Step 1: PREWRITING
Prewriting involves organizing thoughts and ideas before the actual writing begins. Graphic organizers or concept webs can be helpful to determine what one already knows about a topic and what direction the writing will take. Planning out what the student will write about in each area of the paper or assignment is key here. Thus, many writers spend the majority of their time or energy on this stage of the process.
Step 2: DRAFTING
During the drafting stage, students will create a rough version of what the paper will turn out to be.
Step 3: SHARING
Spending time as a class to give each other feedback can be useful in helping students self-reflect on the progress they've made so far. This can be done in a large-group, small-group, or partner sharing setting.
Step 4: REVISING
During the revising stage, writers utilize feedback and self-reflection to add changes to their work. Mini-lessons taught during this stage of the Writing Process can be beneficial in helping students with this reflection of their progress thus far.
Step 5: EDITING
During the editing stage, students can work with peers or individually to add final changes to their work. Special attention should be paid to conventions, such as grammar and spelling.
Step 6: PUBLISHING
A typed, presentable version of the writing is created.
Step 7: ASSESSING
The assessment of student work can (and should) come in a variety of forms. A rubric--denoting the ways in which students are to be graded--should be given to students at the beginning of the assignment so they know exactly what is expected of them. This rubric would be used in the teacher's final, summative assessment of the written work. Other assessment may come in the manner of self-reflection or peer evaluations.
6 +1 Traits: IDEAS
This first trait refers to the core ideas or topics addressed in the writing.
6+1 Traits: ORGANIZATION
How is the piece structured? In what way are ideas expressed to the reader?
6+1 Traits: VOICE
The author's tone/overall attitude towards what they are writing about. This makes writing interesting and multi-dimensional as we as readers relate to the person behind the piece.
6+1 Traits: WORD CHOICE
A variety of words are used to effectively communicate the author's ideas.
6+1 Traits: SENTENCE FLUENCY
The types of sentences (long, short, phrasing, etc.) is varied throughout the piece. The writing doesn't have a repetitive feel to it. Additionally, the sentences flow smoothly together and ideas flow logically. The piece of writing feels cohesive.
6+1 Traits: CONVENTIONS
Grammar and spelling throughout the piece of writing are consistent and accurate. The author proofreads thoroughly for these types of errors.
6+1 Traits: PRESENTATION
The piece of writing looks professional to the eye. It is typed or in otherwise final format and could be displayed. Illustrations or graphics could be included for additional emphasis.