Spinal Cord Injury C1-C3 By: marisa rios

C1 & C2 Vertebrae

Atla / Axis - C1 and C2 supports the head. Atlas vertebra (C1) pivots on Axis (C2) to allow the head to rotate. If damaged can lead to full paralysis and often fatal.


• Inability to breath and need assistance from a ventilator.

• They lose feeling below the level of injury.

• Paralysis in the arms, hands, legs, and torso.

• Limited neck and/or head movement.


• Surgery

• Prescription Drugs

• Physical Therapy

C3 Vertebrae

C2 and C3 is a junction where flexion and extension occur. Injury here will limit mobility in both flexion and extension.


• Limited range of motion.

• Loss of diaphragm function.

• Requirment of a ventilator for breathing.

• Paralysis in arms, hands, torso, and legs.

• Trouble controlling bladder and bowel function.


• Fusing the spine and decompressing the nerves around the spinal cord.

• The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs may help the patient regain some sensory and or motor function.

• Physical therapy.

For all three areas - Causes / Preventions:

• Trauma, such as sports related injury / Play safe

• Car accidents / Drive with caution

• Slip and fall / Watch your step, be aware of your surroundings

• Diseases

• Tumors

• Infections

Some injuries are unpreventable, although protecting your neck can save you from damaging the cervical vertebrae which if harmed can cause your life to change.



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