Increased levels of air pollution, water pollution and deforestation.
The burning of fossil fuels led to smog in populated, industry heavy cities like London. In 1873, 700 people were killed in London after experiencing a week of smog.
Wood was in great demand for use in industries, so trees were cut down quickly and without being replaced. This also increased carbon levels
lack of trees damaged the environment by uprooting native animal populations, degrading habitats, and disrupting the carbon cycle
Agricultural changes and effects
Agricultural irrigation led to salinization and water resource depletion in urban areas.
Crop rotation led to better quality produce and higher yields to feed the growing population.
Selective breeding led to higher quality meat and wool.
Overall improvements were made in the quality of food
Industrial changes and effects
Machinery replaced some human labor
James Watt - Steam Engine
George Stephenson - Railroad
Alexander Graham Bell - Telephone
Thomas Edison - Lightbulb
Robert Fulton - Steamboat
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Industry - a group of profit making companies
Example - the banking industry
Effects on the Family
In lower/ middle class families, everyone of age was expected to work, even women and children.
The Industrial Revolution led to a situation in which women became more subjugated to men and had less contact with the public sphere.
Before the Industrial Revolution men, women, and both genders of children all had equal input in working because most work was done at home. After the Industrial Revolution, men worked outside of home while women and children worked inside the home. This caused men to be breadwinners while women and children were paid less or not at all.