Photoshop is approximately the world's best photo editor application .
It was created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll .
The word " Photoshop " has become a verb as in " to Photoshop an image " , " photoshopping " and " photoshop contest " .
Photoshop files have default file extension as .PSD , which stands for " Photoshop Document " A PSD file stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop . A PSD file has a maximum height and width of 30,000 pixels , and a length limit of 2 Gigabytes .
1 - The layer :
The layer is like a sheets of glass stacked on top of one another that you'll use to create a final project. Each sheet can be modified individually without affecting the project as a whole, which can save you tons of time when making edits to individual elements of your graphic .
Layers are the most important element in Photoshop and , in my opinion , they're one of the reasons many people throw their arms up in frustration . But once you understand how they work, I promise they'll make your life much easier .
It has its own module on the bottom right-hand corner of your Photoshop screen , or click " window " on the top bar , then " layer " .
To duplicate a layer press " ctrl " + " J " .
You'll also notice there's an "eye" symbol next to each layer: Click that symbol to turn the eye on and off, thereby toggling the visibility of that layer as you work.
2 - Color and swatches
The Color and Swatches tool lets you use, modify, copy , and save custom colors for your content . While this may seem like a pretty self-explanatory element , it actually has powerful features that will keep your visual content vibrant and unify your color schemes .
To create your color open the Color Picker by double-clicking on this top box in the bottom left-hand corner of your Photoshop screen .
From there, you'll see a vertical spectrum of color with a slider on it , which you can adjust to create your own custom color. Alternatively , if you already have a specific color of which you know the hex value (i.e. #ff0000) , then enter it in the appropriate box to find that color automatically. You can also select your color swatch based on RGB or CMYK values .
Take your company colors and save them as “Swatches ” so that you can reference and reuse them whenever you’re designing your visual content.
3 - Text tool
The Text tool lets you write something or add custom fonts to your database, and it gives you access to advanced font settings that give your text some serious style.
Once you click the Text tool icon, all of the settings and font options will pop up at the top of your screens. These settings let you change the font , font size , and spacing between characters , height , width , color , and style. Be sure to select the layer of your desired text to edit it .
Whenever you create a text box , Photoshop will generate a layer for it .
4 - The brush tool
Just as with fonts , you can add your own , royalty-free j, custom brush tips . With the brush settings , 7you can change the size , shape , and transparency of your brush strokes to achieve a number of different visual effects .
Brushes are a great way to add some visual accents to your content. Photoshop starts you off with a nice selection of brush tips that you can use to clean up your graphics and create some basic visual effects.
Once you click the Brush tool icon , all of the settings and brush options will pop up at the top of your screen. These settings let you change the brush size , opacity , flow , and so on . You'll find a variety of pre-installed brush tips , as well as any custom brush tips you install to Photoshop .
( You can find royalty-free brushes at brusheezy if you want to get really creative ) .
5 - Move tool
The move tool let's you move objects in your project . It is one of the most important tools in Photoshop .
It is easy to use just click on its icon then move any thing in your project .
Click the Move Icon from the left hand menu bar and simply drag the object(s) you would like to move. To move all objects in one layer, simply highlight the layer and use the Move tool. You can also right click the object for additional options.
To scale, rotate, move, and flip things:
The Free Transform tool lets you scale , rotate , move, and flip any element in your select layer or layers. Use the shortcut " CTRL " + " T " to initiate Free Transform, and check out the options that pop up at the top of your screen . Hold the SHIFT key while transforming to maintain the proportions of your elements .
7 - Eraser tool
The Basic Eraser functions a lot like the brush tool . You can change the size and hardness of the eraser tip to achieve a variety of effects , like blending and fades . The Background Eraser uses differences in color to help you erase unwanted background areas from your images .
The eraser is one of the most useful tools in Photoshop. Yes , I understand it’s technically just an eraser , but you’ve never used an eraser like this .
Once you click the Eraser icon , all of the settings will pop up at the top of your screen . These settings let you change the eraser size , hardness , and other aspects of the tool .
Like most tools in Photoshop , the eraser works only on a specifically selected layer . Make sure you've got the layer you want selected before you start erasing .
8 - Crop tool
The Crop tool lets you crop an image . It works like any crop tool you’ve ever encountered : Simply choose your area and crop it out .
I know this is a basic tool , but you’ll find yourself using this just as often as any other tool in Photoshop , especially when you’ve completed your graphic and need to clean up some of the free space around the edges .
Select the icon indicated in the screenshot from the side menu bar , and drag the box over the area you would like to crop . To adjust the crop box , simply click and drag the small anchor boxes on the sides and corners of the crop box .
9 - Gradient tool
The Gradient tool creates a gradual blend between multiple colors . You can choose from preset gradient fills or create your own .
First click on the gradient icon then click on the gradient picker to chose the gradient you want , or click on the long bar to pick the color you want .
Then click on a layer without releasing , drag it to anywhere , and you will notice that Photoshop will create a line between two dots . When you release it Photoshop will create the gradient you wanted .
10 - Spot healing brush
The spot healing brush is the default healing tool in Photoshop and can be used to clone areas from an image and blend the pixels from the sampled area seamlessly with the target area . The basic principle is that the texture from the sample area is blended with the color and luminosity surrounding wherever you paint . The main difference between this and the standard healing brush is that the spot healing brush requires no source point . You simply click on the blemishes you want to get rid of ( or drag with the tool to paint over the larger areas you wish to repair ) and the spot healing brush works out the rest for you . It is in many ways a lot easier to use than the standard healing brush and extremely effective at removing most blemishes and marks .
Make a new layer on top of your photo .
Click on the spot healing brush icon then brush on the spot you want to repair . You will notice that Photoshop will remove it without spoiling the photo .
11 - Clone stamp tool
The clone stamp tool is used to sample pixels from one part of the image to paint in another . This is an essential tool for retouching work such as spotting and general image repairing .
Make a new layer on top of your photo .
Click on the clone stamp tool icon then press " Alt " and click on the place you want to copy from , you will notice that Photoshop will create a circle or a "+" on the place you had chose . Then brush or draw on the place you want to repair .
12 - Hand tool
The Hand tool helps you to move around in an image document quickly and works similarly to a scroll bar , enabling you to do your work more quickly .
The Hand tool is more of a function than an actual tool because you rarely need to click the Hand tool to use it . Simply hold down the " spacebar " while using any other tool , and the cursor changes into the Hand icon , enabling you to move the image around in its window by dragging .
Photoshop has many shortcuts for many tools on the keyboard . To make controlling easier let's see them !
V for move tool
E for eraser tool
G for gradient tool
H for hand tool
U for rectangle tool
R for rotate view tool
Y for history brush tool
W for magic wand tool
J for spot healing brush tool
S for clone stamp tool
I for eyedropper tool
D for foreground and background color black and white tool
X for foreground and background color reverse tool
T for text tool
O for zoom out tool
Z for zoom in tool
P for pen tool
B for brush tool
C for crop tool
M for select tool
L for lasso tool
Here are some of my projects