The first revolution known as the Neolithic Revolution, is the transformation of human societies from hunting and gathering to farming. This transition occurred worldwide between 10,000 BC and 2000 BC, with the earliest known developments taking place in the Middle East.
The second agricultural revolution which began about a century ago. it gave way to new machines to do the heavy lifting.Farms could now be managed like factories that transform chemical fertilizer into outputs of monoculture crops like corn. This enabled farmers to bring mechanical efficiency and the factory’s economies of scale to agriculture. If “the discovery of agriculture represented the first fall of man from the state of nature, then the discovery of synthetic fertility is surely a second precipitous fall.
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The Green Revolution(also known the third food revolution) has strong cases on why it is a success and a failure. The Green Revolution allowed scientists to create higher-yield hybrids that are adapted to environmental conditions in specific regions. This allowed scientists to predict the maximum annual crop yield in Asia and Latin America, which was about 6,000 kilograms per hectare. The Green Revolution was largely responsible for preventing a food crisis in these regions during the 1970s and 1980s
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GMO is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. Pros of GMOs more resistant to disease and sometimes higher nutritional value. Cons genes from different organisms,some GM foods were marketed without labeling, long term consequences not fully understood.