts out with donne angry at the sun and ends with donne saying that the sun needs to shine on him and his girl, the one couple that matters because their love is stronger than the sun.

Donne uses parallels in his poem to show the contrast and difficulty in love. If there’s one thing that’s happening in this play, it’s that all the relationships are complicated and messy, but it is very obvious that love plays a very important role on everyone’s mind. This poem accurately displays a lovesick mindset while also adding an understanding to the complicated nature of relationships.

ALIAS GRACE

margaret atwood

guilt

Alias Grace explores the idea that memories can be selective. When Grace Marks is accused of killing two people, she claims to not remember any of the events leading up to the murders. Grace has a complicated backstory of both physical and mental abuse, which has deeply impacted her life. This brings up the theme that events from our past shape our future and that the human mind blocks out things that we do not wish to remember.

This poem tells the story who has killed a man but tries to convince himself that nothing happened. He balances on the edge of insanity, trying to push out any memories of the murder from his head.

This poem relates to the story of Grace Marks because both characters convince themselves they are innocent because the truth is to hard to process. The literary device that best fits these works of literature is an euphemism. Everything that happen is down played because it would seem too offensive. Both characters have a hard time bluntly expressing their thoughts, therefore they do so by alluding to what actually happened without confirming anything.

1984

by george orwell

loyalty

1984, tells the story of a man who lives his life under the constant watch of the government. This man, Winston, begins an illegal relationship with a woman and begins to question all of the things he previously believed. As the book progresses, “Big Brother” begins to alter Winston’s mind and shape his views to what they believe in. By the end of the book, Winston has conformed into society and is no longer the man he started out as.

Entitled the “weeping woman”, this poem tells the story of a speaker parting from his lover, and the feeling of having one’s soul part from their body upon this loss.

In 1984, Winston and Julia hold a secret love affair in a hidden enclave in the woods. The descriptions in the poem mirror the ones of the affair in 1984, bright flowery and sunny, appreciating beauty amidst despair and sadness. They vow to always stay truthful and faithful to each other through their rebellion, even upon inevitable capture. At first they are both distraught, but both end up breaking the loyalty to each other and falling to be blindly loyal to the government. The characteristic narration shift throughout the poem represents the narrator’s conflict and detachment from his situation. Similar to Winston, he is disheartened from himself and the love that he used to care about.

Credits:

Created with images by jaycross - "IMG_3533.JPG" • derwiki - "london parliament england" • MikeBird - "shakespeare king lear ancient" • krheesy - "Blood Moon" • zeevveez - "הסברים לכמה מלים של מים - למ"ד עד ת"ו" • Conquero - "horses animals nature" • wwward0 - "Black and Colorless" • aischmidt - "horse shoe lucky western" • trainjason - "crown" • www.hacienda-la-colora.com - "www.hacienda-la-colora.com Night view from Alhambra de Granada, Andalousia Spain - Image Picture Photography" • Taken - "jail prison ruin" • Vivian Farinazzo - "Nature."

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