Great Barrier Reef By paitan reid

The Great Barrier Reef is located on Australia's north-eastern coast and is the largest reef in the world. The Great Barrier Reef is a mostly a tropical reef with temperatures reaching between 24-33° in summer and 14-26° in winter. Since it is a wet tropic there are only 2 seasons which is the 'dry' season and 'green'.

Torres Strait Islanders homelands lie in the Torres Strait which is located between the tip of Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Torres Strait islanders diet includes of a lot of seafood, their seafood consumption per person is one of the highest in the world, this means that it's really good that they are so close to the food. There are many native rights and interests on the Great Barrier Reef.

There are also lots of rules and regulations about who owns the land and what great significance the Australia and the community as it is a natural wonder of the world and it is a hotspot for tourists. Torres Strait Islanders people have dreamtime stories about the sea country portraying stories from their who lived near the continental shelf on the coastal plains. Since then, the sea level has risen forming the Great Barrier Reef which was 15000 years ago.

You can find the Great Barrier Reef next to Queensland. The Reef stretches over 3000km and consists of over 2900 individual reefs and 900 islands. A contour map shows us the top view of the lands surface which shows us how high or low a land form is. It shows us this by using contour lines which provide us an estimate on how much space there is between the lines to the height of it. For a long time the Great Barrier Reef was dry with large flat coastal plains during the glacial activity periods.

(In this image it shows the shape of the area and has the contour lines with the number of the height.)

The Great Barrier Reef is a home to many species of marine life such as 1625 species of fish, over 3000 species of molluscs, 630 species of echinoderm (star fish and sea urchins) 14 breeding species of sea snakes, 215 species of birds, 6 out of 7 of the worlds species of marine turtle, 30 species of whale and dolphin, one of the worlds most important dugong population and over 133 species of sharks and rays.

2 billion in tourism dollars have been made with more than 2 million people visiting the Great Barrier Reef. With having so many tourists that also comes with a negative affect on our environment. Things like walking on soft corals or dropping anchors on them can damage our reef, Also fuel from boats and other ways of pollution. Even things like sunscreen, lotions and sweat dripping off people in the water May affect our fragile environment.

Not only all the marine life, the Great Barrier Reef is also a home to a great amount of underwater vegetation, with types of sea grasses and many types of algae. The climate of the Reef is quite warm as on the coast it is tropical. All aspects of the Great Barrier Reef are natural and none are man-made. The Reef has lately been through a lot of environmental damage such as climate change, bleaching, pollution and acidification. These threats have led to some of the best bits about the Great Barrier Reef dying. If the damage keeps up in the future we might not be able to call the Great Barrier Reef a special place anymore with it killing not only our animals but also our underwater vegetation and making our environment a bad place.

Most of the Great Barrier Reef has been protected so that we are limiting the amount of damage we cause. Some examples of this are: not being able to fish in some areas and also some animals are protected like dolphins, green turtles and dugong. There are some places that you are only allowed to do certain things, so you should always research the places you are visiting before going.

One sustainability issue in particular is fishing at the Great Barrier Reef. This isn't just a issue here it is also killing reefs all around the world. Fishing causes bleaching which is one of the main causes of global warming. Fishing also hurts our reef by killing marine life with threats against dugongs, turtles, inshore dolphins and lots more.

The management of the Great Barrier Reef is pretty good with lots of programs in place for protecting and sustaining the Reef. Some programs are the Great Barrier Reef Gully and Streambank Joint Program,dugong and turtle Protection Plan, Australian Government Reef Programme, Reef Water Quality Protection PlanAnd many more. These programs are made to make us all aware of the sustainability issues we have surrounding the Great Barrier Reef. More ways that you can help out to keep our Reef are at:

Climate change is a big factor on the impact of environmental damage and known as the greatest long term threat. Coral reefs are mostly made of calcium carbonate making them highly fragile. This makes them very vulnerable against sea level, acidification and. temperature rises, which are all caused by global warming in some way. With not only the water and the corals changing it also has a big impact on the animal life. Animals need food, water and shelter. If they don't get that we will see great amounts of our sea life and Terrestrial animals dying out.

Climate programs show us that the sea and the air temperature is rising and continuing to increase causing more and more storms and rainfall will become more often due to more and more gasses and pollution causing global warming and climate change.

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Sea, H. (2017). High-resolution depth model for the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea - Deepreef Explorer. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017].

Shop, T. (2017). Fisherman's Tackle Boc Companion Guide - QLD & the Great Barrier Reef : Camtas International : CD016 | The Chart & Map Shop. [online] The Chart & Map Shop. Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017]. (2014). Nemo Needs Us'- A Fundraiser for The Great Barrier Reef. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017].

wiliam, S. (2017). Human threats to the reef, The Great Barrier Reef, The Great Barrier Reef, SOSE: Geography Year 8, QLD | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017]. (2017). Conservation Of The Great Barrier Reef Australia - WWF - WWF-Australia. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017].

YouTube. (2017).3D Great Barrier Reef & Coral Sea. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 May 2017].


Created with images by CoffeewithMilk - "heart reef australia great barrier reef"

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