Darius The Great

Background information- Darius was born in 550 BC. He was not the son of a king, but was the son of a satrap of Persia. A satrap was a leader under the king who ruled a region of land. Legend has it that the king, Cyrus the Great, had a dream that Darius would one day rule the world. He ordered Darius' father to keep an eye on Darius and make sure that he did not try and kill Cyrus' son Cambyses II. He became a spearman in the army, and fought side by side in battle protecting Cambyses when he became king.

Achievements and Legacy- Darius first had to squash revolts in his own empire. Early on in his reign there were conspiracies to overthrow him as well as major revolts like the Babylonian revolt led by Nebuchadnezzar III. After gaining full control over his empire, Darius began to expand it, conquering new lands such as Egypt and the Indus Valley. Soon the Persian Empire reached its peak and was one of the largest empires in the history of the world.

Political- Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire.

Economic- Darius undertook impressive construction projects across the empire. In Susa, he built a palace complex in the northern part of the city, which became his favorite residence. In Egypt, he built many temples and restored those that had previously been destroyed. Darius is often renowned above all as being a great financier. He fixed the coinage and introduced the golden Daric. He tried to develop the commerce of the empir

Social/Cultural- Darius was an adherent of Zoroastrianism, a firm believer in Ahura Mazda. Darius believed that Ahura Mazda had appointed him to rule the Achaemenid Empire. He supported faiths and religions that were "alien" as long as the adherents were submissive and peaceable, sometimes giving them grants from his treasury for their purposes.

Royal Road- The Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great of the first Persian Empire in the 5th century BCE. Darius built the road to facilitate rapid communication throughout his very large empire from Susa to Sardis

Works cited- ancient.eu | history-world.org | livius.org | ducksters.com

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