People started to disobey laws on purpose to make a point. The second great awakening was when people felt a revival of religion between the 1820's and 1830's when emphasized the role individuals played in society. Another movement was the transcendent which was the belief that people would reform society.
Abolitionists were people of all colors speaking out against slavery and asked for equality for all. They broke free lots of slaved by using the underground rail road. The Underground Railroad helped runaway slaves to freedom in the north. Fredrick Douglas, Souiner Truth, and Harriet Tubman were leaders of the abolition movement. This movement would lead to the women's right movement.
In the 1800's women didn't have the right to vote, any property or revenue a women had went to her husband. There was no laws against men abusing their wife. Then it was decided to host a national women's convention in New York. There they modeled their proposals for women's rights. They soon demanded equality at school, work, church and voting.
In the mid 1800's the reform movement spread across public schools. Very few students didn't go to school because of its cost. Horace Mann, who would lead to be the father of public schools, informed citizens about the importance of education. He proposed the idea that schools for children is better for the future of the country. The public schools were payed with taxes. Even though public education was popular everyone wasn't free to use it, like blacks and young women.
Dorothea Dix was a Sunday school teacher at the local prison, until she focused her kindness on the mentally ill that live in prisons. She thought it was outrageous that these people, including children, are locked up in cold damp cells for doing nothing wrong, other than maybe not paying their low debts. They were whipped for their behavior because they were classified as insane. Dix was able to outlaw these cruel punishments, the discount of debtors prisons and the creation of a special justice for children.
The movements purpose was to ban alcohol. They wanted this because people linked alcohol abuse to crime, the breakup of families, and mental illness. It started with Maine and spread to the other states until it was repealed. Then, in the late 1809's it name back and was strengthened.