Ancient African Kingdoms Devin price


  • Lush forest, animal diversity
  • used gold as currency
  • traded gold and salt
  • traded with Europeans, British, Portuguese, and the Dutch
  • changed to trading slaves for more money
  • trade increased wealth
  • exports included cacao beans, gold, and salt
  • imports included salt
  • current Ghana gained independence on March 6, 1957
  • independence movement led by Kwame Nkrumah, and inspired other places to become independent

Boateng, Ernest Amano, and Oliver Davies. "Ghana." Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc, 13 Jan. 2017. Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.


  • emerged in savannah between rain forests and sahara
  • had territory between Atlantic and Lake Chad (1800 miles)
  • used rich floodland from Niger as farmland
  • formed by sundiata
  • practiced Islam
  • most famous ruler was Mansa Musa
  • current Mali tries to diversify economy and reduce poverty and government spending
  • tax improved

Ducksters. "Empire of Ancient Mali.", Technological Solutions, Inc., Accessed 7 Mar. 2017

The Heritage Foundation. "Mali." Mali Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade, FDI, Corruption, The Heritage Foundation, Accessed 8 Mar. 2017


  • last and biggest of three western empires
  • Gao, the capital, is famous for Askia's tomb
  • Gao was founded around 800 A.D.
  • belonged to Malian Empire, but Gao rebelled in 1375
  • captured Timbuktu in 1468, three years after conquering Mema
  • Sunni thought of as greatest ruler
  • period of peace started after Askia's death in 1528 and ended in 1591
  • empire had been divided into five provinces, led by a governer
  • Islam had been introduced in 1019
  • Songhai no longer exists, and in its place is Niger

CIA Factbook. "", CIA, Accessed 8 Mar. 2017


  • unique art
  • world famous carved wooden masks
  • trading was a respected and important buisness
  • non-cruel. If someone stole but returned the good or one of equal value, there would be no punishment
  • slaves were treated well and could earn their way out of slavery
  • capable army
  • no formal schooling
  • Eweka was first king
  • Ewuare the Great was great warrior who expanded territory
  • state cults used human sacrafise in religious observances
  • current Benin practices voodoo, are underdeveloped, and corrupt
  • one world's poorest countries

Donn, Lin. "Ancient AfricanKingdom of Benin. "The Fascinating Kingdom of Benin-Ancient Africa for Kids, Accessed 9 Mar. 2017

BBC. "Benin Country Profile." BBC News, BBC, 26 Jan. 2017, Accessed 8 Mar. 2017

Works Cited

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