Civil Rights Terms By: Ella and Azu

Dred Scott Decision (1857) - Dred Scott was a slave when he went to Illinois and Minnesota with his "master". He claimed that since he was in free territory, he should be freed. Chief Justice Taney said that slaves would never be American Citizens.

The Emancipation Proclamation (1863) - Abraham gave an order that declared that all slaves were free in the Confederate states called the Emancipation Proclamation. The problem was that the Union had no power over the Confederate States, so even though Lincoln demanded that slavery should end, the proclamation was not effective.

13th Amendment (1865) - After the Civil War ended, Abraham Lincoln wanted to end slaver all over the country. All he needed to do was make an amendment to the Constitution. The amendment was approved by 27 of the 36 states and canceled out any old laws that supported slavery.

14th Amendment (1868) - In the Dred Scott Decision, the Supreme Court ruled that African Americans could never be American Citizens. The 14th amendment changed that statement and said that anyone that was born in the United States could become a US citizen.

15th Amendment (1870) - Before, African Americans were not allowed to vote in federal elections. This amendment made it possible for any man of any race to vote in an election.

Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) - The Supreme Court said that segregation was okay as long as African Americans were given the same treatment as others.

Brown vs the Board of Education (1954)- The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was against the Constitution. This law made it possible for blacks to attend schools that whites also went to.

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) - In many places of America there were separate seats for black and white people to sit. One day, Rosa Parks, a woman of color refused to give up her seat for a white man. She was then thrown in jail. After this, several people started to boycott the city buses. finally, the Supreme Court ruled that

Little Rock 9 (1957)- Even though the Supreme Court said that there was no more segregation in schools, many schools did not let black students attend school. 9 black students attempted to attend Little Rock Central High School. The governor of Arkansas tried to stop them by sending the National Guard, but President Eisenhower overruled his decision to do that.

Sit-Ins (1960)- Many restaurants and lunch counters had segregated sitting. On February 1st, 4 black college students sat down at one lunch counter that was meant for white people only and the restaurant refused to serve them. the students refused to get up because this was their way of protesting against segregation. This kind of peaceful protest was called a "sit-in."

Ruby Bridges (1960)- First grader Ruby Bridges was one of the first black students to attend and all white school. When she went to school, she and her mother had to be escorted by federal marshals. several white students were pulled out by their parents, but Ruby stayed and eventually graduated high school and college.

Freedom Riders (1961)- People decided to protest in many different ways. The Freedom Riders were people who rode buses to segregated places in the south to challenge the laws. All Freedom Riders believed that segregation was wrong.

James Meredith (1962)- James Meredith applied at the University of Mississippi and got accepted. When the school learned his race, they rejected his application. Even though the Supreme Court ruled that he could go, he found the entrance blocked when he arrived. He successfully attended and eventually graduated with a degree in political science.

"I have a dream" (1963)- In August 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. delivereed his famous "I have a dream" speech to a crowd of 250,000 people. They gatherded for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. He called to many people to end racism and encouraged the president to pass laws against discrimination.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.