The globe that made Shakespeare a success Period 5 Natalia Chavez

Globe Theatre:

Shakespeare's Globe

Globe Theatre:

Thesis:Though new Globe audiences occasionally display Elizabethan-style raucousness, these playgoers are respectfully attentive during a performance of The Winter's Tale.

Quote # 1:The Globe stands a few hundred yards from its original site. The rebuilding of the iconic building stems from the founding of the Shakespeare's Globe Trust by the pioneering American actor and director Sam Wanamaker. The links above give information on Shakespeare and the London in which he lived and wrote in, the original Globe theatres and the remarkable story of Sam and the rebuilding process. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare's_Globe From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary:The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, on land owned by Thomas Brend and inherited by his son, Nicholas Brend and grandson Sir Matthew Brend, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613.[4] A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed by an Ordinance issued on 6 September 1642.[5]

Quote # 2:A modern reconstruction of the Globe, named "Shakespeare's Globe", opened in 1997 approximately 750 feet (230 m) from the site of the original theatre.[6]From 1909, the current Gielgud Theatre was called "Globe Theatre", until it was renamed (in honour of John Gielgud) in 1994. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare's_Globe From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary: Examination of old property records has identified the plot of land occupied by the Globe as extending from the west side of modern-day Southwark Bridge Roadeastwards as far as Porter Street and from Park Street southwards as far as the back of Gatehouse Square.[7][8] However, the precise location of the building remained unknown until a small part of the foundations, including one original pier base, was discovered in 1989 beneath the car park at the rear of Anchor Terrace on Park Street.[9] The shape of the foundations is now replicated on the surface. As the majority of the foundations lies beneath 67—70 Anchor Terrace, a listed building, no further excavations have been permitted.[10]

Monologues:

As You Like It (III,v) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

The Comedy of Errors (II,ii.) - Comedy/Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Hamlet (I,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Hamlet (I,iii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Henry IV, Part I (I, iii.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Henry IV, Part I (II, ii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Henry IV, Part I (II, iii.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Henry IV, Part I (IV, ii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Henry VI, Part II (II,iv.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Julius Caesar (I,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Julius Caesar (III,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Julius Caesar (III,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Love's Labor's Lost (III,i.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

The Merchant of Venice (I,iii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

The Merchant of Venice (III,ii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

A Midsummer Night's Dream (III,ii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Much Ado About Nothing (II,iii) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Richard II (III,ii.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Richard III (I,i.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Richard III (IV,iv.) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Romeo and Juliet (I,iii) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Romeo and Juliet (II,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Romeo and Juliet (II,ii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Romeo and Juliet (III,iii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Titus Andronicus (II,iii) - Drama. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Twelfth Night (II,ii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 f.

Two Gentlemen of Verona (II,iii.) - Comedy. William Shakespeare. 1 m.

Purchase plays by William Shakespeare7 http://www.theatrehistory.com/plays/shakesmono.html

Quote #1:he Shakespeare monologue is a special monster. You have to make sure you understand what's happening, what you're saying, and convey that understanding to an audience. Add to that, you must create a vivid character and dynamic blocking choices! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary:To offer a specific instance of Shakespeare's inspiration for one of his plays, we might look to the rather well-known essay by T.S. Eliot on Hamlet. In this essay, one of Eliot's first attacks on Shakespeare's most widely regarded tragedy is to suggest that the play is not at all original with Shakespeare.

Quote #2:"The Hamlet of Shakespeare will appear to us very differently if, instead of treating the whole action of the play as due to Shakespeare’s design, we perceive his Hamlet to be superposed upon much cruder material which persists even in the final form" (Eliot, 1920). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary:Eliot attributes the original design to a writer named Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy, and mounts an argument that Shakespeare fails in Hamlet to fully contextualize or explain the extreme behavior of Hamlet (the character). The reason for this, according to Eliot, is that, in borrowing from Kyd, Shakespeare simply fails to do enough adaptation.

Quote #3"Shakespeare’s Hamlet, so far as it is Shakespeare’s, is a play dealing with the effect of a mother’s guilt upon her son, and that Shakespeare was unable to impose this motive successfully upon the “intractable” material of the old play" (Eliot). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue

Commentary:When Eliot makes the memorable claim that Shakespeare's Hamlet is "the 'Mona Lisa' of literature" it is due to the fact that the play is not interesting because it is a work of art, but, he suggests, is seen as a work of art because it is so intriguing.

Quote #4:Whether one agrees or disagrees with Eliot as to the qualities of Shakespeare's Hamlet, it is difficult not to accept his argument about the ways in which Shakespeare leans heavily on references and existing material to underpin the plots of his plays. Where the Bard's sources are somewhat obvious in his "histories" like Henry V, Richard III, and even Julius Caesar, there are also strong and clear resonances with source material in his tragedies. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary:Hamlet shares many themes and conflicts with the Greek tragedy of Electra (not to mention the Antigone). In Electra, a king is killed by his wife and her lover. The children feel that they must act to avenge their father's death, yet to do so would mean to commit matricide - an act that goes against the gods. In the end, a sense of justice wins out and the children kill their mother (only to be harried by the Furies soon afterwards).

Quote #5:The parallels to Hamlet are immediately striking and certainly serve to suggest that Shakespeare's plays may contain reference to works older than those of Thomas Kyd. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commentary:Shakespeare used to read different plays and stories to get ideas while writing his own plays. Plutarch and Chaucer were two of his favorite authors. Chaucer's famous poem Quote #6;"Troilus and Chriseyde" was the main source of Shakespeare's play "Troilus and Cressida." Shakespeare is also known for using biblical imagery throughout his plays and referenced passages of Bible, so it is safe to say that he was very much influenced by the Bible as well.

Structure :

Quote #1:The structure of the Globe Theatre is a complex. Not one inside picture of the old Globe is in existence, however, a picture of another amphitheatre, the Swan, has survived. The following picture of the Swan by Johannes de Witt, a Dutch traveller, who visited the Swan is dated between 1596-1598. The picture was accompanied by what is probably the single most important source of our knowledge of the internal layout and structure of the Globe theatre. It consists of a diary note together with a sketch of the internal layout of the Swan Theatre.The Elizabethan amphitheatres were similar in design to the Globe Theatre, so the picture of the Swan can be used a good guide to the structure and layout of the amphitheatres including the old Globe. We have also included a modern representation of the interior of the Globe. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/globe.html

Open air arena about 100 feet in diameter - circular shape

Circumference of the Globe Theatre was approximately 300 feet

Built of of timber, nails, stone (flint) and plaster

Two sets of stairs

There were two doors - the Main entrance and the exit door

The original Globe had a partly thatch roof. Following a fire the second Globe Theatre had a partly tiled roof

The Roof spanned 46 feet

The Globe Theatre also featured a flag pole

The arena was called the 'pit' or the 'yard' and had a raised stage at one end which projected halfway into the 'pit'

The arena was surrounded by three tiers of roofed galleries with balconies

The stage structure projected halfway into the ' yard ' where the commoners (groundlings) paid 1 penny to stand to watch the play

The stage was 5 feet high and measured approx 45 foot wide and approx 30 feet long

The stage wall structure contained at least two doors which lead to a leading to small structure, back stage, called the ' Tiring House '. The stage wall was covered by a curtain. The actors used this area to change their attire

Above the ' Tiring House ' was a small house-like structure called the 'hut' complete with a roof. Used as covered storage space for the troupe

Two large, ornate pillars supported a roof over the stage which was called the ' Heavens '

Behind the pillars was the stage wall called the ' Frons Scenae '

Above the stage wall was the stage gallery known as ' the Lord's rooms that were used by actors, musicians and rich patrons ...........http://www.bardstage.org/globe-theatre-structure.htm

Quote #2:Either side of the central Lords Rooms were the 'Gentlemen's Rooms' http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/globe.html

Commentary:Seating Structure - The seats in each of the three levels of galleries were tiered with three rows of wooden benches, increasing in size towards the back, following the shape of the building and structure

Quote #3:The galleries were covered affording some shelter from the elements http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/globe.html

Commentary:The experience of watching a performance at the Globe was radically different from that of viewing modern Shakespeare on-screen. The plays were staged in the afternoons, using the light of day, and the audience surrounded the stage on all sides. No scenery was used, except for occasional emblematic devices such as a throne or a bed. It was almost impossible not to see the other half of the audience standing behind the players. Consequently, much of the staging was metatheatrical, conceding the illusory nature of the game of playing and making little pretense of stage realism. (For more on this subject, see Sidebar: Performance in Shakespeare’s Theatre.)

http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/globe.html

http://www.bardstage.org/globe-theatre-structure.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monologue

http://www.theatrehistory.com/plays/shakesmono.html

Credits:

Created with images by _gee_ - "globe theatre" • Kieran Lynam - "Shakespeare's Globe" • Arbron - "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre" • KatieThebeau - "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre" • Ben Sutherland - "Model of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre" • Ania Mendrek - "As You Like It @ Shakespeare's Globe" • Ania Mendrek - "As You Like It @ Shakespeare's Globe" • Jupiter Firelyte - "Shakespeare's Globe, London"

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