Mood and Tone
The mood of a story is the feeling you get upon reading the text. The mood of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is alters throughout the novel. During the first few chapters, I got a sense that Victorian England was always dark and rainy. When both the Carew Murder and the incident where he trucked the helpless girl occurred, you could sense the mood in the air as being gloomy and sinister. Mr. Hyde brought a specific presence anywhere he went. As the novella progressed, the mood became more question-filled and shocking. The more the novella progressed, the more the reader found out about Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’s past. The mood became one of confusion. Whenever Dr. Jekyll was involved, I knew something interesting was bound to happen. Dr. Jekyll brought a sense of calmness and serenity while Mr. Hyde brought a sense of fear and disgust.
The tone of a story is the feeling that the author wants you to feel from reading the novel. The tone of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the good and evil within man. Even before the reader understands the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde, Robert Louis Stevenson makes it very clear that Dr. Jekyll brings goodness and peace, while Mr. Hyde brings anger and fear. I believe this is the underlying tone throughout the novel. It seems like every important happening or occurrence within the novella either takes the side of good or evil. Once the relationship between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is revealed, Dr. Jekyll admits that even at a young age, he always saw man as having a good side and a more evil or sinister side. Throughout the novella, Stevenson uses many smaller tones such as shock and disgust. For example, when Mr. Hyde kills Sir Danvers Carew for no apparent reason, not only does Stevenson want the reader to feel fear, but he also wants the reader to feel disgust for Mr. Hyde. Mr. Hyde is intended to be an evil character that no one like. The tone of this novella brings a sense or realization that hits the reader halfway through the novella.
"The most racking pangs succeeded: a grinding in the bones, deadly nausea, and a horror of the spirit that cannot be exceeded at the hour of birth or death. Then these agonies began swiftly to subside, and I came to myself as if out of a great sickness."(Stevenson, 61)