Argentina "Latins are tenderly enthusiastic. In Brazil they throw flowers at you. In Argentina they throw themselves".

People and Society

Population- 43,886,748 (July 2016 est.)

37% of the Argentine population are of Italian descent, about 12,8 million people.

Geography

Natural resources: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, arable land

Land use: agricultural land: 53.9% arable land 13.9%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 39.6%, forest: 10.7%, other: 35.4% (2011 est.)

Environment current issues: environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution

Note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

  • With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world.
In Argentina, an orangutan was granted the right to life, liberty and freedom from harm.

Government

Type: Presidential republic- a term used to describe countries where the president is a figure actively involved in the governance of the country.

  • President of the country, 2017: Mauricio Macri
The name "Argentina" comes from the Latin word for silver, argentum. The original European settlers believed the country was full of silver.

Economy

Type of market: Free-market heavily based on agriculture and agricultural exports. (Free-market; an economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses).

Agricultural products: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock.

Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durable, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel.

Labor force by occupation: agriculture- 5%, industry- 23%, services- 72% (2009 est.)

Description of trade: 

Exports: Total- $58.4 billion (2016 est). Commodities- soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat. Partners- Brazil 17%, China 8.6%, US 5.9% (2015).

Imports: Totals- $57.23 billion (2016 est). Commodities- machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics. Partners- Brazil 22.4%, US 16.3%, China 15.5%, Germany 5.1% (2015).

  • Argentina's economy is Latin America's third-largest and the second largest in South America.
Argentina is subdivided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. Each have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

Cool Facts?

  • In 2001, Argentina had 5 presidents in 10 days.
  • Between 1974 and 1983, up to 30,000 people went "missing" in Argentina. Most were killed by the military junta running the country.
  • Argentina's retired soccer player Diego Maradona has his own religion made by his fans.
  • The toothpaste "Colgate" in Argentine Spanish translates to "Go Hang Yourself."
  • In 1971, Evita Peron's body was exhumed and flown to Spain, where Argentina's Ex-President Juan Peron and his new wife kept the corpse in their dining room.
  • A heartbroken Argentine farmer spent decades cultivating a guitar-shaped forest to honor his late wife.
  • The world's widest avenue is the "9th of July" in Argentina, with 14 lanes, plus 4 lanes of parallel streets.
  • Government officials in Lionel Messi's hometown in Argentina have banned parents from naming their children "Messi."
Leonel Messi, one of the most iconic soccer players in the world. Born and raised in Argentina.

Citing

  • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
  • http://www.factslides.com/s-Argentina
  • https://www.reference.com/world-view/kind-economy-argentina-40d072bc8f6669a7#

Credits:

Created with images by inmanifestado - "glacier lake and the vietnam santa cruz" • barnigomez - "Lollapalooza Argentina 2015" • Doug Scortegagna - "Tierra del Fuego" • Pexels - "sky blue flag" • thejourney1972 (South America addicted) - "Mapa de América del Sur (Sudamérica) - mapa da América do Sul - map of South America" • YaNiS2017 - "lionel messi barcelona"

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