- Humanism influenced the Renaissance era's in Germany, Netherlands, France, England, and Poland.
- Before 1450, Renaissance humanism had little influence outside Italy, after 1450, these ideas began to spread throughout Europe.
- Northern Renaissance Painters created new things, such as genre painting and landscape.
German Painter: Durer
- He was a painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance.
- His vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolors and books.
German Painter: Holbein
- Hans Holbein the Younger was a German and Swiss artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style.
- Born in Augsburg, Holbein worked mainly in Basel as a young artist.
Flemish Painter: Van Eyck
- In 1432, van Eyck painted "Adoration of the Lamb," the altarpiece for the Church of St. Bavon, Ghent.
- Throughout his career, van Eyck used oil painting in his portraits and panel paintings.
Flemish Painter: Bruegel
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes
- Painting peasants in everyday life was rare in Bruegel’s time and his work gives us an important insight into everyday life in the 16th century.
Christian Humanist: Erasmus
- He was ordained priest of the Roman Catholic Church and studied at the Univ. of Paris.
- Erasmus' influence began to be felt in Europe after 1500.
Christian Humanist: Pope John Paul II
- He was made a cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1967, and in 1978 became the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years.
- He was ordained in 1946, became the bishop of Ombi in 1958, and became the archbishop of Krakow in 1964.
- Quote: As the family goes, so goes the nation and so goes the whole world in which we live. Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought. Do not abandon yourselves to despair. We are the Easter people and hallelujah is our song.
Christian Humanist: St. Francis of Assisi
- Saint Francis of Assisi was a Catholic friar who gave up a life of wealth to live a life of poverty.
- He established the Franciscan Order of friars and the women's Order of the Poor Ladies. Francis was born in Assisi, Italy in 1182. He grew up leading a privileged life as the son of a wealthy cloth merchant.
- Quote: Start by doing what's necessary; then do what's possible; and suddenly you are doing the impossible. For it is in giving that we receive. Preach the Gospel at all times and when necessary use words.
Christine de Pizan
- Born in Venice, Italy, in 1364, Christine de Pizan is considered a pioneering feminist writer and one of the most notable women writers of medieval times.
- French poet and author Christine de Pizan was born in 1364 in Venice, Italy. Widowed, she took up writing to support herself.
- In her prose works she wrote of women's heroism.