Personality Theory Assessment Tyler mIchael belk


It is a view that explains personality in terms of conscious and unconscious forces, such as unconscious desires and beliefs.

It focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a persons present behavior. There are four major schools of psychoanalytic theory, each of which has influenced psychodynamic therapy. The four schools are: Freudian, Ego Psychology, Object Relations, and Self Psychology.

Major Theorists include Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Considering himself a scientist, rather than a doctor, he endeavored to understand the journey of human knowledge and experience.

Terms associated with Humanism. Personality consists of the id, responsible for instincts and pleasure-seeking. Superego- which attempts to obey the rules of parents and society. Ego- which mediates between them according to the demands of reality.

"I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father's protection." - Sigmund Freud

John Wayne with his family. He was a good man and tried to be a good father, even being away from his family when he was acting. However he failed three marriages, he always struggled to win the respect he believed he deserved and felt forced to hide his sensitivity and artistic leanings.
Sigmund Freud smoking a cigar. He loved cigars.


Humanism is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving.

Major focus on the personal worth of the individual, the centrality of human values, and the creative, active nature of human beings. The approach is optimistic and focuses on noble human capacity to overcome hardship, pain and despair.

Two well known humanistic theorists.

Carl Rogers is known as the father of client-centered therapy. Throughout his career he dedicated himself to humanistic psychology and is well known for his theory of personality development. He began developing his humanistic concept while working with abused children. Rogers attempted to change the world of psychotherapy when he boldly claimed that psychoanalytic, experimental, and behavioral therapists were preventing their clients from ever reaching self-realization and self-growth due to their authoritive analysis. He argued that therapists should allow patients to discover the solution for themselves.

Terms associated with Humanism. Self-worth- the sense of one's own value or worth as a person. Self-image- the idea one has of one's abilities, appearance, and personality. Self actualization-the realization or fulfillment of one's talents and potentialities, especially considered as a drive or need present in everyone.

John Wayne had a great Self Image. He had a great appearance and personality. The Duke realized his talents but stayed humble and continued to work as well.


Trait theory is an approach to studying human personality that identifies and measures the degree to which certain personality traits, recurring patterns of thought and behavior, such as anxiousness, shyness, openness to new things. The study involves a set number of personality traits and assigns the degree that a trait exists, which then determines the individual’s personality.

Major focuses-  Trait approach is one of the most vital areas of study in psychology that helps identify a person’s personality. Traits can be defined as a stable characteristic that causes a person to depict a response to any situations in certain ways. Trait theories indicate that the traits are always constant regardless of the situations.

Raymond Cattell top Left. Hans Eysenck Top Right. Gordon Allport Bottom.

According to Gordon Allport, one English dictionary could provide you more than 4000 words describing or synonymous to a single personality trait. Because of this finding, he was able to categorize traits into three general levels. They include: Cardinal Traits, Central Traits, Secondary Traits.

Gordon Allport Unlike many other psychologists of his time, Allport placed a strong emphasis on conscious motivations and thoughts, and this led to a strong interest in the development of personality. Although Allport is noted as being influential in many areas of psychology, he is particularly well known for his trait theory.

Cattell’s and Eysenck’s theory have been the subject of considerable research, which has led some theorists to believe that Cattell focused on too many traits, while Eysenck focused on too few. From this a new trait theory emerged. The "Big Five" theory. The five-factor model of personality represents five core traits that interact to form human personality.

The Five-Factor Theory of Personality Terms.

Extraversion- How outgoing and social a person is. Agreeableness- how friendly, cooperative, and compassionate a person is. Conscientiousness- People that have a high Conscientiousness are reliable and prompt. They are organized. Neuroticism- Relates to ones emotional stability and degree of negative emotions. Openness- People who like to learn new things and experiences.

John Wayne was a wonderful actor but stated “I’m Duke Morrison and I never was and never will be a film personality like John Wayne." His real life personality trait relates closet to Neuroticism.


Created with images by skeeze - "john wayne actor vintage" • skeeze - "sigmund freud doctor neurologist"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.