• Atla / Axis - C1 and C2 supports the head. Atlas vertebra (C1) pivots on Axis (C2) to allow the head to rotate. If damaged can lead to full paralysis and often fatal.
• Inability to breath and need assistance from a ventilator.
• They lose feeling below the level of injury.
• Paralysis in the arms, hands, legs, and torso.
• Limited neck and/or head movement.
• Prescription Drugs
• Physical Therapy
C2 and C3 is a junction where flexion and extension occur. Injury here will limit mobility in both flexion and extension.
• Limited range of motion.
• Loss of diaphragm function.
• Requirment of a ventilator for breathing.
• Paralysis in arms, hands, torso, and legs.
• Trouble controlling bladder and bowel function.
• Fusing the spine and decompressing the nerves around the spinal cord.
• The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs may help the patient regain some sensory and or motor function.
• Physical therapy.
For all three areas - Causes / Preventions:
• Trauma, such as sports related injury / Play safe
• Car accidents / Drive with caution
• Slip and fall / Watch your step, be aware of your surroundings
Some injuries are unpreventable, although protecting your neck can save you from damaging the cervical vertebrae which if harmed can cause your life to change.