Age of Exploration:Events isabel ruiz, Mr.Meninga, WOrld History 3B, 3/27/16

ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM: The encomienda system was a system established in 1512, by which the Spanish attempted to define the status of the Indian population.Under this system conquistadors and others received many Indians which the Spanish were to protect and care in the Christian faith. Many people call this time in history according to Micheal Bubsin publisher of "Encomienda System and The New World Indians" stated: "It is considered by many historians as one of the most damaging institutions that the Spanish colonists implemented in the New World." The Encomienda was created to meet the needs of colonies mining economy. With the decline of the Indian population the system lost its effect and was then replaced by another system of landed estates.

CAUSES

With everything comes a reason. The ecomienda system was intended to be for good reasons but slowly that changed. The ecomienda began when the practice of exacting tributes from the Jews and Muslims during reconquista started. The ecomienda system was created to reduce the abuses of forced labor that employed shortly after the New World. With this idea the Spanish were going to protect and Christianize the Indians granted to them. This reasons for the Encomienda were great but they did not last.

EFFECTS

With good intentions also came good and bad rewards. The ecomienda system allowed the Spanish to spread their beliefs. With different beliefs people were able to see different perspectives in life. The ecomienda system also allowed the Spanish to earn money. During the ecomienda the Spanish were able to trade the Indians in the form of gold and labor. Some of the bad effects that the Encomienda had on the Indians was that they stripped them from their families and treated them more like slaves them protecting them.

PRINTING PRESS: The printing was a machine were text and pictures were transferred to paper with the use of ink. The printing was first discovered in China but Europe was the first to mechanize it. In 1439 a man by the name of Johannes Gutenberg was the first to show the Printing Press. Johannes showed that a long handle turned a wooden screw, pressuring against paper putting ink on it. Throughout 1440 Gutenberg made the basics of printing and constructed a prototype of the press. With the printing press Gutenberg was able to produce thousands of indulgences for the church (,the bible). The printing press made a great printing revolution, through the time of information and learning

CAUSES

In the New World writing was something that didn't last, and education was very low. This all changed with the invention of the Printing Press.It was created to mainly preserve writings and books. The printing press was also created to reduce the majority of scribes. Scribes would work day in and day out sitting, measuring, and writing books and writings. Another reason why the printing press was created was to let the people get a hold of books. In New World only the church and wealthy people could have writings. Gutenberg changed that with the printing press.

EFFECTS

The Printing Press didn't only change change the New World but the world as we know it. The Printing Press was able give information and knowledge to people. The printing press allowed a different way to spread information and knowledge. The printing press also increased the European explorations due to the writings they preserved from past explorers. Not only did the Printing press do the things listed above but it also allowed scientists, philosophers, and politicians to share their information. When these knowlledgeable people had a new idea or fact they would publish it with the printing press.

SILK ROAD: For so long we have wondered why the things we have are here, this may be do to something called the Silk Road. Throughout history there have been a trail of communication routes and paths used for trade, and today we call these routes the Silk Road. The silk road was not only used for communication but was also used to transport silk and goods to people. The silk road was a 4,000 mile long network streched from east to west (from china across Asia's deserts and through the mountains of the Middle East) and this was important to to trade spices (known as Spice Routes).

CAUSES

The Silk Road was more accidental then intentional. Throughout the time of the New world china was eager to find new land, and their searching led to paths (as we know today as the Silk Road. Another reason for the silk road was China's outstanding supply of silk. A man by the name of Ferdinand von Ritchtofen named the routes ,the silk road. There is no main theory as to who created the silk road, but we know that the silk road was created because China and the rest of the world wanted more supplies and resources so the silk road was a great invention.

EFFECTS

The silk road wasn't only good for the trade (the silk road allowed people to trade spices, grain, and vegetables for communities) but for the things that it brought to the New World. With the mixing of populations the silk road brought knowledge, culture, and beliefs which was a great impact for the the New World. The silk road also brought the great studies of the arts, science, literature, technologies, and crafts. This bringing of studies allowed the communities to learn and grow from each other. Even though the Silk Road brought great effects it also brought negative ones as well. The Silk Road also brought diseases because different cultures would meet. At this time that wasn't very good because people weren't used to certain diseases so many times this led to death.

MIDDLE PASSAGE: The middle passage was a form of the Triangular Trade. It was a system in which African slaves were packed into ships and were transported across the Atlantic Ocean. The traveling would usually last around 3 months and during this time the slaves were chained to the floor or shelves (unable to move). In these ships there would be six hundred enslaved people. Many captives were from different nations making it difficult to speak with one another. This form of trade was used mostly for money making and the wealthy keeping slaves.

CAUSES

The Middle Passage was a situation that came about slowly throughout time. The Middle passage began in Europe where men would pack goods to transport to Africa. During these trades the Europeans began to buy Africans and wanted to sell them for riches. Another reason that the Middle passage was created was because the Europeans wanted a form of labor to be done to take control of sugar, equipment, etc. where they lived. The only way the Europeans were going to find that labor was through slaves. The main reason for the Middle Passage actually came from the triangular trade were Europeans found an easier to transport slaves so they created a ship were they traveled to sell the slaves.

With bad things done to slaves also came good reward for the Europeans. One big impact the Middle Passage had on the Europeans was it allowed them to get resources. The Europeans would trade the slave in exchanged for raw material. Not only that but the Middle Passage was also a good way to get money. With many slaves meant great money if they worked well. There were also bad effects in the process as well. The Middle Passage meant that slaves were split from their families and sometimes were tortured.

WORK CITED:

Mabry, Donald J. "Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, online since 1990." Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, online since 1990. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

"Encomienda system established." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

"Printing press." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"The Gutenberg Press." Treasures of the McDonald Collection - Special Collections & Archives Research Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

"The Middle Passage: The Abolition of Slavery Project." The Middle Passage: The Abolition of Slavery Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

"The Triangular Trade: The Abolition of Slavery Project." The Triangular Trade: The Abolition of Slavery Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017.

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