Lord of the Flies & Ishmael Amaris Canas I P.3B

Rules & Order

Ishmael- The narrator explains to Ishmael on what he believes is the natural law.

1. Species must maintain competition. Species should not try to remove competition unless they are defending themselves but species can not kill other species because for the sake of it.

2. Species can not remove all food sources to reduce competition and make more room for their own food.

3. Species can not deny other species access for food, unless they need it for themselves to survive.

4. A species can not store their own food.

Ishmael reduces these rules into a simpler statement: “You may compete but you may not wage war” (129)

The narrator list these rules to protect the biodiversity of all species. He believes these rules promotes diversity among species because it allows them to live in harmony among each other and destroys the selfish ways some species may have, leaving others at an unfair disadvantage. When species see each other as enemies, conflict breaks out and species may destroy each other.

The conch shell governs who speaks in the Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies- The boys find themselves with a newfound sense of authority and rule-making when they are trapped on the island. Though they have no adult supervision and guidance, they still establish order within the group. Jack and Ralph fight for power between each other so they can give orders to the rest of the boys, this results in much conflict throughout the novel. For example, a character like Piggy who is portrayed to be more level-headed and more intelligent then the rest of the boys is quickly shunned by them because he is seen as weak. Piggy has asthma, is less of a leader like Jack and Ralph, and gets bullied a lot, especially by Jack. Jack uses his rule to put Piggy down and the boys see Jack as more powerful.

Quotes:

"Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things... I ought to be chief, said Jack with simple arrogance, because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp" (22).

"We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages" (42).

“Which is better –to be a pack of painted Indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is? ... Which is better –to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?... Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?” (180).

Similarities- In Ishmael and Lord of the Flies, law and order seems to be a common theme throughout both novels. Like the narrator, the boys find themselves implementing rules in order to have an organized system and peace.

Characters

Ishmael- Ishmael is a captured gorilla that has spent most of his life living in captivity. Moving from place to place, Ishmael comes under the care of Walter Sokolow who helps him grow intellectually. As Ishmael goes through life, he begins to question captivity and grows to become intelligent and self-aware. Yearning to spread his intellect, Ishmael becomes a teacher who teaches his students on pride, the human race, and the world. Humans have surrounded Ishmael for most of his life. He has spent a lot of his time living in captivity evaluating humans and their history. Overtime, he soon learns that humans are also living in captivity just like himself. Rather than being locked up in a cage, humans are their own captures due to their destructive ways to control the world. As a teacher, Ishmael spreads his findings of the pride and selfish- culture humans have towards the earth to his own students.

"The Beast" is the evil that lies within mankind

Simon- Simon is the only character in Lord of the Flies who shows great concern for the "littuns". The younger boys on the island gravitate towards his caring nature and follow him around. Simon portrays a leader among the younger kids. Unlike the other boys, Simon does not feel the need to fit in and enjoys spending time alone. Like Piggy, Simon proves to be smarter and more intellectual than most of the boys on the island. After witnessing the events taking place on the island, he comes to the understanding that mankind is inherently evil in their desire to control and dominate. The Beast is a fictional monster the boys believe live on the island with them. Simon sees the beast for the first time, but it is not what the other boys believe it is. Instead, it is a monster that lives within themselves. Simon's own murder proves the evil that lies within mankind.

Similarities- Simon and Ishmael are both intellectual characters who want to educate those around them. Ishmael educates his students and Simons attempts to educate the boys on the island. Throughout his time in captivity, Ishmael learns that humans have a need for world domination. On the island, Simon also learns that mankind has an urge to dominate and has a hard time forming words to express "...mankind's essential illness" (89). Ishmael and Simon both has come to a type of clarity, realizing things others are blind to.

Symbolism

Lord of the Flies- After Jack announces himself chief, the boys are in a type of hysteria and kill a sow. The dead pig's head is perched on a stake to summon the beast. The impaled pig's head symbolizes the corrupt evil that lies within humankind. The boys exhibit savagery behavior now that they are not chained by the rules they once had to abide by. Although they were once young, normal boys, they now display violence and destruction every person is capable of.

Ishmael- Attempting to teach his student on mankind, Ishmael uses the biblical story of Adam and Eve. He explains how eating the fruit from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil in the Garden of Eden, gives the god's immense wisdom. The fruit on the tree nurtures the gods only and not man. If Adam were to eat the fruit from this tree, he may believe that he has gained the knowledge the god's gain and consequently destroy the world with his own arrogance. Adam symbolizes the evil within mankind. Man is willing to let his own pride destroy earth due to his own selfish urge to gain power and wisdom.

Credits:

Created with images by Pexels - "abstract background branch" • Monam - "justice scales balance" • 821292 - "conch shell molluscum" • Hans - "gorilla monkey view" • bixentro - "Evil Eye Close Up" • ecastro - "Nursing mother pig" • attanatta - "Alex_Grey-Adam_and_Eve"

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