The Book Of Zechariah Visions and prophecies

Introduction to the Book of Zachariah: Zachariah means "Yahweh has remembered"

It is believed that it was written by more than one person and it is placed historically between 520 BCE and 518 BCE with the last chapter 14 written closer to the 5th Century BCE.

visions of peace
  • The book of Zachariah can be divided into two separate books, the first series of chapters 1 - 8 can are usually considered 1 Zachariah but it's not broken down like that. The second part 2 Zachariah is considered to be from chapters 9 through 14.
  • The Ideological Criticism of this book, I believe, is that the first chapters of the vision are written to remind Israel that God is with them and that a victorious outcome is going to happen. A priestly line of David type of government or establishment is going to happen. But then reality sets in and the second part of Zachariah re-focuses on the fact that maybe, not an earthly establishment created by man, but Yahweh will be the one to establish the "Day of the Lord", a peaceful era.

Zachariah chapter 1, reminds Israel to repent. "...Return to me, says the Lord of Host, and I will return to you, says the Lord of hosts,..." Zech 1:3. Yahweh reminds Israel that it's prophets have passed away "Bu my words and my statutes, which I commanded...did they not overtake your ancestors?" Zach 1:6

The first vision of Zechariah, A man on a red horse: "In the night I saw a man riding on a red horse...behind him were red, sorrel, and white horses." Zech 1:8, what do they represent? "They are those whom the Lord has sent to patrol the earth." Zech 1:10. But the most important part of this chapter, I believe, is the following" "...thus says the Lord, I have returned to Jerusalem with compassion:" Zech 1:15, "...my cities shall again overflow with prosperity; the Lord will again comfort Zion and again choose Jerusalem." Zech 1:17.

The second vision deals with horns and smiths: "...I looked up and saw four horns," Zech 1:18. "...these are the horns that have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem..." Zech 1:19.

The third vision is the man with a measuring line: "...saw a man with a measuring line in his hand." Zech 2:1 why was he going to do with that? ad he answered: "...To measure Jerusalem,..." Zech 2:2. "...I will be a wall of fire all around it, says the Lord, and I will be the glory within it." Zech 2:5

"...Flee from the land of the north, says the Lord;" Zech 2:6, "...Escape to the land of Zion,..."Zech 2:7, "Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion!...I will come and dwell in your midst,..."Zech 2:10. "Many nations shall join themselves to the Lord...and shall be my people; and I will dwell in your midst..."Zech 2:11

The fourth vision is of Joshua and Satan: "...he showed me the high priest Joshua standing before the Lord, and Satan..." Zech 3:1. "The Lord said to Satan, "The Lord rebuke you Satan!..." Zach 3:2 Joshua was standing "...with filthy clothes" Zach 3:3. The angel said to take off his dirty clothes and clothe him with festive clothes. Zach 3:4. Joshua has been made clean. Joshua was assured by the angel of the Lord that if he kept the requirements of the Lord, then he could rule the courts. The Lord promises that "...I will remove the guilt of this land in a single day,..." Zech 3:9.

The fifth vision is of a lampstand and olive trees: "...I see a lampstand all of gold,...there are seven lamps...a bowl on top of it...and by it are two olive trees, one on the right and one on the left..." Zech 4:2-3. "These seven ae the eyes of the Lord, which range through the whole earth."Zech 4:10. "The two branches of the olive trees, which pour out oil...are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth." Zech 4:12-14.

The sixth vision is of the flying scroll: "I see a flying scroll...it is a curse that goes out over the face of the whole land..." Zech 5:2-3

The seventh vision is of a woman inside a basket: "...a basket coming out...it's their iniquity in all their land...there was a woman sitting in the basket...this is Wickedness." Zech 5:6-8. Then two women came flying in the wind and took the basket with the Wickedness to the land of Shinar. Zech 5:9-11. Shinar is Babylon and the sin of Israel is symbolized as the woman inside the basket as per explained in the Hebrew Bible's explanations 5.8-9 and 5.11.

The eighth vision: is about the four chariots. "...The first chariot...red horses, the second chariot had black horse, the third had white horses and the fourth chariot was pulled by gray horses...what they represent are the four winds of heaven." Zech 6:2-5.

Then the word of the Lord came to Zechariah and told him to collect silver and gold from the exiled peoples of Heldai, Tobijah, and Jedaiah all who came from Babylon and built a crown with it. This crown was to be held by Hedai, Tobiah, Jedaiah and Josiah son of Zephaniah. Zech 6:9-14.

The Lord reminds the people that fasting must be done for the Lord and not for oneself, otherwise its hypocritical. Zech 7:1-6

The Lord says "Render true judgements, show kindness and mercy to one another, do not oppress the widow, the orphan, the alien, or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another." Zech 7:9-10.

"...I will return to Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem;..." Zech 8:3, They shall be my people and I will be their God, in faithfulness and in righteousness" Zech 8:8. "...Speak the truth to one another, render your gates judgments that are true and make for peace, do not devise evil in your hearts against one another, and love no false oath; for all these are things that I hate, says the Lord" Zech 8:16-17.

"Fasting...shall be seasons of joy and gladness, and cheerful festivals for the house of Judah: therefore love truth and peace." Zech 8:18

"...In those days...nations of every language shall take hold of Jew, grasping his garment and saying, "Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you." Zech 8:23

in Zechariah 9:9-10 "Rejoice greatly, O daughter Zion!...you king comes to you; triumphant and victorious is he, humble and riding on a donkey...he shall command peace to the nations."

In Zech 9:11 it states beautifully: "As for you also, because of the blood of my covenant with you, I will set your prisoners free from the waterless pit..."

Highlights of Zech 10. "...they suffer for lack of a shepherd...the Lord of hosts cares for his flock,...for I am their God and I will answer them...they shall be numerous as they were before." Zech 10:2-8.

Zech 11:4 "...Be a shepherd of the flock doomed to slaughter." "..so they weighed out as my wages thirty shekel. s of silver." Zech 10:12. "Throw it into the treasury"...this lordly price at which I was valued by them...." Zech 10:13.

In Zachariah 12:10 it states: "And I will pour out a spirit of compassion and supplication of the house of David...when they look at the one whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him,"

Chapter 13 reminds Israel that "On that day a fountain shall be opened for the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity." Zech 13:1. Once again it is reminded: "...They are my people; and they will say, "The Lord is our God." Zech 13-9.

Chapter 14 ends the book of Zechariah. It talks about a future war and a future victory. But the day of the Lord is glorious. "...on that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives..." Zech 14:4. "On that day there shall be neither cold or frost, there shall be continuous day..." Zech 14:6-7. "On that day living waters shall flow...the Lord will become King over all the earth; on that day the Lord will be one and his name one." Zech 14:8-9.

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