Considering that life was harsh in 3500 BCE, the Code provided a concrete example of what was right and wrong.
** Law #3: "If a man lies to a judge in a case involving a death sentence. He shall be put to death." This warns others to not lie and that your word means something.
** Law #196: "If a man has knocked out the eye of a free man, his eye shall be knocked out." If you harm someone, usually the punishment is equal to the injury.