Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473, in Toruń, Poland. He was from a wealthy, upper class burgher family. Copernicus was raised by his uncle after the death of his father at a young age. As he grew up, he studied at a center which was focused on mathematics and astronomy. He also researched medicine, classical literature, and philosophy. His favorite things to study were eclipses. Because of his passion for astronomy, he built his own observatory. After a life full of important discoveries, he passed away on May 24, 1543, in Frombork, Poland.
Nicholas Copernicus was the first to propose a heliocentric theory, which placed the Earth at the center of the universe. His theory allowed many other theories to come into place and opened up a period where great thinkers were dedicated to solve questions about our natural world also known as the scientific revolution.
He was a major contributor to the scientific revolution with his theories and laws about he placement of earth and the other plants in relation to the sun. His work during the scientific revolution influenced the scientists who came after him during the Enlightenment.
Ideas and theories such as the one Copernicus had proposed opened the narrow minds of the thinkers and philosophers during the enlightenment. Copernicus's idea to think against the teachings of the culture and society led him and many other thinkers of the era to great discoveries.