Reform Movements 3- Chris R. and Sydnee P.


"Henry David Thoreau"

Reforms began in America in the 1820s due to religious beliefs and belief in the goodness of man. The efforts from these reforms created movements, such as the Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism movement. The Second Great Awakening was based on how individuals played a role in society, while the Transcendentalism movement disagreed with some institutions in society at the time. Reforms caused many to believe that society could reform itself. Many reforms were inspired by the arts such as writing poetry, and even civil disobedience advocated by Henry David Thoreau.

"Slavery in America"


With the a growing support against slavery, many believed that the U.S should promote "liberty and justice for all" truly. The Abolitionist movement started to end the cruel treatment against slaves during the Revolutionary era. This movement wanted slavery to end and inspired writers and witnesses of slavery to speak out. Both black and white people were in this movement and worked to spread awareness and even free slaves through the Underground Railroad.




Angelina and Sarah Grimke




The women's rights movement strived to gain political rights for women, like suffrage and right to hold office. When Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton were outraged by their faced inequalities, they hosted the Seneca Falls Convention were the Declaration of Sentiments was proposed for the Declaration of Independence. This movement made great strives for women besides voting rights, although suffrage wasn't reached until 1920.


The prison reform a care of the disabled was brought up by Dorothea Dix, a teacher who witnessed the cruel atmosphere of a prison she had visited to tteach a class. What she saw caused was cruel and unfair treatment against the inmates and the mentally ill. Inmates with mental issues were deemed insane and treated like animals for their actions. Dix was pushed to issue a report in hope of for better treatment in prisons and for the mentally ill. Eventually juvenile detentions centers were started to properly treat these people. Her efforts soon would cause more mental health facilities.



The public education movement was created to bring up change in society to make education accessible for all children. Because of the cost of schooling, not all children could attend. Efforts for public education were led by Horace Mann, the " father of public education". The movement was brought up in Massachusetts, and eventually spread throughout the US. This change for education caused a rise in taxes that would be used for accessible education.

Public School


The temperance movement, was the effort to stop alcohol abuse. Many believed that alcohol abuse was the link to crime, broken homes, and mental illnesses. These people called for a ban on selling alcohol in 1820. By 1850, states would begin to pass legislation banning the sale or drinking of alcohol. Eventually, theses laws were repealed, but the movement continued through the late 1800s


With working conditions at the time being unbearable, a campaign known as the Labor reform was started. This reform worked to improve the conditions at at the workplace and improve child labor laws. Later, The labor unions brought by the reform would protect workers in Massachusetts. Some of the workers protected by the reform were workers such as the AFL/CIO and women.

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