THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE NORTH OF THE EUROPEAN ALPS

'Mérode Altarpiece' (Robert Campin)

THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE.

  • -THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE REFERS TO ART, PHILOSOPHY, SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES (ETC.) THAT TOOK PLACE OUTSIDE OF ITALY DURING THE RENAISSANCE MOVEMENT
  • -MANY MUSICIANS CONSIDERED TO BE MUSICAL GENIUSES WERE RECOGNIZED DURING THIS TIME PERIOD, AS WERE ARTISTS BEGINNING TO BECOME KNOWN FOR WESTERN STYLES
  • -THE DAWN OF THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE FOR SOME COUNTRIES BROUGHT A NEW AGE FOR OTHERS: THE AGE OF EXPLORATION, ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT MOVEMENT IN EUROPE
SELF PORTRAIT
ALBRECHT DÜRER
  • BY HIS TWENTIES, DÜRER WAS KNOWN ACROSS EUROPE AND HIS INFLUENCE HAD A BROAD SPAN
  • HE WAS IN CONTACT WITH WELL-KNOWN ARTISTS SUCH AS RAPHAEL AND LEONARDO da VINCI, AND SUPPORTED BY THE HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR AT THE TIME
'LAST JUDGEMENT'
HANS HOLBEIN (THE YOUNGER)
  • HANS HOLBEIN WAS KNOWN AS ONE OF THE GREATEST PORTRAIT MAKERS OF HIS CENTURY; ASIDE FROM PORTRAITS, HE DID TRADITIONAL ART AND WOODCUTS
  • HE'S TITLED 'THE YOUNGER' TO DISTINGUISH HIM FROM HIS FATHER, HANS HOLBEIN (THE ELDER) WHO WAS ALSO A SKILLED PAINTER
'St Nicholas of Myra'
'Portrait of a Man' (Van Eyck)
JAN van EYCK
  • van EYCK IS BELIEVED TO HAVE COLLABORATED ON SEVERAL WORKS WITH HIS BROTHER, ALSO A PAINTER. HIS BROTHER IS MOST LIKELY WHERE HE LEARNED THE SKILL FROM.
  • HE WORKED BEST WITH BRIGHT, COLORFUL OIL PAINTS AND WAS ONE OF THE FIRST RENAISSANCE ARTISTS TO FULLY MASTER AND USE OIL PAINTS TO THEIR FULL POTENTIAL
'The Arnolfini Portrait'
'Self Portrait'
PIETER BRUEGEL (THE ELDER)
  • HE PRIMARILY PAINTED LANDSCAPES AND COMMON SCENES, AND RARELY ANYTHING RELIGIOUS OR PORTRAITS
  • IN ORDER TO DISTINGUISH HIM FROM RELATIVES IN HIS FAMILY WHO HAD THE SAME NAME AND TRADE, HE'S SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS 'PEASANT BRUEGEL'
'Hunters in the Snow (Winter)' (Pieter Bruegel)
ERASMUS
  • HIS FULL NAME IS DESIDERIUS ERASMUS AND HE WAS BORN IN OCTOBER OF 1466 OF ILLEGITIMATE BIRTH, WHICH HE WAS JUDGED FOR IN HIS EARLY LIFE
  • HIS MOST FAMOUS WORK IS TITLED 'THE PRAISE OF FOLLY' AND ENCOURAGES A LIFESTYLE THAT ISN'T OVERLY POMPOUS OR CONCERNED WITH ONE SOLE MATTER, BUT A MORE SIMPLE LIFE CENTERED AROUND CHRIST AND ONE'S SELF

"He who allows oppression shares the crime."

THOMAS MORE
  • HE STRIVED TO GIVE INSIGHT THROUGH HIS WORKS OF WHAT A PERFECT SOCIETY MIGHT BE LIKE, OR A 'UTOPIA'
  • HE ORIGINALLY WROTE EVERYTHING IN LATIN; WHEN HIS WORKS BECAME POPULAR, THEY WERE TRANSLATED INTO MANY EUROPEAN LANGUAGES

"The ordinary acts we practice every day at home are of more importance to the soul than their simplicity might suggest."

CHRISTINE de PIZAN
  • HIGHLY EDUCATED FOR A WOMAN DURING THAT TIME; SHE WAS ONE OF THE FIRST WOMEN TO EARN A LIVING AS A WRITER
  • MANY OF HER WRITINGS DEALT WITH THE INEQUALITY BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN AT THE TIME AND SHE WAS AGAINST THE DIFFERENT TREATMENT OF YOUNG BOYS AND GIRLS
  • SHE WAS ABLE TO ACHIEVE SUCH EXTENSIVE EDUCATION BECAUSE OF HER FATHER, WHO WORKED AS AN ASTROLOGER FOR KING CHARLES V. HIS OCCUPATION MADE AVAILABLE TO HER A BROAD SELECTION OF RESOURCES ON MANY TOPICS.

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