Leadership Without Easy Answers By: Amber mccowan

First, we may ask ourselves, what is the definition of leadership? Leadership is the action of leading a group of people or an organization.

Values in Leadership

It opens up with Values in Leadership. Leadership arouses passion. The term leadership involves our self-images and moral codes. When we hear that question "Would you rather be a leader or a follower?" The usual answer is "a leader." During an election year, we want a leader for President, rather than "another politician." We look up to several people as "leaders."

Pablo Escobar was head of the Medellin drug cartel.

We looked to Pablo Escobar as a leader. We detested his values, because he motivated followers to realize his vision.

In the video, you learned about 10 Leadership Theories. Each of the theories are generally considered to be value-free but their values are simply hidden.

To Lead or Mislead? Leaders have a lot of responsibilities.

We are then opened up to leading or misleading. Living systems seek equilibrium. They respond to stress by working to regain balance. We tend to notice the successes and innovations more than the failures. The successes survive while the failures disappear.

The concept of adaption arises from efforts to understand biological evolution. Evolution is a matter of chance. It had no "purpose." Survival is our only measure of its success; societies generate purposes beyond survival. Adapting to human challenges requires that we go beyond the requirements of simply surviving.

In the video, you seen and learned about adaptive leadership.

The Roots of Authority.

Social living depends on authority. Our systems of authority serve vital social functions. In our everyday language, we often equate leadership with authority. We call leaders those who achieve high positions of authority even though we readily acknowledge the frequent lack of leadership they provide. One of these key impediments is authority.

Dominicance structures serve similar functions across species. Dominant animals take a prominent stance. They dominate the attention of the band. This structuring of attention is found among mountain gorillas living in the lush forests and mountains of central Africa.

Mountain Gorillas in central Africa.
Human Socieites.

Before drawing analogies between animals and human societies, three caveats (a warning of specific conditions or limitations) are necessary.

  • The hierarchies in primate socieites involve small groups, at least by modern human standards. They contain as many as one hundred members, but not five hundred, ten thousand, or millions.
  • Human societies may not coordinate themselves by the same mechanisms that other animal societies use. There are pronounced differences among many species.
  • We have seen the misuse of Darwin's theory in the for of social Darwinism. The ideas that someone should dominate, and those who do must deserve to.

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